Monthly archives: July, 2018

The Armenian Name of the Milky Way Galaxy

The Armenian Name of the Milky Way Galaxy

Ancient Armenians were well-informed in astronomy. In fact, the oldest known observatories are located in Armenia. Karahunj dated to 4,200 BC and the observatory at Metsamor dated to 2,800 BC gave the ancient Armenians the opportunity to develop refined knowledge of geometry. This knowledge would allow the Armenians to measure distances, longitudes, latitudes, imagine the …

Literary Tradition of Armenia

Literary Tradition of Armenia

The phrase “to know wisdom and instruction, to perceive the words of understanding” from Solomon’s “Book of Proverbs” is believed to have been the first sentence to be written in Armenian. The one to write down the first phrase in Armenian was the creator of the Armenian alphabet Mesrop Mashtots. The Armenian literary tradition dates …

A Summary of Hamshen’s Story

A Summary of Hamshen’s Story

“Hamshen” is the Armenian name for a settlement located in what had been Lesser Armenia (now Hemşin district in Rize Province, Turkey). Lesser Armenia historically was a part of the ancient Armenian Kingdom ruled by the Orontid (Yervanduni) royal dynasty. Over the following centuries, Lesser Armenia was repeatedly conquered until eventually becoming a part of …

Monastery of Bardzrakash St. Gregory in Armenia Was One of “Europe’s Most Threatened Heritage” in 2014

Monastery of Bardzrakash St. Gregory in Armenia

The Monastery of Bardzrakash St. Gregory in Dsegh, Armenia, is one of the 11 monuments and sites that have been shortlisted for “The 7 Most Endangered” 2014 program. This program was produced by Europa Nostra, a leading European heritage organization, and the European Investment Bank. Built between the 10th and 13th centuries, this monastic complex …

Armenian Folk Art Displayed in Museums Around the Globe

Armenian Folk Art Displayed in Museums

Several years ago, the Russian Museum of Ethnography held an exhibition dedicated to the traditional Armenian culture. Titled “The World of Traditional Armenian Culture”, the exhibition showcased yet unseen objects characteristic of the common Armenian crafts and occupations, such as jewelry, carpets, musical instruments, weapons, embroidery, and lace works. In regard to the Armenian craftsmanship, …

The Aranese Dialect and Ancient Armenians

The Aranese Dialect and Ancient Armenians

About 1,000 years ago, the whole population of southern France and northern Spain spoke the Aranese dialect, a variety of the Occitan language spoken in northwestern Catalonia. Catalan is a variety of the Occitan language as well. In 2010, the Aranese dialect was named the third official language of Catalonia. Today, the Aranese dialect belongs …

Armenian Calligraphy Viewed by Ruben Malayan

Armenian Calligraphy Viewed by Ruben Malayan

The below-presented animation displays Armenian calligraphy. The animation was created by Armenian artist and designer Ruben Malayan, while the music was written back in the days by Armenian composer Komitas. Ruben Malayan has long been studying ancient Armenian manuscripts. One could consider him the one responsible for the revival of Armenian calligraphy. His personal website …

The Mysterious Star-Stones of Artsakh

The Mysterious Star-Stones of Artsakh

Artsakh is a highly mountainous region, as many people probably know. The Soviet-era toponym of the region – Nagorno-Karabakh – even contains the Russian word for “mountainous”, “nagorno”. Artsakh holds heaven-reaching mountains and unexplored caves housing many secrets to human evolution, not to mention unique archaeological sights. Another kind of artifact from Artsakh, though not …

Robert Fischer’s First Meeting with Tigran Petrosyan

Robert Fischer’s First Meeting with Tigran Petrosyan

Among Soviet chess players, Tigran Petrosyan encountered Robert Fischer the most times: 27, to be precise. The games between these two chess grandmasters have always been very competitive. Apart from that, they significantly contributed to the history of chess. Petrosyan and Fischer met for the first time in Moscow in 1958. In 1957, Fischer’s mother …

Ancient Coins of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Ancient Coins of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Cilician Armenian coins were minted from copper, bronze, silver, and rarely gold. Their styles have been completely unique and included images of stylized busts, Armenian texts, and sometimes the Crusaders’ crosses and iconography. The tradition of Cilician coin minting was established by the first King of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Leo I and was …

The Restoration of the Armenian Cultural Heritage Turkish-Style

The Restoration of the Armenian Cultural Heritage Turkish-Style

Official circles and media of Turkey occasionally claim that they restore historical and cultural monuments scattered around the country. In the scopes of this “marketing” campaign, the government of Turkey held several events, including the visit of the Akhtamar Island in Lake Van by the representatives of the embassies of several countries who have been …

Nemesis – The Death of Enver Pasha

Nemesis – The Death of Enver Pasha

In 1919 – 1921, a former Minister of War of the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha would engage in political activities in Germany and in Soviet Russia. It should be noted that in the Turkish Courts-Martial of 1919 – 1920, Enver Pasha was tried in absentia and sentenced to death for the forced deportation of Armenians, …

Armenian Churches of Lviv

Armenian Churches of Lviv

The most remarkable Armenian churches in Lviv are the Church of Surb Hakob (Saint Jacob) and the Church of Surb Khach (Saint Cross). Apart from their architectural features, of interest to us is that they testify to the antique presence of Armenians in the city. The Church of Surb Hakob was built in 1400 not …

Moscow Mourned the Death of Djemal Pasha in 1922

Moscow Mourned the Death of Djemal Pasha in 1922

In July 1922, Djemal Pasha, a member of the former Young Turk government, arrived in Tiflis in order to continue his cooperation with the Bolsheviks. Djemal was one of those responsible for the Armenian Genocide committed in the Ottoman Empire in 1915. On July 15, Stepan Gevorgyan, Petros Ter-Poghosyan, and Artashes Gevorgyan killed Djemal Pasha …