Category «Antiquities»

The Horomayr Monastery – Lori Province, Armenia

The Horomayr Monastery – Lori Province, Armenia

The Horomayr monastery is located to the southeast of Odzun (Օձուն) village in Lori province. The monastery was one of the most important spiritual centers of medieval Armenia and was founded in the 7th century. The monastic complex includes two one-nave vaulted churches and a vestibule located between them. The main church was built in …

Ardahan, a Fortress of the Kingdom of Van

Ardahan, a Fortress of the Kingdom of Van

Local residents (Turks and Kurds) call the Ardahan (Արդահան) fortress “Shaitan Kale” or “Castle of the Devil”. The exact name and date of its construction are unknown. A clue to it could be the traces of ancient settlements around the castle which, like the fortress, have architectural features of the Kingdom of Van’s architectonics. Unfortunately, …

The Fortress of Arin Berd – Armenia

The Fortress of Arin Berd - Armenia

Fortress Arin Berd – Արին բերդ is a hill on the southeast edge of modern Yerevan, where the remains of the ancient settlement of Erebuni lie. Here in 1879, locals found a stone with cuneiform writings, which dates at the years of the Kingdom of Van’s existence. The drawing and approximate translation of the inscription …

Ghalinjakar Fortress – Armenia

Ghalinjakar Fortress - Armenia

Ghalinjakar (Գալինաջաքար) or Berdavan (Բերդավան) fortress is in the northeast of Armenia in the Tavush province near Noyemberyan and just two steps away from the border with Azerbaijan. Next to the fortress is the village of Berdavan. The Ghalinjakar fortress is tiny and incomparable, for example, with the fortress Amberd (Ամբերդ). It stands on a …

A Paleolithic Monument in Armenia

A Paleolithic Monument in Armenia

During the archaeological excavations in the Aghavnatun area of the Armavir province in Armenia, an Armenian expeditionary group found a very interesting Stone Age monument. The head of the archaeological expedition and a researcher of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia Boris Gasparyan thinks that the monument …

Ancient Hillfort of Lchashen – Armenia

Ancient Hillfort of Lchashen – Armenia

The village of Lchashen is located on the northern steep slope of the Geghama Mountains, towering above the surrounding territory. In the eastern part of the village, there is a historical place, which is one of the most important archaeological monuments found in the territory of modern Armenia. In the 1950s, as a result of …

Arevakhach, the Armenian Swastika

Arevakhach, the Armenian Swastika

The Armenian swastika is one of the Armenian symbols of eternity and rebirth. The traditional swastika was the embodiment of light (in the broadest theological sense), hence its name Arevakhach (translated from Armenian – “solar cross”). Besides, during the sun worship period in Armenia, this sign was a symbol of the sun. The word “swastika” …

The Largest Manuscript – “Homiliarium of Mush”

The Largest Manuscript - “Homiliarium of Mush”

The largest ancient handwritten book is the Armenian “Homiliarium of Mush” kept at Institute of Ancient Manuscripts Matenadaran in Yerevan, Armenia. The manuscript weighs around 32 kilograms (70.5 lbs., without the cover). It is a copy rewritten by Vardan Karnetsi in the Monastery of Surb Karapet of Mush in 1200-1202. For the production of the …

Agarak – More Ancient Than Egyptian Pyramids

Agarak – More Ancient Than Egyptian Pyramids

Being more ancient than the pyramids of Egypt, Agarak village is located to the south of Mount Aragats on the banks of the Amberd river. During the ongoing archaeological excavations, a street with round-shaped houses and rectangular buildings was discovered. Some of the constructions retained ancient plaster, household items, and fortified walls with traps-false entrances. …

Armenian Numismatics

Armenian Numismatics

Today, the subject of the Armenian numismatics affects many people, and it is worthy of consideration.  As soon as a ruler stepped onto the throne in antiquity, he or she first initiated coinage to create money with his or her image. Taking into account the possibilities of communications of this period, coinage played an important …

Art of Kingdom of Van

5th-4th century BC artistic metal products are noteworthy for their reflection of the influence of the culture of the Kingdom of Van (Urartu) on the culture of Achaemenid Empire. Vessels with handles in shape of winged ibex, bulls, lions, horses, rhytons with images of the same animals and riders, and pectorals (chestplates in the shape …

Fortress of Bagras – Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Bagras or Gastun is a 12th – 13th-century fortress built in the main southern passage in Amanus. It served as a gateway to the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. The fortress controlled the communication between Cilicia and northern Syria. There has been a fierce struggle between Cilicia and the Antiochian principality for the possession of the …

Armenian Fortress of Lambron

Lambron (Լամբրոն Բերդ) is an Armenian fortress of the 11th century located near the city of Çamlıyayla in modern Turkey. It was the family fortress of the Hethumid dynasty, the Armenian royal dynasty of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. In the first half of the 11th century, the loss of national statehood after the conquest …

Mayraberd Fortress – Artsakh

Mayraberd Fortress is a fortress built on the banks of the Qarqar River by the eastern outskirts of town of Askeran in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. It is sometimes referred to as Askaran, Askatran, Asketran. The fortress is located 16-17 km northeast of Stepanakert and was built by the Karabakh khanate ruler Panah Ali Khan in the 18th …

Tombs of Armenian Kings – Aghdzk, Armenia

Archaeologist Hakob Simonyan presented the results of unique excavations conducted in village of Aghdzk, Aragatsotn province, Armenia, during which remains of Armenian kings were discovered. According to Simonyan, the remains, which have been found not in the Arshakid Kings Mausoleum and Basilica, but under the adjacent church’s pavement, belong to the kings of Artaxiad and …

Fortress of Bjni, The “Unapproachable Abode of Gods”

Fortress of Bjni, The “Unapproachable Abode of Gods”

Chroniclers named the fortress of Bjni the “unapproachable abode of gods”. For the first time the village of Bjni was mentioned in History of Armenia of Armenian historian and chronicler Ghazar Parpetsi in 5th century, while the fortress itself has been spoken of since 10th century, when it began to gain political significance. In 11th …