Galinjakar Fortress, also known as Գալինաջաքար in Armenian, is an ancient fortress situated in the Tavush region of northeastern Armenia. It is located near the village of Berdavan (Բերդավան in Armenian), which is near Noyemberyan and just a short distance from the border with Azerbaijan.
The fortress dates back to the medieval period and was once an important defensive structure. It is situated on a hilltop, providing a strategic vantage point over the surrounding area. Although the exact date of construction is unknown, it is believed to have been built during the 10th-13th centuries. The fortress has been subject to various historical events, including battles and invasions, which have left their marks on the structure.
Galinjakar Fortress (Berdavan) may not be as large or imposing as some other fortresses in Armenia, such as Amberd, but it still holds significant historical and cultural value. Its smaller size does not diminish its importance or charm. The fortress has been relatively well-preserved, allowing visitors to experience its original form.
Perched on a hillock, Galinjakar (Berdavan) offers an excellent vantage point of the surrounding landscape. Its compact size and preserved condition provide a unique opportunity for visitors to gain insights into the architectural style and defensive strategies of the time when it was built. The fortress also stands as a testament to the skills of the Armenian builders and engineers during the medieval period.
Galinjakar Fortress over the centuries has faced destruction and damage due to various historical events, including invasions and conflicts.
In the mid-20th century, restoration efforts were undertaken to preserve and reconstruct the fortress. During the First Artsakh War, which took place between 1988 and 1994, Galinjakar Fortress was once again utilized for its original defensive purpose.
The fortress’s role in the First Artsakh War highlights its continued strategic importance even after centuries of changing political and military landscapes. Today, Galinjakar Fortress stands as a historical and cultural site, providing a glimpse into Armenia’s past and a testament to the resilience of its people.