Category «Antiquities»

Baghaberd – Kapani Berd – Armenia

Baghaberd – Kapani Berd - Armenia

Baghaberd (Բաղաբերդ, otherwise known as Kapani berd) is a fortress located in the Syunik province, Armenia, between the cities of Kapan (Կապան) and Kajaran (Քաջարան), near the confluence of the rivers Geghi (Գեղի) and Voghji (Ողջի). The fortress is located at an altitude of 200 meters above the rivers. The controversial issue in the history …

The Aparank Monastery – Armenia

The Aparank Monastery - Armenia

The monastery of Aparank or Apranits’ name comes from the Armenian word aparank (ապարանք), which means “palace”. The origins of the monastery are unknown. But in the 19th century, it was the episcopal center of the Terkan region (which included 34 Armenian villages). Most of the local buildings preserved today belong to that period. The …

The Tatev Monastery – Armenia

The Tatev Monastery – Armenia

Tatev Monastery (Armenian: Տաթեւի վանք) is a monastic complex of the 9th-13th centuries located in the Syunik province, Armenia, in 20 km from the town of Goris. Over its existence, it has been the spiritual center of Syunik since the 9th century. The complex also includes the hermitage of Tatevi Anapat. In 1995, the Tatev …

Smbataberd Fortress – Vardenis, Armenia

Smbataberd Fortress – Vardenis, Armenia

The ruins of the Smbataberd fortress are located in the southwestern part of the Vardenis mountain range at a height of 200 meters above sea level, in the eastern part of Artabuynk village (Vayots Dzor province), surrounded by inaccessible rocks steeply breaking into the canyons, where Artabun (Արտաբուն) and Eghegis (Եղեգիս) rivers flow. The high …

The Tapi Fortress – Armenia

The Tapi Fortress - Armenia

The fortress of Tapi was also called “Gevorg Marzpetuni” in honor of sparapet (Սպարապետ – a title of a supreme commander of the armed forces in ancient and medieval Armenia) Marzpetuni. The complex is located on the right bank of the Khosrov River near the entrance to the Khosrov Reserve, on the northwestern outskirts of …

Daroynk – Arhsakavan Near the Foot of Mount Ararat

Daroynk – Arhsakavan Near the Foot of Mount Ararat

Daroynk (Դարոյնք) or Arshakavan (Արշակավան) is a city-citadel at the southern foot of Mount Ararat at an altitude of 2000 meters above sea level. It was built in the 1st-4th centuries under the kings of the Arshakuni (Arsacid) dynasty. During the existence of the Kingdom of Van and presumably in the 8th century BC, the …

The Horomayr Monastery – Lori Province, Armenia

The Horomayr Monastery – Lori Province, Armenia

The Horomayr monastery is located to the southeast of Odzun (Օձուն) village in Lori province. The monastery was one of the most important spiritual centers of medieval Armenia and was founded in the 7th century. The monastic complex includes two one-nave vaulted churches and a vestibule located between them. The main church was built in …

Ardahan, a Fortress of the Kingdom of Van

Ardahan, a Fortress of the Kingdom of Van

Local residents (Turks and Kurds) call the Ardahan (Արդահան) fortress “Shaitan Kale” or “Castle of the Devil”. The exact name and date of its construction are unknown. A clue to it could be the traces of ancient settlements around the castle which, like the fortress, have architectural features of the Kingdom of Van’s architectonics. Unfortunately, …

The Fortress of Arin Berd – Armenia

The Fortress of Arin Berd - Armenia

Fortress Arin Berd – Արին բերդ is a hill on the southeast edge of modern Yerevan, where the remains of the ancient settlement of Erebuni lie. Here in 1879, locals found a stone with cuneiform writings, which dates at the years of the Kingdom of Van’s existence. The drawing and approximate translation of the inscription …

Ghalinjakar Fortress – Armenia

Ghalinjakar Fortress - Armenia

Ghalinjakar (Գալինաջաքար) or Berdavan (Բերդավան) fortress is in the northeast of Armenia in the Tavush province near Noyemberyan and just two steps away from the border with Azerbaijan. Next to the fortress is the village of Berdavan. The Ghalinjakar fortress is tiny and incomparable, for example, with the fortress Amberd (Ամբերդ). It stands on a …

A Paleolithic Monument in Armenia

A Paleolithic Monument in Armenia

During the archaeological excavations in the Aghavnatun area of the Armavir province in Armenia, an Armenian expeditionary group found a very interesting Stone Age monument. The head of the archaeological expedition and a researcher of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia Boris Gasparyan thinks that the monument …

Ancient Hillfort of Lchashen – Armenia

Ancient Hillfort of Lchashen – Armenia

The village of Lchashen is located on the northern steep slope of the Geghama Mountains, towering above the surrounding territory. In the eastern part of the village, there is a historical place, which is one of the most important archaeological monuments found in the territory of modern Armenia. In the 1950s, as a result of …

Arevakhach, the Armenian Swastika

Arevakhach, the Armenian Swastika

The Armenian swastika is one of the Armenian symbols of eternity and rebirth. The traditional swastika was the embodiment of light (in the broadest theological sense), hence its name Arevakhach (translated from Armenian – “solar cross”). Besides, during the sun worship period in Armenia, this sign was a symbol of the sun. The word “swastika” …

The Largest Manuscript – “Homiliarium of Mush”

The Largest Manuscript - “Homiliarium of Mush”

The largest ancient handwritten book is the Armenian “Homiliarium of Mush” kept at Institute of Ancient Manuscripts Matenadaran in Yerevan, Armenia. The manuscript weighs around 32 kilograms (70.5 lbs., without the cover). It is a copy rewritten by Vardan Karnetsi in the Monastery of Surb Karapet of Mush in 1200-1202. For the production of the …

Agarak – More Ancient Than Egyptian Pyramids

Agarak – More Ancient Than Egyptian Pyramids

Being more ancient than the pyramids of Egypt, Agarak village is located to the south of Mount Aragats on the banks of the Amberd river. During the ongoing archaeological excavations, a street with round-shaped houses and rectangular buildings was discovered. Some of the constructions retained ancient plaster, household items, and fortified walls with traps-false entrances. …