World map of Claudius Ptolemy (90-168), an astronomer, geographer, mathematician, and astrologer.
Claudius Ptolemy was the author of the classical antique monograph Almagest, which was the result of the development of ancient celestial mechanics and contained an almost complete collection of astronomical knowledge of Greece and the Middle East of that time.
He left a deep trace in other areas of knowledge, including optics, geography, mathematics, as well as astrology.
This map is a part of Cosmography written in Latin and drawn up in full size in Florence, Italy in 1467. The map was obtained from the Polona electronic library.