According to the Bible (and also by Movses Khorenatsi [20, p. 12]) the Armenian Kesar Torgom, the father of Hayk, was the third after lafet (Habeth), son of Noah. By the name of Kesar Torgom Armenia was also called (sometimes until now) ”Torgom’s home (dome)”.
In the middle of ID millennium BC the son of Torgom, Prince Hayk with his family, top scientists and masters (more than 300 people) went to the South lands and started to build there the ziggurat type pyramid (Tower) with the help of local tribes.
Around this giant building a town soon arose, which later was called Babylon after the name of Armennian commander Bab (p-w- p =the kind life bringer), who later became the first King of Babylon.
When the bigger part of Tower was built, some conflict between Hayk and local commander Bel (by Bible Nebrot, the third after Cam, the son of Noah) took place, and the building of the Tower stopped.
Hayk with his people (more than 300 person) returned to Armenia. M. Khorenatsi wrote that in Armenia, on the way to Ararratian land, Hayk rested near Lake Van, built the lord-house and gave it to his grandson Kadmos enthroning him as a Lord of Lake Van land.
Then Hayk came to Ararratian land and became the Armenian Kesar (the King and Main Priest), after his father Torgom. At that time Hayk had four sons, six daughters and many grandsons. The statue of Hayk in Yerevan was shown in color Fig. 68.
M. Khorenatsi calls Hayk as ”Famous and brave nakharrar, and marksman of the powerful bow” [20, p.18; 79, p.l09]. He does not call Him ”Forefather of Armenians”. But now sometimes in use “our ancestor”, which is not right.
The word ”nakharrar” in Armenian means: “nakhearar = precreated (man); fiwtu-wpwp = fiwtuwUIbu umbtt.b1lwb”‘, so it means the top man standing before, over other men, so the king, the main priest, so it is the highest administrative (and clerical) title in countries, which is the same as very old Armenian word Kesar, The word nakharrar came from M. Khorenatsi to us, and in present Armenian is in use as “minister”. So it is more exact to call Hayk as Kesar or King.
When Hayk had left Babylon, commander Bel began to act as a king there, but the first official King of Babylon was Bab (after Bel death). Bel sent (with his son) the letter to Hayk where it was said: “You are living in terribly cold land, but•.• comply with me and live calmly where you 193 want in my country”. But Hayk answered with rigid refusal, that he did not want to return to Babylon [20, p. 19].
Then angry Bel gathered from the local tribes a big army (of Pedestrian giants) and went to occupy Armenia. When he came up to Lake Van, Kadmos (the grandson of Hayk) urgently arrived in Ararratian land and informed Hayk about Bel’s Army coming. Kesar Hayk quickly gathered army and went to meet Bel. Both armies met in Hayots Dzor (Armenian Gorge) to the North from Lake Van.
The battle started and terrible clatter rang around. Hayk with a group of men of courage broke through Bel’s Army to the position on hill where Bel was standing with the group of his warriors. Bel was dressed in helmet from iron, copper plates on bosom and back, armour on legs and arms. He wielded double-edged sword and a very long pike.
Hayk went forward, hoisted his taut big bow and his three-head” arrow breached body of Bel between shoulders and pierced into ground. Bel fell Oat and died. His army was shattered and exiled from Armenia [20, p, 1923]. This battle was in 2492 BC. Hayk ordered to celebrate this day of victory each year and Armenian new calendar (HBT) started (see Item 1.18).
Armenian nation deified Kesar Hayk. The sculpture of Hayk in Yerevan with his big bow is shown in Fig. 63. After Hayk Armenian Kesar became his son Aramaniak. We can try to calculate approximate dates of life and activity of Torgom, Hayk, and others, using the following known data:
1. Aramaniak, son of Hayk, was born in Babylon,
2. Torgom was the third after lafet, son of Noah,
3. Bel was the third after Cam, son of Noah,
4. On the back way from Babylon Hayk stayed in Armenian place near Lake Van, built palace for Kadmos, son of Aramaniak,
5. The Hayk-Bel battle took place in 2492 BC. Besides we can suppose the following:
1. Torgom was 30 years old when Hayk was born (in 2544 BC),
2. Bel was for 15 years older than Hayk,
3. Aramaniak was 17 years old when Kadmos was born (in 2509 BC),
4. Kadmos became the Lord of Van land when he was 15 years old and in 2495 BC he was 17 years old,
5. Torgom, Hayk and Aramaniak, each of them lived 100 years. Using these known historical facts and our suppositions, we can now calculate and reival approximately, that:
1. Torgom was born in 2574 BC (and Bel – in 2559 BC),
2. Hayk was born in 2544 BC (when Torgom was 30 years old),
3. Hayk went to Babylon land in 2526 BC when he was 18 years old (at that time Torgom was 48 years old, and Bel – 33),
4. Hayk left Babylon in 2495 BC, when he was 49 years old (Torgom 79, Bel – 64). He was in Babylon and built Tower during 31 years,
5. Hayk returned to Armenia (at first in Van) in 2494 BC, when he was 50 years old (Torgom – 80, Bel – 65),
6. Hayk became the Kesar of Armenia in 2493 BC, when he was 51,
7. Bel with army left Babylon in 2493 BC, when he was 66 years old,
8. The Hayk – Bel’s battle was in 2492 BC, when Hayk was 52 years old (Torgom – 82, Bel- 67, Aramaniak – 34, Kadmos – 17),
9. Aramaniak was born in 2526 BC,
10.Kadmos was born in 2509 BC (when Aramaniak was 17 years old) and became the Lord of Van in 2494 BC, when he was 15 years old. These calculations are better to understand, beginning at the first from the last positions (10, 9).
Thus, we can also write: Torgom -life period 2574 – 2474 BC and King ? – 2493 BC, Hayk -life period 2544 – 2444 BC, Kesar 2493 – 2444 BC, Aramaniak -life 2526 – 2426 BC, Kesar 2444 – 2426 BC,
Kadmos -life 2509 – 2409 BC, Bel (Nebrot) -life 2559 – 2492 BC, Babylon Tower was in building during 2526 – 2495 BC. We can suppose also the following:
1. Hayk went to Egypt in about 2490 BC and built the Big Pyramid during about 10 years (perhaps, it was finished after Hayk’s departure). For his kindness and high knowledge he was deified by Egyptians, became the Pharaoh and founded the IV Dynasty of Egyptian Pharaohs.
He left Egypt in about 2480 BC and, perhaps, promised to Egyptians to return back. But he could not do it. So, maybe, Egyptians were waiting for him and identified him with the God Osiris, who periodically died and revived again. If all these took place, then it is understandable why in Big Pyramid nobody was buried whereas sarcophagus (also for his wife) was prepared.
2. After return to Armenia for one-two years Hayk in 2477 BC went to France (Bretain) and GB, where staying for about 10 years, founded simple observatories, the first simple variants of present Carnak in Bretain, Stonehenge in England, New-Grenge in Ireland and Callanish in Scotland.
They were almost similar to Carahunge in Armenia but later were rebuilt to the present condition, being used for other purposes (as cult). Besides Callanish which is similar to Carahunge until now (the word “Carenish” in Armenian means “Stone Sign”).
3. Hayk returned to Armenia in about 2467 BC, when he was about 77 years old. After his death (in about 2444 BC) the Kesar of Armenia became his son Aramaniak (until about 2426 BC).
An extract from the book “Armenians and Ancient Armenia” by Paris Herouni