Category «Antiquities»

Sebastia – Ancient Capital of Lesser Armenia

Sebastia – Ancient Capital

The city of Sebastia (today Sivas, central Turkey) was founded in the 1st century BC in the province of Lesser Armenia of the Pontic Empire. Under Emperor Diocletian, Sebastia became the capital of Lesser Armenia at the end of the 3rd century. From the beginning of the 5th century, it has been the capital of …

The World Atlas of Theodore Duvotenay with Ancient Armenia

The World Atlas of Theodore Duvotenay

Greater and Lesser Armenian regions are visible on the world atlas of Theodore Duvotenay drawn in Paris in 1838. The borders of Armenia extend from the Caspian Sea to the Black and Mediterranean Seas. Lesser Armenia also includes Gamirk (Cappadocia) and Cilicia. These regions, as part of Armenia, are mentioned in the “History of Armenia” …

The Ancient Capital Yervandashat – Armenia

The Ancient Capital Yervandashat – Armenia

Yervandashat was once a populous city located at the confluence of the Western Arpachay (Akhurian) River with the Araks. Having been the second capital of ancient Armenia after Armavir, it was founded by the last representative of the Yervanduni dynasty King Yervand III in 229 BC. According to Armenian historian Movses Kaghankatvatsi, the city was …

A Necklace From Ancient Armenia

A Necklace From Ancient Armenia

The photo of this necklace from Ancient Armenia was published by James Blake Wiener. This necklace dating to the 15th-13th centuries BC was discovered in modern Armenia. It contains small golden discs and sardonyx beads. (Metsamor Historical and Archeological Museum-Reserve, Taronik, Armenia) James Blake Wiener is a writer and former professor of history. He has …

Armenian Knights of Cilicia

Armenian Knights of Cilicia

In the regular Armenian army, knights were mostly nobles. However, individuals with sufficient military training were also recruited into the army, receiving the rank of dziavor (Armenian: horseman), that is, the rank of a knight. Knights in the Armenian army also served as heralds. Actively involved in organizing palace receptions and celebrations, knighthood was one …

The Regular Army of Ancient Armenia

The Regular Army of Ancient Armenia

The regular army of ancient Armenia was one of the main elements of the ancient Armenian society and state. The first written sources, testifying to the creation of Armenia’s permanent and regular army, refer to its military art in the middle of the 6th century BC. According to sources, already then, the Armenian army had …

Armenia on Ancient Maps – World Cartography

Armenia on Ancient Maps – World Cartography

Ancient maps are important historical evidence. They contribute to the understanding of the political development of the ancient and modern world and reflect international relations at certain stages of development of states. Recently, the book “Armenia in World Cartography” was republished by the initiative of the head of the Russian and Novo-Nakhichevan Diocese of the …

Armenian Commanders of Byzantium

Armenian Commanders of Byzantium

Nerses (Narses) was a commander and influential courtier of Byzantium of Armenian descent under Emperor Justinian I. Along with Belisarius, he was one of the first great generals of the early Middle Ages. In 535, the leaders of the Constantinople and Alexandrian patriarchates were removed from position simultaneously. A series of displacements of the patriarchs …

The Fleet of the Cilician Armenian Kingdom

The Fleet of the Cilician

The Cilician fleet was one of the components of the army of the Cilician Armenian Kingdom (1080–1375). The supreme commander of all the armed forces of the country, including the navy, was the king. The commander-in-chief was the sparapet-constable. Cilician Armenia had its own military merchant fleet. Armenian merchants – also ship owners – were …

The Khachen Principality and the Hasan-Jalalyan Dynasty

The Khachen Principality

The Mongol invasion caused a social and economic catastrophe in Armenia. The peasantry was exterminated or expelled. The aristocracy broke up and economically weakened. Cities were deserted. The ethnic integrity of Armenia was violated by the influx of nomadic Turkic and Kurdish tribes, as well as due to the exodus of the country’s indigenous Armenian …

Armenia in the 3rd Millennium BC

Armenia in the 3rd Millennium BC

Senior Researcher at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Professor at the Department of History of Yerevan State University, and Candidate of Historical Sciences Artak Movsisyan in an afterword to his recently published work “Armenia in the 3rd millennium BC (according to written sources)” (Yerevan, …

Azat – An Elite Division of the Medieval Army of Armenia

Azat – An Elite Division

According to Zoranamak, a special military charter that determined the number of soldiers in the Armenian army, the Nakharars (ancient and medieval Armenian hereditary title) were ranked in accordance with the number of soldiers they had. The main branch of the army was the Azat cavalry, while the infantry, in which served the shinakans (peasants), …