Category «Antiquities»

Karahunj – The Temple And Tower Of The Sun

Karahunj – The Temple And Tower

Geologist Hovhannes Azizbekyan, a convinced follower of the theory that Karahunj was also an observatory, explained his opinion. According to him, Karahunj was one of the sacred temples of the ancient Armenian faith. And, like all the ancient temples of the Armenian Highlands, Karahunj was also a large scientific center and served as an observatory. …

Linguistic Map Of Gottfried Hensel From 1689

Linguistic Map Of Gottfried Hensel

Four copper maps authored by Gottfried Hensel were issued in Nuremberg in 1741. These maps clearly show the continents along with phrases in different languages, indicating the languages that were spoken in each area by native peoples. Gottfried Hensel was a German linguist in the field of comparative linguistics. He has worked as a rector …

Tmkaberd – One Of The Wonders Of Javakhk

Tmkaberd – One Of The Wonders Of Javakhk

Tmuk, Tmbuk, Tmogvi, or Tmkaberd was a medieval fortress on the left bank of the Kura River in the district of Upper Javakhk, Gugark Province, Greater Armenia. Currently, it is located in the Aspindza (Aspnyak) region of Georgia. The fortress occupies three hills and used to be surrounded by 150 meters long and 3 meters …

The Medieval Armenian Monastery Of Khtskonk

The Medieval Armenian Monastery

Khtskonk is a 9th-century medieval Armenian monastery near the village of Digor (formerly Tekor) in about 25 km from Ani (now in Turkey). It is now almost completely in ruins due to the action and inaction of the Turkish authorities. Organically combined with the surrounding mountain landscape, the monastery has been distinguished by artistic unity. …

Forgotten Ancient Hittite City In Historical Armenia

Forgotten Ancient Hittite City

The 3500 years old Hittite sarissa discovered in archaeological excavations in the Altinya region of Sebastia, Historical Armenia, has recorded history and secrets that have not yet been fully revealed – like many other fragments of cultural heritage in Historical Armenia. The first written agreement between the Hittites and Egyptians was concluded in this ancient …

The Tslik Amram Fortress – Tavush, Armenia

The Tslik Amram Fortress

The medieval Tavush Fortress (also often called Tslik Amram) is lying on the outskirts of the town of Berd, Tavush Province, Armenia. Historical sources mention that since the beginning of the 15th century, this fortress has served as the residence of the governors of the Armenian king Ashot the Iron. In the 10th-11th centuries, the …

Thapsaachi Haya – The Sacred Rock Of The Khakas People

Thapsaachi Haya

Tapsaachi haya (“Talking rock”) is a sacred ancestral location for the Khakas people, as well as an entire complex of mythology, culture, and history. It was a place of spiritual and sacred attraction for many people living nearby. Mountain sacrifices were made there as well. At the sacrificial ceremonies, Khakas would ask for protection against …

Armenian Scientists In The Byzantine Empire

The university in the Magnaura Palace in Constantinople reopened in the 9th century has been a remarkable phenomenon in the scientific life of Byzantium. The patron of the university was Vard Mamikonyan, brother of queen Irina. Byzantine Emperor Michael III (of Armenian descent) has appointed Vard the head of the Byzantine government. As historian Theophanes …