Category «Antiquities»

Ar Father Main God and Haya-Mother Goddess

Ar Father Main God and Haya-Mother Goddess

From the very beginning (50-40 thousand years ago) Armennians felt very well that they are living among Nature, are a particle of Nature. Being in close contact with Nature they felt its kind and cruel forces all the time. The kindest and joyous phenomenon in their life (as well as in life of all animals …

The Great Armenia in 40 – 23 Millennia BC

The Great Armenia in 40 - 23 Millennia BC

The Great (Mother) Armennia, the cradle of Armennians was on the territories around Mount Ararat, on Armennian Highland, i.e. in latitude limits about 35° – 4r, to the South from river Cour (Kura), between the Black and Caspian seas and by the longitude to the East from river Euphrates, including lakes Sevan, Van and Urmia. …

The Vanevan Monastery – Artsvanist, Armenia

The Vanevan Monastery – Artsvanist, Armenia

The Vanevan (Վանևան) Monastery is located 24 km southeast of the Artsvanist village, Gegharkunik Province, Armenia. The medieval one-nave basilica of St. Gregory the Illuminator adjoins the monastery from the south. It was built under Armenian sparapet Shapouh Bagratuni with the guidance of his sister, Sunian princess Mariam. He also founded the monastery order and …

The Khoshap Fortress – Vaspurakan, Western Armenia

The Khoshap Fortress – Vaspurakan, Western Armenia

Khoshap is a fortress that was once located in Western Armenia, Vaspurakan (now Turkey). The fortress was built southeast of Lake Van on a plateau surrounded by high mountains. Since the times of the Kingdom of Van (Urartu), the fortress was positioned on an important trade route to Persia. No wonder that the structure was …

The Tignis Fortress – Ayrarat, Greater Armenia

The Tignis Fortress – Ayrarat, Greater Armenia

The Tignis (Տիգնիս) fortress was located in the Shirak region of the Ayrarat province of Greater Armenia and has been known since the pre-Christian times. It is unknown when the fortress was built. In the 9th century, it was renovated by the kings of the Bagratuni dynasty as it was considered an important element of …

The Ancient City-Fortress of Karkar – Artsakh

The Ancient City-Fortress of Karkar – Artsakh

In 2011, the Karkar ancient city-fortress was discovered on the left bank of the Karkar River near the village of Shosh, 2 kilometers east of Shushi, between Shushi and Stepanakert on the slope of a rocky mountain called “The Place of Kings”. Sargsyan specified that during the excavations in 2012, 6th-7th-century structures with cyclopean masonry …

The “Kingdom of Ararat-Urartu” Documentary – Dispelling the False Theories

The “Kingdom of Ararat-Urartu” Documentary

The theory of Diakonoff and Piotrovsky regarding the existence of a separate state of Urartu in the territory of modern Armenia can be now considered completely false. Artak Movsisyan’s documentary is just a tiny drop in the ocean of information confirming the identity of Armenia with Urartu. The false theory of Diakonoff and Piotrovsky was …

The Handaberd Fortress – Artsakh

The Handaberd Fortress - Artsakh

The Handaberd fortress (Հանդաբերդ) is located in the Shahumyan district of Artsakh near the village of Knaravan, 600 meters from the right bank of the Lev River. It is located on the top of a wooded and steep mountain at an altitude of 1665 m. The only approach to the fortress is a path that …

Claudius Ptolemy’s World Map

Claudius Ptolemy’s World Map

World map of Claudius Ptolemy (90-168), an astronomer, geographer, mathematician, and astrologer. Claudius Ptolemy was the author of the classical antique monograph Almagest, which was the result of the development of ancient celestial mechanics and contained an almost complete collection of astronomical knowledge of Greece and the Middle East of that time. He left a …

The Origins of the Jerusalem Cross

The Origins of the Jerusalem Cross

Arguably, the Jerusalem cross is the most recognizable symbol of Christianity. But nowhere in the world is this sign as significant or culture-rooted as it is in Armenia. Throughout Armenia, thousands of khachkars (cross-stones) decorate the mountainous terrain of the first Christian nation. They are a unique example of the Armenian art of spiritual expression. …

Indo-European Languages Originated in the Armenian Highlands

Indo-European Languages Originated in the Armenian Highlands

A couple-of-years-old study published in the “Science” magazine reveals the origins of the Indo-European language group, which apparently is the ancient Armenian Highlands. The so-called Anatolian theory of the ancestral home of the Indo-European language group was first proposed by Professor Colin Renfrew (now Baron Renfrew) in the late 1980s. It was gradually recognized but …

Armenian Symbols on Ancient Roman Coins

Armenian Symbols on Ancient Roman Coins

Recently, interesting ancient Roman coins with Armenian symbols and images of Armenians were discovered. It is quite exciting to see the images of Armenian symbols on ancient coins of other states. Currently, there are only Roman coins that have been discovered. Perhaps, one of the upcoming articles will provide examples of images of Armenian symbols …