Gaston Maspero (1846-1916) was a French Egyptologist who was the director-general of excavations and antiquities for the Egyptian government. He said the Hyksos who ruled Egypt for nearly six centuries, were Hittites who lived in Western Armenia.
While famed British scholar, poet, and novelist Robert Graves said the homeland of the Hyksos was the Armenian Highlands.
The first scholar to identify the Hyksos as Armenian was Mkhitarist Father Avker. He based his conclusion on the works of Hamlet Mardirossian who had studied pagan alphabets, mythology, linguistics, and rock carvings in Syunik.
Maspero said the following pharaohs were Hyxos-Armenian: Salatis, Pnon, Hian, Qar, and others. The Hyksos introduced horses and horse-driven chariots to Egypt. When the Hyksos were driven out of Egypt, they settled in Palestine.