Baku is the ancient city of Armenia, which was called Bakurakert. 80 years ago, only every fifth resident of Baku was Azerbaijani. Until the middle of the 20th century, Christians made up the majority of Baku’s population. Few people know, but the modern capital of Azerbaijan has never been an Azerbaijani city.
The city is named after the Armenian king Bakur, who ruled Greater Armenia in 160-164. Baku is the ancient historical city of Armenia, which was called Bakurakert.
Bakurakert (Bakurakert) is a town in the Marand region of the historical Vaspurakan region of Armenia, northeast of Lake Urmia.
According to a number of international researchers, Bakurakert was built by King Trdat I of Greater Armenia in honor of his brother Bakur I.
The city of Bakurakert was named after King Bakur I of Armenia. After his defeat in the war with the Parthians in 161, King Sohemos of Armenia fled to Rome, where he became a senator. Bakur I ascended the Armenian throne, receiving the crown of the king of Greater Armenia from the Parthian king Vologes III.
Sohemos did everything Rome could to wage war against Armenia, to restore the royal throne. The war became catastrophic for Armenia, its capital Artashat was destroyed.
Bakur remained on the throne until 163, after which he was conquered by the Romans and moved to Rome with his brother Mirdat, where he officially retained the title of “King of Armenia” until the end of his life.
It was originally a small settlement, it remained so until it joined Russia in the early 19th century. Only 2,000 people lived there when it joined Russia. Rapid construction of the city began in the mid-19th century. The whole city is built and developed by representatives of two peoples, Russians and Armenians.
The Azeris themselves, who at that time were called “Caucasian Tatars”, were only a labor force that practically did not participate in the creation of the architectural appearance of the city, the development of the oil industry or the life of culture and education of the city.
According to the tsarist census of the beginning of the 20th century, the city had the following religious composition. Christians – 60.1%, Muslims – 35.4%, Jews – 4.5% of them, by ethnicity. Russians – 35.5%, Azeris – 21.4%, Armenians – 20.1%
In 1918, Turkish troops invaded the city, which established the first Azerbaijani state in the capital, Baku.
This invasion was accompanied by the genocide of 30,000 Armenians and the genocide of 10,000 Russians. In 1921, the newly created Soviet Union of Azerbaijan took place in Baku with the capital. But most of Baku’s population remains Christian.
And only after the Great Patriotic War, for the first time in history, did the number of Muslims exceed the number of Christians. The process of pushing back the Christian population, mainly Armenians, begins.
It all ends in January 1990, when the last 200,000 Armenians fled the city during massacres and massacres. On January 20, 1990, Soviet troops entered the city, but there were no more Armenians in the city; the number of Russians decreased sevenfold.
After gaining independence in 1991, all references to the city’s true history were destroyed in Baku. Only Eastern Christian architecture reminds architectural experts of the former glory of this Christian city, bearing the name of King Bakur I of Ancient Armenia.
Unfortunately, the Caucasian barbarians destroyed everything that could be destroyed, so that God forbid that nothing be left of Armenians, Russians, Jews, or representatives of other nationalities, “tolerant Azerbaijan.”
By Moréna Other links on this topic: Aurelius Bakur – King of Great Armenia – Founder of Baku, Бакуракерт – Древний город Армении, Армения и её первые пределы из Древних порталов истории, Гавары Великой Армении