Category «Antiquities»

Abgar Tokhatetsi – The Second Armenian Book Printer

Abgar Tokhatetsi

After Hakob Meghapart’s contribution to the birth of Armenian printing in 1512 in Venice, Abgar Tokhatetsi undertook to further develop Armenian book publishing. This happened in the middle of the same century in the same city. Abgar Dpir (“teacher”) Tokhatetsi was the second Armenian book printer after Hakob Meghapart. He was born around 1520 in …

Vorotnavank Monastery – Religious Center of Armenia

Vorotnavank Monastery

Medieval Armenian monasteries are an integral element of the Armenian landscape – they are merging with the mountains in such a way that they cannot be distinguished from afar. Position, proportions, color – all fit the local landscape. Vorotnavank located near the town of Sisian, Syunik Province, is one of the creations of Armenian architectonics …

Five Kings of Ancient Armenia Named Tigran

Five Kings of Ancient Armenia

In ancient Armenia, there were 5 kings bearing the name Tigran: 1) Tigran Yervanduni (reigned in 560 BC – 535 BC), the son of Yervand I Sakavakyats. King of Armenia. 2) Tigran I of Armenia (reigned in 115 BC – 95 BC), the son of Artashes I. King of Greater Armenia. 3) Tigran II the …

Artavazik Church – Byurakan, Armenia

Artavazik Church – Byurakan, Armenia

Artavazik Church is located in the gorge near the village of Byurakan, Armenia. Built in the 7th century from red and black tuff, the church has a cross-domed construction. The eastern wing is semicircular, while the rest are rectangular. On the northwest side is a small aisle. The west entrance is decorated with a portal …

The Heritage of the Kingdom of Van

The Heritage of the Kingdom of Van

During excavations of the fortress city of Erebuni in the early 70s, silver bowls with figures of a warrior and a horse were discovered along with a bronze cauldron lid with a small handle in the shape of a flowering pomegranate. According to archaeologists, these finds belong to the era of the Van Kingdom (6th …

Makanakhagh – Ancient Armenian game

Makanakhagh – Ancient Armenian game

Makanakhagh is one of the oldest games of the Armenian people, and it’s quite popular even today. The first mentions of this game date back to the 4th century. One variant of the game is on foot, the other is equestrian. The basic rules for dismounted Makanakhagh (currently more popular) are similar to modern football …

Khoranashat Monastery – Chinari, Armenia

Khoranashat Monastery – Chinari, Armenia

Khoranashat Monastery is located northeast of the village of Chinari in the Tavush Province of Armenia. It was founded by Vanakan Vardapet (archimandrite Vanakan) with the support of the Vahramyan princes in the first half of the 13th century. The monastery complex includes the churches of Surb Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God) and Surb Kiraki …

Kecharis Monastery – Tsaghkadzor, Armenia

Kecharis Monastery – Tsaghkadzor, Armenia

Kecharis Monastery is located in the northwestern area of Tsaghkadzor, on the terrace of the slope of the Pambak Range. The monastery features 3 monastery churches, as well as the small Church of the Resurrection standing nearby, surrounded by ancient tombstones. In the 12th-13th centuries, the monastery served as a major spiritual center of Armenia …

Zenobia, Queen of Greater Armenia, in European Works of Art

Zenobia, Queen of Greater Armenia

A number of famous European artists of the 17-19th centuries dedicated numerous paintings to Queen Zenobia of Armenia (1st century AD). Aside from that, she was featured in several operas. For example, composer George Frideric Handel wrote the opera Radamisto where the main characters of the opera were the rulers of Greater Armenia who lived …

Aratta in Sumerian Mythology

Aratta in Sumerian Mythology

The ancient state of Aratta is identified with the Cucuteni–Trypillia culture. According to another point of view, “Aratta” is distorted “Ararat” or “Urartu.” Researchers have also proposed identifying a Sanskrit toponym mentioned in the Mahabharata and other texts with Aratta. In Sumerian literature, Aratta is described as follows: “Wisdom and art ‘descended’ from the country …