Category «Antiquities»

Claudius Ptolemy’s World Map

Claudius Ptolemy’s World Map

World map of Claudius Ptolemy (90-168), an astronomer, geographer, mathematician, and astrologer. Claudius Ptolemy was the author of the classical antique monograph Almagest, which was the result of the development of ancient celestial mechanics and contained an almost complete collection of astronomical knowledge of Greece and the Middle East of that time. He left a …

The Origins of the Jerusalem Cross

The Origins of the Jerusalem Cross

Arguably, the Jerusalem cross is the most recognizable symbol of Christianity. But nowhere in the world is this sign as significant or culture-rooted as it is in Armenia. Throughout Armenia, thousands of khachkars (cross-stones) decorate the mountainous terrain of the first Christian nation. They are a unique example of the Armenian art of spiritual expression. …

Indo-European Languages Originated in the Armenian Highlands

Indo-European Languages Originated in the Armenian Highlands

A couple-of-years-old study published in the “Science” magazine reveals the origins of the Indo-European language group, which apparently is the ancient Armenian Highlands. The so-called Anatolian theory of the ancestral home of the Indo-European language group was first proposed by Professor Colin Renfrew (now Baron Renfrew) in the late 1980s. It was gradually recognized but …

Armenian Symbols on Ancient Roman Coins

Armenian Symbols on Ancient Roman Coins

Recently, interesting ancient Roman coins with Armenian symbols and images of Armenians were discovered. It is quite exciting to see the images of Armenian symbols on ancient coins of other states. Currently, there are only Roman coins that have been discovered. Perhaps, one of the upcoming articles will provide examples of images of Armenian symbols …

The Petroglyphs of Armenia (Video)

The Petroglyphs of Armenia (Video)

Today, the territories of Armenia and Asia Minor are theorized to have been the homeland of the oldest astronomical knowledge. Outstanding historians of astronomy came to the conclusion that people who divided the sky into constellations lived between 36° and 42° north latitude. According to English astronomer Olcott, people who invented the ancient figures of …

Ancient Architectural Miracles of Armenia

Ancient Architectural Miracles of Armenia

Some consider Armenia a museum in the open air due to the country’s rich culture, architecture, and sights. Monasteries and temples are an integral part of its culture. There are more than 2,000 churches on the territory of the modern Republic of Armenia. Unfortunately, some of them are partially destroyed or left to their own …

Mashtots Hayrapet Church – Garni, Armenia

Mashtots Hayrapet Church – Garni, Armenia

Mashtots Hayrapet church (Մաշտոց Հայրապետ եկեղեցի) was built of a red tuff on the site of a pagan shrine located in the village of Garni, Kotayk Province, in the 12th century. To the right of the entrance is a stone with carved images of birds, which is inextricably linked to the past pagan sanctuary standing …

The Karmiravan Monastery – Artsakh – Armenia

The Karmiravan Monastery – Artsakh - Armenia

Historical monuments of Artsakh testify to the presence of early Christians in this region of Armenia. Those are the remains of monastic buildings in the now deserted forest areas. One of them is the forest monastery of Karmiravan (Կարմիրավան) located near the town of Vaghuhas (Վաղուհաս) in the Martakert Region (Մարտակերտի շրջան). It was founded …

The Sarvandikar Fortress – Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

The Sarvandikar Fortress – Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Sarvandikar (Սարվանդիքար) fortress of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was located in the mountains of the Amanus Pass. It belonged to the Armenian royal dynasty of Hethumids (Հեթումյաններ). Today, the fortress is located on the territory of Turkey, in the province of Osmaniye. The unapproachable Amanus Pass located in the east of the Armenian kingdom …

The Church of John the Baptist – Byurakan, Armenia

The Church of John the Baptist – Byurakan, Armenia

The church of John the Baptist (Armenian: Սուրբ Հովհաննես Մկրտիչ) is located in the village of Byurakan, Aragatsotn Province, Armenia. It is widely considered that the church was built in 10th century, but there is a lot of data indicating its much greater age, including the décor of the windows of the church and traces …

Kayan Berd – Lori, Armenia

Kayan Berd fortress is located between the Haghpat (Հաղպատավանք) and Sanahin (Սանահին) monasteries (Lori Province), on the promontory between two canyons. Judging by the wall inscriptions, it was built by the rector of the Haghpat monastery Bishop Hovhannes in 1233.t was called the fortress “Haghpat Surb Nshan” (the names Kayan berd and Dsevank have been …

The Gndevank Monastery – Arpa Canyon, Armenia

The Gndevank Monastery – Arpa Canyon, Armenia

The Gndevank Monastery is located near the village of Gndevaz in the canyon of the Arpa River, the walls of which were formed of basalt hexagons. Along with the canyon of the Azat river, over which the fortress of Garni stands, the canyon of Arpa is the most beautiful “symphony in stone” in the territory …