Category «Antiquities»

Goshavank – The Khachkar of Master Poghos

One of the works of master Poghos, a khachkar (cross-stone) of astounding beauty, is kept in Goshavank. Goshavank (Monastery of Gosh) is located in the village of Gosh, in the picturesque mountains of Tavush Province, Armenia. Armenian scholar and priest Mkhitar Gosh was the one who initiated the construction of this fine architectural complex. Among …

The Ashkharhs of Greater Armenia

The Ashkharhs of Greater Armenia

Ancient Armenia consisted of administrative units called “ashkharhs” (“world” in Armenian), which could be deemed analogous to modern states. Each of the ashkharhs had broad self-management capabilities. Essentially, an ashkharh was an autonomous monarchy with its own ruling dynasty, culture, cuisine, traditions, and dialect of the Armenian language. The significant differences in the traditions and …

Tamerlane and Geghard Monastery – The Legend of the Spear of Destiny

Tamerlane and Geghard Monastery

A 14th-century Turco-Mongol conqueror Tamerlane has achieved outstanding military success, conquering vast territories. However, he was yet to conquer Armenia. And thereby, he decided to invade this country of mountains. Upon arriving at the Garni Gorge, Tamerlane ordered to set up a camp and sent scouts to investigate the surroundings. In the morning, one of …

Armenia on Medieval Hand-Drawn Maps

Armenia on Medieval Hand-Drawn Maps

Maps are crucial in helping us shape history. They contribute to the understanding of the political development of the ancient and modern worlds, as well as reflect international relations on certain stages of the evolution of states and empires. Ruben Galchyan’s catalog “Armenia in world cartography” is a fine collection of antique maps of Armenia. …

Armenian Traces in Scandinavian Mythology

Armenian Traces in Scandinavian Mythology

In 1222 – 1225, Icelandic historian, poet, and politician Snorri Sturluson wrote his book “Edda” consisting of Scandinavian myths and tales. This book has long been considered a fruit of the author’s mind, having no historical basis. However, in 1643, Icelandic bishop Sveinsson discovered an ancient manuscript with songs about deities and heroes that strongly …

Armenia in World Cartography – Ruben Galchyan

Armenia in World Cartography

The second edition of the book “Armenia in world cartography” was published at the initiative of Archbishop Yezras Nersisyan, the head of the Nakhichevan-on-Don diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church, and thanks to the support of Vartan Vartanov. This undertaking was blessed by Catholicos of all Armenians Garegin II: “From the religious center of the …

Armenia on Ancient Maps of the World

Armenia on Ancient Maps of the World

“Armenia in world cartography” is a unique collection of geographic maps and their descriptions, spanning from times immemorial to modern days. They represent the geographical features of Armenia, political events, as well as regional relations. Map 1 This map was taken from Ptolemy’s “Geography” published in Strasburg in 1513. It was drawn by Martin Waldseemüller …

Haghpat Monastery – Inspiring by Its Endurance

Haghpat Monastery – Inspiring by Its Endurance

A wonderful article published by the Wall Street Journal in 2012 describes some of the Armenian sacred sites. The article was authored by Dennis K. Berman. Haghpat is one of the world’s greatest yet one of the least explored religious shrines. Millions of tourists every year gather to the routine splendor of Rome and Jerusalem. …

The Secret of Armenia’s Endurance

The Secret of Armenia’s Endurance

The Armenian nation is one of the most ancient civilizations that have survived over centuries until today, though the Armenians haven’t had an independent country for large parts of their history. Due to this, the Armenians gave particular importance to their spoken and written word, which in fact were the means that allowed the Armenian …

Geghard – The Monastery of Spear, Armenia

Geghard – The Monastery of Spear, Armenia

Geghard Monastery (Armenian: Գեղարդ, meaning “spear”) is a remarkable architectural site situated in Kotayk Province of Armenia. A significant share of its uniqueness lies in the fact that it has been partially carved out of the adjacent mountain. No surprise that the monastery is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The monastery has been …