Category «Antiquities»

Astronomical Knowledge In Ancient Armenia

Astronomical Knowledge

Prehistoric settlement 30 kilometers from Yerevan, in the center of the fertile Ararat valley at the head of the Metsamor River, a five thousand years old settlement was found after years of archaeological excavations. But the most interesting findings were unearthed on the rocks surrounding the Metsamor settlement. One of them in about 200 meters …

Seven Monuments of Ancient Yerevan

Seven Monuments of Ancient Yerevan

Yerevan, the current and latest capital of the Armenian Highlands, houses a number of ancient historical and cultural monuments. The historical events of modern Yerevan are crucial for filling the open pages of the history of Armenian culture. Here, we can observe various cultures created over millennia from the most ancient times to the present …

The Spiritual Concept Of The Zvartnots Temple

The Spiritual Concept Of The Zvartnots Temple

Zvartnots has been copied more than once. Temples like it have been built in many other parts of Armenia. In addition, a Byzantine Emperor has also expressed a desire to build a similar creation for himself, though it’s unclear whether he has done so. There are three Armenian fruits that occupy a central position in …

Are Pre-Christian Armenian Books Lost Without A Trace?

Are Pre-Christian Armenian Books Lost

The postulate has become quite strong in Armenia that priestly and generally pre-Christian books have been lost completely and irrevocably. Of course, the struggle of Christianity and paganism was accompanied by the demolition of pagan temples and led to the fact that the last pagan krmapet (high priest), Arzan, actually declared war on Grigor Lusavorich …

How Did The Armenians Live In Babylon

How Did The Armenians Live In Babylon

Few people have ever wondered about how Armenians had lived in Babylon. And yet, their life and activity in Babylon had been quite remarkable. Armenians played a significant role in Babylon. The trade of Armenians with Babylon has been mentioned more than once by Greek authors. Herodotus described in detail how the Armenians on willow …

The Development Of Mathematical Knowledge In Ancient Armenia

Palaces and fortresses, roads and temples, bridges and irrigation systems built thousands of years ago testify to the development of mathematical knowledge in ancient Armenia. There is no doubt that in the educational institutions of Armenia, mathematics and natural sciences have been taught from ancient times. In the 5th century, the simplest fractions were known …

Medieval Map Of Armenia – Tabula Chorographica Armenica

https://allinnet.info/antiquities/medieval-map-of-armenia/

This large map from Tabula Chorographica Armenica (Constantinople 1691), a luxurious guide for elite traders and scholars, demonstrates the expansion of the Armenian Church at the end of the 17th century. Almost eight hundred objects are illustrated on the map, including large Armenian church centers – the Catholicosate of Etchmiadzin, Gandzasar, Aghtamar, Cilicia, and the …

Abagar – Amulet For Southern Slavs From King Abgar

Abagar (from “Abagarus” in honor of the legendary King Augar Ukkama, King of Osroene) is a printed and engraved amulet and prayer book made for Bulgarians and Serbs in the 17th-18th centuries. Abagar contains prayers, apocryphal conspiracies, gospel readings, and the apocryphal message of King Avgar to Jesus Christ. Abagar could be mounted to walls …

Abgar Tokhatetsi – The Second Armenian Book Printer

Abgar Tokhatetsi

After Hakob Meghapart’s contribution to the birth of Armenian printing in 1512 in Venice, Abgar Tokhatetsi undertook to further develop Armenian book publishing. This happened in the middle of the same century in the same city. Abgar Dpir (“teacher”) Tokhatetsi was the second Armenian book printer after Hakob Meghapart. He was born around 1520 in …

Vorotnavank Monastery – Religious Center of Armenia

Vorotnavank Monastery

Medieval Armenian monasteries are an integral element of the Armenian landscape – they are merging with the mountains in such a way that they cannot be distinguished from afar. Position, proportions, color – all fit the local landscape. Vorotnavank located near the town of Sisian, Syunik Province, is one of the creations of Armenian architectonics …

Five Kings of Ancient Armenia Named Tigran

Five Kings of Ancient Armenia

In ancient Armenia, there were 5 kings bearing the name Tigran: 1) Tigran Yervanduni (reigned in 560 BC – 535 BC), the son of Yervand I Sakavakyats. King of Armenia. 2) Tigran I of Armenia (reigned in 115 BC – 95 BC), the son of Artashes I. King of Greater Armenia. 3) Tigran II the …

Artavazik Church – Byurakan, Armenia

Artavazik Church – Byurakan, Armenia

Artavazik Church is located in the gorge near the village of Byurakan, Armenia. Built in the 7th century from red and black tuff, the church has a cross-domed construction. The eastern wing is semicircular, while the rest are rectangular. On the northwest side is a small aisle. The west entrance is decorated with a portal …

The Heritage of the Kingdom of Van

The Heritage of the Kingdom of Van

During excavations of the fortress city of Erebuni in the early 70s, silver bowls with figures of a warrior and a horse were discovered along with a bronze cauldron lid with a small handle in the shape of a flowering pomegranate. According to archaeologists, these finds belong to the era of the Van Kingdom (6th …

Makanakhagh – Ancient Armenian game

Makanakhagh – Ancient Armenian game

Makanakhagh is one of the oldest games of the Armenian people, and it’s quite popular even today. The first mentions of this game date back to the 4th century. One variant of the game is on foot, the other is equestrian. The basic rules for dismounted Makanakhagh (currently more popular) are similar to modern football …

Khoranashat Monastery – Chinari, Armenia

Khoranashat Monastery – Chinari, Armenia

Khoranashat Monastery is located northeast of the village of Chinari in the Tavush Province of Armenia. It was founded by Vanakan Vardapet (archimandrite Vanakan) with the support of the Vahramyan princes in the first half of the 13th century. The monastery complex includes the churches of Surb Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God) and Surb Kiraki …