Author archives

Mikoyan & Co’s Telegram to Chicherin

Mikoyan & Co’s Telegram to Chicherin

Below is the text of the telegram from the chairman of the Azerbaijani Revolutionary Committee N. Narimanov, member of the Caucasian Regional Executive Committee Mdivani, member of the Central Committee of the Azerbaijani Communist Party A. Mikoyan, and member of the Armenian Communist Party’s Committee P. Nurijanyan to the People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs of …

Hamlik – The Third Son of Hovhannes Tumanyan

Hamlik – The Third Son

In this publication, we will present some information about the third son of the great Armenian poet Hovhannes Tumanyan Amlik, who, like the eldest son of the poet Mushegh, became a victim of the Bolshevik repression. Hamlik Tumanyan, according to the database of 1917-1991 repression victims posted online by the international organization “Memorial”, was sentenced …

The Value System of the Armenian Warrior – Armen Ayvazyan

The Value System of the Armenian Warrior

In 384, Sparapet Manvel Mamikonyan on his deathbed, transferring to his son Artashir “the power of the house owner and the position of commander-sparapet”, told him: “With joy accept death for the Country of Armenia like your brave ancestors.” (Pavstos Buzand, “History of Armenia”, Yerevan, 1953, book 5, chapter 44) This order of the commander-in-chief …

Mushegh – The Eldest Son of Hovhannes Tumanyan

Mushegh – The Eldest Son of Hovhannes Tumanyan

In 2017, in the house-museum of the great Armenian poet Hovhannes Tumanyan, the open-air exhibition “Khavarum” (“Eclipse”) was held. At the exhibition, the innocent victims of the Bolshevik terror were represented, including three of Tumanyan’s four sons. Today, a lot is said about the concept of “nation-army”. Hovhannes Tumanyan followed this concept with a personal …

Legran’s Letter to Chicherin About the Need to Encourage the Turks at The Expense of Armenia

Legran's Letter to Chicherin

The letter of the plenipotentiary representative of the RSFSR in Armenia Boris Legran was preceded by the surrender of Karabakh, Zangezur, and Nakhichevan by official Azerbaijan, as well as Stalin’s pompous message concerning “the once and for all solved Armenian problem.” Stalin’s message, in particular, stated: “The centuries-old enmity between Armenia and the neighboring Muslims …

A Photo of The Family Members of Hovhannes Tumanyan

A Photo of The Family Members

This photo depicts the members of the family of the outstanding Armenian poet Hovhannes Tumanyan. From left to right are his sons Artashes, Artavazd, and Hamlik Tumanyan. This photo was taken in Tiflis in 1915. The younger son of Hovhannes Tumanyan Artashes was killed in the Battle of Arkhava near Batumi in January 1916. The …

The Judiciary of the First Republic of Armenia

Finance, Trade, and Industry

From the point of view of legal proceedings, Armenia was subordinate to Tiflis until 1918. In Armenia, there was only one district court and several magistrates’ courts. A court of cassation did not exist as well. Legal proceedings were carried out in Russian. After the declaration of independence, the Ministry of Justice of Armenia was …

The Ancient Armenian Proto-Hayk Calendar

The Ancient Armenian Proto-Hayk Calendar

“There is direct evidence of the existence of the proto-Hayk calendar,” said Ph.D. in astrophysics and calendar scientist Grigor Brutyan. “In antiquity, calendar studies in Armenia were considered to be a rather rare specialty. Moreover, it was highly respected. But how much do we know about this science and its origins?” “Let’s start with the …

Dzoragyugh – The Oldest District of Yerevan

Dzoragyugh – The Oldest District of Yerevan

This photograph taken at the beginning of the 20th century shows the gorge of the Hrazdan River, the lower and upper parts of Dzoragyugh, the church of Surb Sargis, and the buildings adjoining the residence of the bishop. French traveler Jean Chardin, who visited in Yerevan in 1673 before the powerful earthquake of 1679, presented …

Education in the First Republic of Armenia

Education in the First Republic of Armenia

In the first half of 1920, the overall situation of the Republic of Armenia was at least satisfactory. In 1918, after the departure of the Turks, the educational process in Armenia was razed or operated only occasionally. School buildings for varying time were provided to shelters and refugees as hostels. In some places, hunger and …

There Is No Second Garegin Nzhdeh In The World

There Is No Second Garegin Nzhdeh

Try to find in the Armenian history or in the history of mankind a hero with an identity with Garegin Nzhdeh. The invincible commander, the magnificent philosopher, the founder of an ideology, the creator of a state, a brilliant orator – this is not a complete list of merits pressed into the great heart of …