Category «Antiquities»

Agarak – More Ancient Than Egyptian Pyramids

Agarak – More Ancient Than Egyptian Pyramids

Being more ancient than the pyramids of Egypt, Agarak village is located to the south of Mount Aragats on the banks of the Amberd river. During the ongoing archaeological excavations, a street with round-shaped houses and rectangular buildings was discovered. Some of the constructions retained ancient plaster, household items, and fortified walls with traps-false entrances. …

Armenian Numismatics

Armenian Numismatics

Today, the subject of the Armenian numismatics affects many people, and it is worthy of consideration.  As soon as a ruler stepped onto the throne in antiquity, he or she first initiated coinage to create money with his or her image. Taking into account the possibilities of communications of this period, coinage played an important …

Art of Kingdom of Van

5th-4th century BC artistic metal products are noteworthy for their reflection of the influence of the culture of the Kingdom of Van (Urartu) on the culture of Achaemenid Empire. Vessels with handles in shape of winged ibex, bulls, lions, horses, rhytons with images of the same animals and riders, and pectorals (chestplates in the shape …

Fortress of Bagras – Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Bagras or Gastun is a 12th – 13th-century fortress built in the main southern passage in Amanus. It served as a gateway to the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. The fortress controlled the communication between Cilicia and northern Syria. There has been a fierce struggle between Cilicia and the Antiochian principality for the possession of the …

Armenian Fortress of Lambron

Lambron (Լամբրոն Բերդ) is an Armenian fortress of the 11th century located near the city of Çamlıyayla in modern Turkey. It was the family fortress of the Hethumid dynasty, the Armenian royal dynasty of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. In the first half of the 11th century, the loss of national statehood after the conquest …

Mayraberd Fortress – Artsakh

Mayraberd Fortress is a fortress built on the banks of the Qarqar River by the eastern outskirts of town of Askeran in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. It is sometimes referred to as Askaran, Askatran, Asketran. The fortress is located 16-17 km northeast of Stepanakert and was built by the Karabakh khanate ruler Panah Ali Khan in the 18th …

Tombs of Armenian Kings – Aghdzk, Armenia

Archaeologist Hakob Simonyan presented the results of unique excavations conducted in village of Aghdzk, Aragatsotn province, Armenia, during which remains of Armenian kings were discovered. According to Simonyan, the remains, which have been found not in the Arshakid Kings Mausoleum and Basilica, but under the adjacent church’s pavement, belong to the kings of Artaxiad and …

Fortress of Bjni, The “Unapproachable Abode of Gods”

Fortress of Bjni, The “Unapproachable Abode of Gods”

Chroniclers named the fortress of Bjni the “unapproachable abode of gods”. For the first time the village of Bjni was mentioned in History of Armenia of Armenian historian and chronicler Ghazar Parpetsi in 5th century, while the fortress itself has been spoken of since 10th century, when it began to gain political significance. In 11th …

Millennial Gospel of Tsughrut Has Been Repaired

Millennial Gospel of Tsughrut Has Been Repaired

The Gospel of Tsughrut (Akhaltsikhe region, Georgia), which is one of the most valuable artifacts of medieval Armenian miniature, has received new life. Locals considered the Gospel the guardian of the village, attributed miracles to it, and didn’t wish to part with it even temporarily. The employees of the Restoration department of Matenadaran were compelled …

Makaravank Monastery – Armenia

Makaravank Monastery - Armenia

10th to 13th century church complex Makaravank is located in Tavush province, Armenia, 3 km southeast of village Achajur, on the slope of Paitatap Mountain. The main temple, according to inscriptions on a khachkar south of it, was completed in 1205. It was built of carefully cut andesite stones, and includes two sacristies with an …

Monastic Complex Shkhmuradi, Armenia

Shkhmuradi monastery has been built during 12th-13th centuries in valley of Varagadzhur river, and now is located in 6 km from village Tsaghkavan (also known as Melikgyugh) in Tavush province, Armenia. Monastic complex includes a church, a chapel, and two vestibules. The monastery probably received its name after nearby commune Shkhmurad (Shkhmuradi meaning of Shkhmurad). …

Armenia And Ancient Egypt

It appears that Armenians might be the only survived nation tradition, mythology and language of which kept the significance and meanings of forgotten Sumer, Mesopotamia and Egypt cultures. Hardly preserved, scarred fragments of the ancient Armenian culture can serve as a bridge to understanding the historical experience and values of the said cultures. In the …

Ancient Armenian Deities

Ancient Armenian Deities

Mythology of Armenian tribes and later the Armenian nation itself represents pantheons belonging to different periods of history of Armenia. Originally Urartian in nature, the pantheon was similar to religions of Near East’s states. There are signs which indicate that the ancient Armenians were initially nature worshipers and that this faith in time was transformed …

Map of Armenia By Fernão Vaz Dourado

Map of Armenia By Fernão Vaz Dourado

Portuguese cartographer Fernão Vaz Dourado’s map below depicts Lesser Armenia (Փոքր Հայք) and Greater Armenia (Մեծ Հայք). The main river tributaries extend through the Black and Caspian Seas, occupying territories that are now known as Georgia, Azerbaijan and most of eastern Turkey, including Mount Ararat. The map belongs to the third period of the old …

Archive Images of Western Armenia

Archive Images of Western Armenia

Nowadays almost every Armenian construction standing in Western Armenian region of Turkey is ruined. Some believe that Western Armenian churches have visible stylistic difference from temples in Republic of Armenia, and they look more like mosques. They suggest that the form of the temples of Western Armenia on the territory of the Ottoman Empire has …

Pghindzavank, Armenian Monastery-Fortress

Pthgavank, Armenian Monastery-Fortress

Pghindzavank is a monastery-fortress on a small plateau in the village of Pthgni in the Lori Province of Armenia, near the Debed river’s canyon. Pghindzavank has been a strategically significant site during Bagratuni and Kiurikian dynasties’ rule in Armenia. In the early 13th century atabeg Ivane Mkhargrzeli of Zakarids-Mkhargrzeli dynasty, who was an influential official …