The Armenian Kingdom of
Cilicia was a feudal kingdom that existed from 1080 to 1375.
The inhabitants of
Cilicia were very freedom-loving and only nominally obeyed the Persians,
Seleucids, and from 63 BC the Romans. The Romans kept in submission only the
plain of Cilicia.
The Cilicians have always been distinguished by their courage and knack of the sea. Cilicia literally became a brothel of sea robbers, Cilician pirates, during the feuds between the Seleucids.
The rise of this Greek saying dates back to this time: “The three worst words beginning with the letter C are Cappadocians, Cretans, and Cilicians.”