The Lost Tales of Ancient Civilizations: How World Wars Shaped Our Understanding

In the early 20th century, a period marked by the catastrophic World Wars, a flurry of archaeological discoveries were emerging from the sands of Egypt and the ancient city-states of Sumeria. These findings, combined with rigorous academic scrutiny, were about to reshape our understanding of ancient history.

The Dawn of Modern Archaeology

The years following World War I witnessed dedicated excavations in Egypt and Sumeria, some of which were being explored systematically for the first time. The tales of old civilizations, their cultures, and mysterious connections began to unfold.

From Armenia to Egypt: An Ancient Connection

William Flinders Petrie, a prominent figure of this era, illuminated the connections between the Armenian Kingdom of Mitanni and Pharaonic Egypt. This connection suggested not just trade and political ties, but deeper cultural exchanges.

The Armenoid Theory

An even more captivating proposition was the “Armenoid Theory” or “Dynastic Race Theory.” Pioneered by scholars like Talbot David Rice, Elliot Smith, and Douglas E. Derry, this theory postulated that a distinct race, characterized by their unique skull shape, was responsible for establishing ancient cities not just in Egypt and Sumeria, but as far-reaching as Aryan-Europe and the Americas.

The Evolution of Terminology: A Reflection of Changing Times?

It’s intriguing to note the shift in terminology. Jan Czekanowski’s research illustrated how the term “Armenoid” was dominant until the 1940s. However, in the 1950s, following the culmination of World War II, the terminology shifted to “Anatolian.” Such transitions raise questions about the impact of global events on academic discourses.

Unearthing Forgotten Links: Armenia and America

Perhaps one of the most astonishing revelations is the potential ancient link between Armenia and America. Early maps like Otten’s from the 1700s displayed the word “AMERIC” near Van in Armenia. Ignatius Donnelly, in 1882, pointed to shared names for significant ancient cities between the two regions. Such connections seem absent in later texts like Khorenatsi’s 16th-century “History of Armenia.”

In Conclusion

The tumultuous times of the World Wars saw not just global conflicts but a revolution in understanding our past. However, it also raises questions about how much ancient literature and knowledge were lost amidst the chaos. The relationship between historical narratives, archaeological findings, and geopolitical shifts remains an ever-fascinating field of study.


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