Category «Antiquities»

A Temple Or A Tomb? The Garni Temple

A Temple Or A Tomb? The Garni Temple

The Temple of Garni (Armenian: Գառնիի հեթանոսական տաճար, Gařnii het’anosakan tačar) is a reconstructed classical Hellenistic temple near Garni, Armenia. It is the only “Greco-Roman colonnaded building” in Armenia and the entire former Soviet Union. It is the best-known structure and symbol of pre-Christian Armenia. Probably built by King Tiridates I in the first century …

How King Artashes I Made Satenik His Queen

How King Artashes I Made Satenik His Queen

During the reign of King Artashes I (reigned 190/189 BC – 160/159 BC) also referred to as King Artaxias I, a nation called the Alans united with all the people of the mountain country took possession half of Georgia, then they set out to invade the Kingdom of Greater Armenia. To defend his kingdom Artashes …

Tigran the Great VS The Roman Empire

Tigran the Great VS The Roman Empire

A fascinating lecture, given by Professor George Bournoutian at the National Association of Armenian Studies and Research Center regarding the rise of Tigran The Great and his rivalry with the Roman Empire. Tigranes II, more commonly known as Tigranes the Great (140 – 55 BC) was King of Armenia under whom the country became, for …

Artashat is the capital of Ancient Armenia

Artashat (aka Artaxata) was the capital of Ancient Armenia from 176 BCE and remained so for over 300 years of the kingdom’s history. Located just south of Armenia’s modern capital Yerevan, according to the ancient historian Plutarch, the city‘s original fortifications were planned by the Carthaginian general Hannibal. The city would need all the defences it could muster as it was …

Mamikonian Dynasty

Mamikonian Dynasty

The Mamikonians were a powerful clan group who were influential in Armenian political and military affairs from the 1st century BCE onwards. They rose to particular prominence from c. 428 CE to 652 CE in the half of Armenia ruled by the Sasanian Empire when marzpan viceroys represented the Persian king. One of the dynasty’s most famous figures is Vardan Mamikonian …

Mount Nemrut – Armenian Pantheon of Gods

Mount Nemrut – Armenian Pantheon of Gods

The Armenian Pantheon of Gods was erected by the king of Commagene, named Antiochus I Theos c. 86 BC – 38 BC, ruled 70 BC – 38 BC. Antiochus I Theos was the son of of King Mithridates I Callinicus and Queen Laodice VII Thea of Commagene from the Armenian Orontid Dynasty. Beyond the line …

Early Manuscript Maps Of Anania Shirakatsi

Early Manuscript Maps

The earliest Armenian geographic work is the seventh-century manuscript entitled Ashkharhatsuyts (Mirror of the World), penned most probably by the Armenian mathematician, scientist, and geographer Anania Shirakatsi (Anania of Shirak). This work was originally attributed to the fifth-century Armenian historian Movses Khorenatsi, but research has shown that it most probably belongs to the pen of Shirakatsi. …

Why are Armenians the only people on the planet that still use the Enochian/Atlantean/Anakim or the pre-flood civilizations language and letters today?

Why are Armenians the only people on the planet that still use the Enochian/Atlantean/Anakim or the pre-flood civilizations language and letters today?

One of the greatest lies that the “Empire” had applied to Armenian literature over the centuries is that Mesrob Mashtots created or “rediscovered” Armenian letters a few centuries after Christ. The Crusades were more than just a battle between Christianity and Islam. That was a time when world history had changed for ever. Why did …

King Arsames I of Sophene – Ancient Armenia

King Arsames I of Sophene - Ancient Armenia

King Arsames I of Sophene (Ծոփք) was an Armenian vassal king during the Seleucids. He was descended from the Orontid dynasty who had ruled Armenia as satraps both under the Persians, and later under Alexander the Great, and then his Hellenistic successors. As the Seleucids grew weaker, His father Samos (275-255 BC) had proclaimed himself …

Hurri – Mitani – Ansient Armenian State

Hurri - Mitani - Ansient Armenian State

In the 14th -15th centuries BC the chieftains (kings) and nobles of the Hurri-Armenian tribe of Mitani (Mittani,Mitanni) living in the south of the Armenian Highland between Lake Van and the Zagros mountains could consolidate a number of the Hurri-Armenian tribes small and middle state formations and establish the State of Mitani which was the …

Yerevan is 6000 years old

Yerevan is 6000 years old

Shengavit settlement is a well explored monument of the early Bronze Age of the Armenian Highlands. It is situated in the south-western part of Yerevan, on the left bank of the Hrazdan , on the eastern mountainous bank of nowadays Yerevanian Lake. The exploration of Shengavit by the archaeologists began from 1936 (E.Bayburdyan, S. Sardaryan, …

The Bronze Age of Armenia – Solar System Model

The Bronze Age of Armenia - Solar System Model

Archaeologists discovered the unique bronze model of the Solar system dated back 12-11th centuries BC in Sevan basin Armenia, in the 1950s. This is one of the oldest geocentric Solar system models preserved till nowadays. One can find a diverse range of rock inscriptions and drawings of celestial bodies and stars all over the territory of Armenia. Astronomical …

Ancient Armenian Calendar Structure

Ancient Armenian Calendar Structure

Ancient Armenian calendar (“Hin Haykakan Tomar”) starts from the victory of Hayk Nahapet (Hayk the Patriarch) over Babylonian king Bel in 2,492 BC, thus marking birth of the Armenian nation. The Armenian History Museum preserves a unique bronze belt dated late 2000s – early 1000s BC with engravings of the Sun, the Moon, different animals, …

About the rise of the name of Yerevan

About the rise of the name of Yerevan

Yerevan is one of the oldest cities in the world. The archeological excavations made in its territory, show that the human lived here thousands years ago. It is important to note, that the territory of Yerevan has been inhabited uninterruptedly. The researches showed, that a lot of settlements had arised in different periods and for …

Armenia: Cradle of Creation and Civilization

Armenia: Cradle of Creation and Civilization

Armenia is one of the oldest centers of civilization. The centuries‐old traces of material culture, myths and legends, geographical and personal names reveal that Armenians are the natives of the Armenian Highland; they are indigenious who lived there since the dawn of humanity. Greek historians Herodotus (5th century B.C.), Xenophones (5 th century B.C.), Strabo …