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Historical Chronology of Armenian-Russian Relations

Historical Chronology

In 1722, Peter the Great urged the Armenians and Georgians to jointly struggle against the Turks and Persians. But two months later, he canceled his Caspian campaign and broke the promise of a joint struggle. On June 12, 1724, in Constantinople, Ibrahim Pasha and the Russian ambassador Neplyuev concluded an agreement, according to which the …

From the History of the Artsakh Movement – 1988

From the History of the Artsakh

On May 28, 1988, National Hero of the Republic of Armenia Movses Gorgisyan addressed the people during a rally held in Freedom Square with the following words: “People, I will show you one thing, don’t be afraid.” He raised the Yeraguyn (Armenian: եռագույն, Tricolor) – the national flag of Armenia. It was one of the …

“Turkish” Graffiti in Colombian Armenia

"Turkish" Graffiti in Colombian Armenia

Armenia is the capital of the Quindio Department in Colombia. A mural has recently appeared near the city council building, depicting a man in a Turkish costume from the Ottoman Empire period. This image, which has nothing to do with the history of the city, caused outrage among residents. The mural appeared after the mayor …

The First Victim of the Artsakh Movement in 1988

The First Victim

Journalist Khachik Zakaryan, who was shot by a Soviet officer at the Zvartnots airport in Yerevan, was the first victim of the Artsakh movement. On July 5, 1988, Soviet troops under the command of criminal general Makashov seized the Zvartnots airport. The purpose of the seizure was to suppress the strike of the airport workers …

Leo – “Tsarism incited attacks on Armenians”

Leo – "Tsarism Incited The Turks

“Tsarism did not direct its army against the Armenians, but it played with the raising awareness of the uneducated Turkish people, thereby inciting attacks on Armenians, their extermination, and seizure of Armenian property. These incitements are fully confirmed by the Turks themselves. It was also confirmed that the government itself handed out weapons to the …

Letter of Catholicos Gevorg to the Russian Command

Letter of Catholicos Gevorg

“I received information from my local representatives that the Russian victorious army not only does not assist the Armenians or protect them from violence but treats with complete indifference any problem relating to the protection of Christians, which allows the leaders of Kurdish tribes and Circassians to continue the exploitation of defenseless Christians scot-free. While …

Kars Fortress and Surb Arakelots Church

Kars Fortress and Surb Arakelots Church

Kars is the capital of the province of the same name. Among the special attractions of the province are Lake Çıldır, the ruins of Ani, and the ski resort of Sarygamysh. The fortress of Kars in accordance with the Paris Peace Treaty of 1855 was given to the Turks in exchange for Sevastopol, Balaklava, and …

There Was No Collapse of the Kingdom of Van (Urartu)

There Was No Collapse

On this high relief, the first king from the dynasty of Yervanduni Yervand I Sakavakyats (“short staying” due to his short reign) protects his son Tigran, and a warrior protects the king himself from the attack of the son-in-law of Nebuchadnezzar Nergal Sarasar. No such thing as the fall of Kingdom of Van (Urartu) has …

Old Quarters of Yerevan

Old Quarters of Yerevan

Before the reunification of Eastern Armenia with Russia, the territory of Yerevan was approximately thirty square kilometers, most of which were gardens and other green areas. At that time, Yerevan was divided into three main parts – Shahar (main city), Demir-Bulagh (Karhanq), and Kond. Cut off from the city, Nork spread on an eastern hill. …

Oleg Shestinsky On the Contribution of Armenians to World History

Oleg Shestinsky On the Contribution

Many national cultural centers — centers of social thought, education, science, art, and printing — were formed far beyond the borders of the historical homeland of the Armenian people. Nor Jugha, Istanbul, Calcutta, Madras, Moscow, Venice, Vienna, Marseille, Paris, Lviv, Astrakhan, Grigoriopol, and Nakhichevan-on-Don. This is not a complete list, but it also includes the …

The Unknown Aspects of Gabriel Sundukyan’s Talent

The Unknown Aspects

When Gabriel Sundukyan was exiled to Derbent, he did not give up and didn’t remain idle. Instead, he designed this beautiful church in the place of a small chapel at an Armenian cemetery. The Church of the Holy Savior in Derbent is protected by UNESCO. And we thought that Gabriel Sundukyan was exclusively a master …

Hakobavank Monastery – Artsakh, Armenia

Hakobavank Monastery – Artsakh, Armenia

The monastery of Hakobavank (literally “monastery of Hakob”) or Metsaranits is located in the Martakert district of Artsakh in 1.5 km from the village of Kolatak (the historic province of Mets Hayk, the province of Metsarank, later renamed to Lower Khachen). In historical chronicles, there is no information on the specific date of the establishment …