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The Bottled Beer Business of Harutyun Avetyants – 1892

The Bottled Beer Business of Harutyun Avetyants – 1892

When the production of bottled beer began in the Russian Empire in the 1890s, many breweries were opened in the Caucasus, including in Armenia – namely, in Yerevan, Alexandropol (Gyumri), and Kars.  Armenian producers received high-quality barley – raw materials for making beer – mainly from the Kars region. In Yerevan, the first bottled beer …

Oromosavank – The Tomb of Armenian Kings

Oromosavank – The Tomb of Armenian Kings

The monastery complex Oromosavank or Khoshavank is one of the most outstanding examples of Armenian architecture of the 10th-11th centuries. It is located in the territory of modern Turkey, in the Kars Province, 15 kilometers northeast of the medieval capital of Armenia Ani, on the right bank of the Akhuryan River, in a closed border …

Demolition of Armenian Churches in Turkey

Demolition of Armenian Churches in Turkey

Of the more than 2.5 thousand churches, only 6 operational churches and not a single monastery have survived to date. In the territory known since the 13th century as the possession of the Ottomans, Armenians were the indigenous people, especially in the area that is today called Eastern Anatolia. But even now, after 800 years, …

In the Nooks of History – Levon VI Lusignan

In the Nooks of History - Levon VI Lusignan

On April 16, 1375, Mamelukes and Karamans captured the city of Sis, the capital of Armenian Cilicia. Among the prisoners were also King Levon VI Lusignan, members of his family, Catholicos Poghos, and numerous princes. Thus, 1375 is considered the year of the fall of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. After the fall of Sis, …

How an Ottoman Pasha Paid Tribute to Mkhitar Sparapet

How an Ottoman Pasha Paid Tribute to Mkhitar Sparapet

In 1728, David Bek died from a long illness in Halidzor. He died at home in the town of Kapan in Syunik Province in peacetime after serving as commander-in-chief of Armenia for six years. After his death, the Armenian military leaders chose Mkhitar Sparapet as commander-in-chief of the Armenian troops. In 1729, the Ottoman army …

In 2017, An Israeli Tourist Family Preferred Armenia to Europe

In Armenia, Israeli tourists were pleasantly surprised by mountain landscapes, Lake Sevan, delicious food, and aromatic wine. “Armenians are very hospitable, polite. Most importantly, they speak Russian, so there are no language barriers, which is important for a tourist. You have very educated and beautiful young people,” said Oleg Baron in a conversation with “Armenia.” …

Operation “Nemesis” – Heroic Page of Armenian History

Operation "Nemesis"

Operation Nemesis is a heroic page in Armenian history and the national liberation struggle. Named after the goddess of vengeance Nemesis, this operation initiated by the Armenian Dashnaktsutyun party was aimed at assassinating the leaders of the Ottoman Empire involved in the Armenian Genocide. During the operation, some leaders of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic were …

Spring Yerevan with Rosy Armen and Aram Khachaturian

Spring Yerevan with Rosy Armen

A popular singer in the 1960s and 70s, Armenian-born singer Rosy Armen (born on May 1, 1939) was born and raised in France. Her parents had moved to Paris after the Armenian Genocide. Rosy’s father Khurshud Hovhannisyan was from Nakhichevan, while her mother Nvard Alozian was born in the suburbs of Ankara. At various times, …

The Etchmiadzin Cathedral

The Etchmiadzin Cathedral

The city of Etchmiadzin (officially Vagharshapat) is located not far from Yerevan. This is a place revered by Armenians from all over the world since the center of the Armenian Apostolic Church is located here. Etchmiadzin was founded in the first half of the 2nd century AD on the site of the ancient settlement of …

The Ancient Armenian State of Nairi

The Ancient Armenian State of Nairi

Nairi was an Armenian state which formed after the unification of Armenian tribes in the struggle against Assyria. In the ancient cuneiform tablets of that time, the king of Nairi was also often called the king of the Ararat kingdom. Thus, the term “Ararat kingdom” – or the Kingdom of Van (Urartu) – has been …

How Soviet Russia Armed Turkey in 1919

hundred years ago, in 1919, our region experienced difficult days. The civil wars in Turkey and Russia were becoming a threat to Armenia. In 1919, two governments operated in Turkey. One of them was the internationally recognized government of the Ottoman Sultan stationed in Constantinople (Istanbul) and the second was the government of Mustafa Kemal …