Coats of Arms of Historical Armenia

Coats of Arms of Historical ArmeniaSince antiquity, the Eagle and the Lion have been the most common themes of Armenian iconography, particularly, on Armenian coats of arms. Below, you can see a variety of artifacts with Armenian national and royal emblems. The list is quite long yet incomplete.

230 BC. A coin of King Arsames II of the Armenian Kingdom of Sophene. The reverse side features an eagle standing on thunderbolt.

King Of Armenian Kingdom Of Sophene. Arsames II. Circa 230 BC

189 BC – 12 AD. A coin of Tigran II the Great of Armenia with the coat of arms of his dynasty, the Artaxiad house. An eight-pointed star flanked by two eagles can be seen on both sides.

Coin of Tigranes the Great, 95-55 B.C.

6 AD – 12 AD. Draped bust of Tigran V with long pointed beard, and wearing a tiara. An eagle depicted on the left.

Draped bust of Tigranes V (6 AD. -12 AD.) facing right with long pointed beard and wearing tiara. Eagle standing left.
Draped bust of Tigranes V facing right. Eagle standing left (6 AD. -12 AD.)

643 AD – 652 AD. A relief with a royal eagle from the ruins of Zvartnots Cathedral in Armenia.

Eagle from Zvartnots Cathedral

861 AD – 1118 AD. Lion depicted on the gates of Ani, the medieval Armenian capital. The coat of arms of the Armenian Bagratid dynasty can also be seen.

Lion on the gates of Ani

Flag symbols of Bagratids on two Armenian churches, the Noravank Church (left) and the Geghard Monastery (right).

Bagratuni flag symbols on Noravank and Geghard monasteries

1000 AD – 1260 AD. The coat of arms of Armenian Rubenid dynasty depicting a lion holding a cross.

Seal of Levon II King of Cilician Armenian, Rubenid dynsaty
Coin of Levon I king of Cilician Armenia (1198-1219)

The coat of Arms of King of Armenia (left) and the King of Troy in Armenia (right). Notice that the cross was transformed into a sword piercing the lion. From “Sammelband mehrerer wappenbücher” (Augsburg – Bavaria – 1530).

The King of Armenia and the King of Troy in Armenia
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Armenia

The coat of arms of the king of Lesser Armenia illustrated by master Miltenberger. It was titled “Rex hermenie” in Richenthal.

Coat of arms titled Rex hermenie in Richenthal, depicting the coat of arms of the king of Lesser Armenia. Illustrated by the master Miltenberger.

A coat of arms of Greater Armenia from “Chronicles of the Council of Constance.”

Coat of arms of Greater Armenia, from the Chronicles of the Council of Constance.

1341 – 1375. The coat of arms of the United Kingdom of Armenia, Lusignan dynasty, as illustrated by Le Breton.

Coat of arms of the United kingdom of Armenia

1432 — 1458. The coat of arms of Lusignan dynasty from the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. From the Kolossi Castle in Cyprus.

Coat of arms of House of Lusignan

The coat of arms of Cilicia from “O Livro de Armeiro Mor”, Portugal, 1509. The text reads “Rey d ermenia”, meaning “Armenian coat of arms”.

Coat of arms of Armenia, Protugal 1509

Illustration of Armenian Queen Sinope from the Amberley Panels. “Heroines of Antiquity”, Lambert Barnard, ca. 1526 (oil & tempera on panel). This is one of the eight surviving panels forming the decorative scheme of Amberley Castle, former residence of the bishops of Chichester. It was commissioned by Robert Sherborne (ca.1450-1536), Bishop of Chichester.

Sinope, Queen of Armenia – Lambert Barnard 1526, Oil & tempera on wood panel. From the Amberley Castle ‘Heroines of Antiquity’

A coat of arms of the king of Greater Armenia as illustrated by German sources of the beginning of the 16th century.

Coat of arms of the king of Greater Armenia, Germany, 16th century.

Shields with Armenian coat of arms illustrated on an Armenian manuscript of Gladzor, ca. 1620.

Shields with Armenian coat of arms from Armenian manuscript from Gladzor c. 1620.

The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Armenia painted in 1850.

The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Armenia – painted in 1850

Arms of Armenia, engraving and drawing by Filipos Sarkissian, 1875.

Arms of Armenia, engraving and drawing Filipos Sarkissian 1875

1918 – 1920. The coat of arms of the First Republic of Armenia.

The coat of arms of the Democratic Republic of Armenia (1918-1920)

1920 – 1991. The coat of arms of the Armenian SSR on a traditional rug.

Armenian rug Coat of arms of Soviet Armenia

The current coat of arms of the Republic of Armenia. Thus can be seen the continuation of the eagle-lion theme widely used throughout Armenian history.

Current coat of arms of the Republic of Armenia

Source: PeopleOfAr


Related Publications


5 comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.