Category «Antiquities»

Monastic Complex Shkhmuradi, Armenia

Shkhmuradi monastery has been built during 12th-13th centuries in valley of Varagadzhur river, and now is located in 6 km from village Tsaghkavan (also known as Melikgyugh) in Tavush province, Armenia. Monastic complex includes a church, a chapel, and two vestibules. The monastery probably received its name after nearby commune Shkhmurad (Shkhmuradi meaning of Shkhmurad). …

Armenia And Ancient Egypt

It appears that Armenians might be the only survived nation tradition, mythology and language of which kept the significance and meanings of forgotten Sumer, Mesopotamia and Egypt cultures. Hardly preserved, scarred fragments of the ancient Armenian culture can serve as a bridge to understanding the historical experience and values of the said cultures. In the …

Ancient Armenian Deities

Ancient Armenian Deities

Mythology of Armenian tribes and later the Armenian nation itself represents pantheons belonging to different periods of history of Armenia. Originally Urartian in nature, the pantheon was similar to religions of Near East’s states. There are signs which indicate that the ancient Armenians were initially nature worshipers and that this faith in time was transformed …

Map of Armenia By Fernão Vaz Dourado

Map of Armenia By Fernão Vaz Dourado

Portuguese cartographer Fernão Vaz Dourado’s map below depicts Lesser Armenia (Փոքր Հայք) and Greater Armenia (Մեծ Հայք). The main river tributaries extend through the Black and Caspian Seas, occupying territories that are now known as Georgia, Azerbaijan and most of eastern Turkey, including Mount Ararat. The map belongs to the third period of the old …

Archive Images of Western Armenia

Archive Images of Western Armenia

Nowadays almost every Armenian construction standing in Western Armenian region of Turkey is ruined. Some believe that Western Armenian churches have visible stylistic difference from temples in Republic of Armenia, and they look more like mosques. They suggest that the form of the temples of Western Armenia on the territory of the Ottoman Empire has …

Pghindzavank, Armenian Monastery-Fortress

Pthgavank, Armenian Monastery-Fortress

Pghindzavank is a monastery-fortress on a small plateau in the village of Pthgni in the Lori Province of Armenia, near the Debed river’s canyon. Pghindzavank has been a strategically significant site during Bagratuni and Kiurikian dynasties’ rule in Armenia. In the early 13th century atabeg Ivane Mkhargrzeli of Zakarids-Mkhargrzeli dynasty, who was an influential official …

Levonkla – Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Levonkla – Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Architecture of Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia developed upon the base of traditions of Kingdom of Armenia and local culture. Such cities as the original capital of Cilicia Tarsus, the following metropolis Sis and Anabarza incarnated the experience of Armenian architectonics. Monastic complexes Hromkla (nowadays Rumkale), Drazark, Akner and Skevra are another embodiment of Armenian spiritual …

Corycus – Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Corycus – Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was a sovereign principality established during the High Middle Ages by Armenian refugees fleeing the Seljuk invasion of Armenia. It was situated outside of the Armenian Highland in the Cilicia region northwest of the Gulf of Alexandria. Kingdom of Cilicia was distinct from Armenian Kingdom which had been suffering from political …

Tigranakert, the Antique Capital of the Armenian Kingdom

Many Armenian kings established new cities for their reign, transferring the capital of the state to those and populating them with artisans and farmers, merchants and soldiers, including those captured in wars with neighboring countries. Sometimes more than one such cities were founded. The names of that localities and capitals were mainly given in honor …

Holy Cross Church on Akhtamar Island

Ախթամարի Սուրբ Խաչ եկեղեցի (“Akhtamari Surb Khach Yekeghetsi”, Holy Cross Church of Akhtamar) is an early medieval monastery of Armenian Apostolic Church and has been built by architect Manuel during 915-921. The Surb Khach church is one of the unique monuments of architecture and fine examples of artistic progress in Armenia during 9th century. Since …

Ani, The Ancient Capital of Armenia

Ani, The Ancient Capital of Armenia

In 45 km from Kars, on the very border of the Republic of Armenia are the ruins of the once great medieval city of Ani, the capital of the Ani kingdom. The history of this city has been well studied and a numerous articles and books have been written about it. I will highlight only …