The mosaic floor of the Ancient Artashat public bath

Until now, the royal bath of Garni with its mosaic floor was considered a singular gem in the context of ancient Armenian art. However, archaeological excavations conducted in the ancient Armenian capital of Artashat about a decade ago have uncovered another remarkable finding: a public bath adorned with a mosaic floor.

Artashat, once the beating heart of Armenia, was founded by King Artashes I in 176 BC. Over the centuries, it has been home to a rich tapestry of history and culture. The discovery of a mosaic in the bathhouse, after lying undiscovered for almost two millennia, marks a significant addition to our understanding of Artashat’s, and indeed Armenia’s, cultural and architectural legacy.

The mosaic’s intricate patterns and vivid colors offer a glimpse into the city’s past – a time when Artashat was a bustling hub of activity and a significant center of cultural exchange. Not only does this discovery provide evidence of the city’s architectural grandeur, but it also reflects the artistic prowess of the period, enriching our comprehension of ancient Armenian art.

This new find adds depth to the rich archaeological history of Artashat and reiterates the city’s importance as capital during ancient times. It also shines light on the advanced living standards of its inhabitants who had the privilege of using such a beautifully decorated public bath.

The mosaic floor of the Artashat public bath, like its counterpart in Garni, stands as a testament to the craftsmanship of Armenian artisans of the ancient era. It provides us with an invaluable opportunity to delve deeper into understanding the lifestyle, tastes, and artistic trends that shaped the culture of ancient Armenia. Each tiny piece of the mosaic, meticulously put together, forms a part of the larger picture that narrates the story of a civilization lost in the mists of time.

Vigen Avetisyan

Source of image: Gayane Ayvazyan Հայաստան Armenia Армения

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