Month: October 2018

Theodore Roosevelt Urged to Fight Against Those Who Slaughtered Armenians

From the book “Fear God and Take your own part” of the 26th President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt: “For centuries, Armenians deliberately avoided militarism and war because they were pacifists unlike their neighbors, the Turks, who had been and remained militarists. As a result, the militarism of the Ottoman authorities prevailed over the

The Armenian Church of the Holy Host

The loss of political independence was aggravated by the division of Armenia between two mentally opposed civilizations. At that time, the Armenian clergy took over the implementation of broader functions than purely religious ones. The church was involved in various spheres of public life: it initiated the establishment of educational centers, represented the interests of

Arakel “Sarsap” Meloyan – Armenian Fedayi

Arakel Meloyan was born in 1872. He received his nickname Sarsap – “horror” in Armenian – for his exceptional brutality against his enemies. It is not known for certain what he did to them, but judging by the expression of the face of our today’s hero, the Turks with the Kurds did not feel anything

From Metsamor to China – Foundries in Armenia – 6,000 years

Excavations of the ruins in the archaeological settlement of Metsamor in central Armenia revealed a very large metallurgical industrial facility of the Bronze Age, including a foundry with two types of blast furnaces. It is known that the foundry was used to mine and process gold, copper, several types of manganese, zinc, strychnine, mercury, and

The Medieval Armenian Church of Surb Amenaprkich in Trabzon

This medieval Armenian church in Trabzon is experiencing hard days. Until 1915, the monastery was the center of the Trabzon diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Then, after a major fire, it was cast to the mercy of fate. The Armenian medieval church of Surb Amenaprkich (Holy Savior) in Turkish Trabzon was in a deplorable

Evacuation of Armenian Orphans from the Ottoman Empire – 1915-1923

In 1915 – 1923, as a result of the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire, about 500.000 Armenian children were killed (burned, poisoned, strangled), starved to death, or died from illnesses. Many of them were orphaned and forcibly Islamized. Armenian unions, religious organizations, foreign charitable foundations (Near East Relief, the Foundation of the Mayor of

The Armenian Community of Malta

The Armenian community of Malta has existed since the years of the Armenian Cilician Kingdom when the Armenian clergy and kings had first established relations with the representatives of the Order of Malta. The first meetings between Armenians and the Order took place in 1097. Since 1149, the Order of Malta (the Jerusalem Order of

Garegin Nzhdeh About Christianity and the Armenian Church

The Church must reconsider its wrong understanding of Christian love. The Church misunderstood the commandment of Christian love, and therefore throughout the centuries, it has become the cause of the unprecedented tragedy of our people. …The one who misunderstands the fundamentals of Christian doctrine is unworthy of being called a Christian, is entangled in superstition,

Cilicia – Musa Ler

In July 1915, during the Armenian Genocide, some of the inhabitants of the surrounding villages were forcibly gathered in the city of Antakya. But the majority did not obey the deportation order of the Ottoman authorities. In the face of the approaching Ottoman troops, they all ascended under the leadership of the fedayis Yagubyan and

Massacre of Armenians – Khotorjur and Neighboring Settlements in 1915

The urban-type settlement of Khotorjur was the center of Kiskim of the same-named province of the Erzurum region inhabited by Armenians. The 7.000 Armenians of this village were Catholics, hence its colloquial name “little Rome”. By the order of the Turkish government, the deportation of Armenians from Khotorjur and neighboring villages to Mesopotamia was carried

Armenian Village of Nor Araks in Italy

In the 1920s in Italy, famous Armenian symbolist poet Hrant Nazarian gathered 150 Armenians, survivors of massacres of Armenians in Ottoman Turkey, and founded the village of Nor-Araks (Armenian: “New Araks”) near the city of Bari. This village exists to this day (photos attached). The city itself is located on the shore of the Adriatic

Armenians and the First Crusade

Armenians – both ordinary people and nobles – received the participants of the First Crusade (1095 – 1099) with enthusiasm, seeing them as allies in the struggle against Islamic rulers. This is evidenced by both Armenian and Western sources. “In these days, the prophecy of St. Nerses about the campaign of the Romans came true…

The Fortresses of Cilicia – The Features of Their Layouts

The Anazarb fortress that occupied the summit of a steep mountain at an altitude of 200 m above the city of Sis was divided, in accordance with the terrain, into upper and lower parts, each fenced with a double row of high walls. The lower section, pentagonal in its layout, had 56 square towers with

Mzhezh – Armenian Military Leader and Ruler of Sicily

Mzhezh (Greek: Μιζίζιος; Armenian: Մժէժ, Mzhezh) was an Armenian general in the Byzantine army who would become the Emperor of Sicily in the late 660s AD. Mzhezh was born in 622. It is unknown where he was born precisely. According to historians, he was an Armenian by origin. Presumably, he was a representative of the

Chronology of the Battles of Levon I, Ruler of Cilicia

Summer 1185 – The battle of the Thil Hamtun fortress where the Templars and the Hospitallers were crushed. May 1187 – The battle of Sis, ended with the defeat of the Sultanate of Rûm’s troops. May 1187 – The battle of the fortress of Harney, the Ayyubid Sultanate’s troops were crushed. May 1187 – The

Bahram al-Armani – Armenian Egyptian Warlord

Bahram al-Armani (Vahram Pahlavuni; died in 1140) was an Egyptian military commander of Armenian origin, the vizier of the sword (1135–1137) during the reign of Caliph al-Hafiz (1130–1149). Bahram was born in Tell-Bashir. He belonged to the noble Armenian Pahlavuni family. In particular, he was the nephew of the Armenian Catholicos Grigor II Vkayaser and