Author archives

The Flower Festival Tsaghkazard in Ancient Armenia

The Flower Festival Tsaghkazard

The festival of flowers in ancient Armenia, Tsaghkazard, was celebrated according to the ancient sacred calendar of Hayk in the month of Aekan on the day of Lusnak (May 13). The holiday of flowers was and is a holiday of nature’s prosperity, a holiday of solstices. On the night before the holiday, the constellation of …

Adana – History of the Historical Armenian City

Adana – History

Modern Adana is among the ranks of the developing cities in Turkey. It is unlikely that its current residents know the true history of the city which was one of the main settlements of Cilicia and until the 1930s played an exceptional role in the lives of the Armenians of Cilicia. Even after the massacres, …

In Memory of Armenian Warrior Sarkis Hatspanyan

In Memory of Armenian Warrior

One of the most legendary photographs of the Karabakh war depicts an Armenian warrior and an Azerbaijani grandmother. This photo was taken at the very beginning of April 1993. On the photo are a repatriate from France Sarkis Hatspanyan and 81 years old Sheikh Khanum. On March 27, 1993, the Armenian troops launched an operation …

The Special Armenian Shock Division of Andranik Ozanyan

The Special Armenian Shock Division

The Special Shock Division, otherwise known as the Special Armenian Infantry Division, the Armenian Special Division, or the Western Armenian Division, was an irregular military unit under the command of Andranik Ozanyan consisting mainly of Armenians. The Special Shock Division was formed on December 22, 1917, by order of the Russian commander-in-chief in the Caucasus …

Sebastia – Ancient Capital of Lesser Armenia

Sebastia – Ancient Capital

The city of Sebastia (today Sivas, central Turkey) was founded in the 1st century BC in the province of Lesser Armenia of the Pontic Empire. Under Emperor Diocletian, Sebastia became the capital of Lesser Armenia at the end of the 3rd century. From the beginning of the 5th century, it has been the capital of …

The World Atlas of Theodore Duvotenay with Ancient Armenia

The World Atlas of Theodore Duvotenay

Greater and Lesser Armenian regions are visible on the world atlas of Theodore Duvotenay drawn in Paris in 1838. The borders of Armenia extend from the Caspian Sea to the Black and Mediterranean Seas. Lesser Armenia also includes Gamirk (Cappadocia) and Cilicia. These regions, as part of Armenia, are mentioned in the “History of Armenia” …

The Mass Exodus and its Consequences for the Fate of Armenian Karabakh – 1806

The Mass Exodus and its Consequences

The process of changing the ethnic composition in historic Armenian territories affected Karabakh (Artsakh) later than other Armenian lands since the Karabakh meliks (princes) had retained their semi-independent position within the Persian state. The attitude of Persia towards the Armenians was fundamentally different from that of the Ottoman authorities in Western Armenia and the newly-arrived …