Monthly archives: September, 2018

Tens of Thousands of Grottoes and Caves in Armenia

Tens of Thousands of Grottoes and Caves in Armenia

Many wonders are concealed within the rock formations of Armenia. Speleologists have thoroughly examined separate cave structures, but there is undoubtedly more large-scale research ahead to do. Only in the territory of modern Armenia, the number of rock formations – canopies, niches, grottoes, and caves – varies between 10-15 thousand. And in the initial period …

Nelson Stepanyan – Twice a Hero of the Soviet Union

Nelson Stepanyan – Twice a Hero of the Soviet Union

Nelson Georgievich Stepanyan (March 28, 1913, Shusha – December 14, 1944, Liepaja) was a Soviet Armenian Il-2 aircraft pilot and twice a Hero of the Soviet Union. Before his military service, he graduated from the Transcaucasian Military Preparatory School (1930) and then from the Bataysk Military Aviation School (1935). From 1935 to 1938, Stepanyan worked …

From the History of the Emergence of Crypto-Armenians

From the History of the Emergence of Crypto-Armenians

According to History Professor Salim Cöhce from the İnönü University in Turkey, about 600 thousand Armenians, mostly children, were converted to Islam only in 1915 – 1923. Those Armenians should now have about 4 million descendants in Turkey. According to Italian Professor Giovanni Guaita, at least 150 thousand Armenians, also mostly children, were converted to …

Ancient Sources About Armenia – Artak Movsisyan

Ancient Sources About Armenia

The first known historical information about the Armenian Highlands is contained in Sumerian cuneiform records dating back to the 18th-17th centuries BC. These records mention an early state formation called Aratta. The name “Aratta” is identified with Ararat and is considered its pro-form. This is evident from the comparisons of Sumerian and biblical stories about …

The Decisive Stage of the Battle of Karakilisa

The Decisive Stage of the Battle of Karakilisa

The decisive stage in the Turkish-Armenian war in the early 20th century was the formation of the Karakilisa Front. After the fall of Alexandropol, General Nazarbekyan ordered General Areshyan to stop the advancement of the Turks to Karakilisa. Areshyan wouldn’t manage to succeed, however. On May 20, the Turks, taking advantage of the retreat of …

Beautiful Illustrations from the Life of Armenians

Beautiful Illustrations from the Life of Armenians

Yet another selection of beautiful, old illustrations and paintings on Armenian themes collected and published by the team of PeopleOfAr. It is remarkable and pleasant that Armenians with their culture and way of life have inspired artists and other cultural figures from all around the world over centuries. Old images, miniatures, and paintings showcased in …

The Secret of the Drainless Ayghr Lake

The Secret of the Drainless Ayghr Lake

The formation of the modern landscape of the Armenian Highlands began about 25 million years ago. Due to intense changes in the terrain during the Alpine orogeny, mountain masses began to ascend out the from water. The first new mountain ranges would form in the following 15 million years. The whole territory of the Highlands …

Mountains of Ararat – Here, People Looked for Redemption

Mountains of Ararat

Armenia from times immemorial has attracted travelers and pilgrims. Back in the 1st century AD, Romano-Jewish scholar, historian, and hagiographer Titus Flavius Josephus compared the Ararat mountains with a pier. The visits of foreigners became particularly frequent in the Middle Ages. In Armenia, people have looked for redemption and made reports for the high clergymen …

The Endangered Armenian Mouflon

The Endangered Armenian Mouflon

The Armenian mouflon is a mouflon species indigenous to the Armenian Highlands, though it is also spread in the steppes of Iran. Armenian mouflons are commonly found in open mid- to high-altitude areas and in rocky mountains. These wild species of sheep spend the summer in the highest areas they can reach that are typically …

Ivan Aivazovsky Has Always Been a True Armenian

Ivan Aivazovsky Has Always Been a True Armenian

Hovhannes Aivazian, in spite of having adopted the name Ivan Aivazovsky, remained a true Armenian to the core. Ivan Aivazovsky was one of the greatest masters of the marine art. Shortly before passing away, Aivazovsky himself said that he had painted about 6 thousand paintings. However, art critics would roughly estimate that there are about …

Rock Spring on Mount Aragats – Armenia

Rock Spring on Mount Aragats – Armenia

Powerful streams of lava covered numerous river channels. Some of the rivers managed to maintain their flow underground, but most weren’t able to withstand the molten rock. Among the survived streams is an ancient watercourse discovered under a thick layer of volcanic rock. This watercourse can be observed along the modern river Kasagh River near …