Category «Antiquities»

The Petroglyphs of Armenia (Video)

The Petroglyphs of Armenia (Video)

Today, the territories of Armenia and Asia Minor are theorized to have been the homeland of the oldest astronomical knowledge. Outstanding historians of astronomy came to the conclusion that people who divided the sky into constellations lived between 36° and 42° north latitude. According to English astronomer Olcott, people who invented the ancient figures of …

Ancient Architectural Miracles of Armenia

Ancient Architectural Miracles of Armenia

Some consider Armenia a museum in the open air due to the country’s rich culture, architecture, and sights. Monasteries and temples are an integral part of its culture. There are more than 2,000 churches on the territory of the modern Republic of Armenia. Unfortunately, some of them are partially destroyed or left to their own …

Mashtots Hayrapet Church – Garni, Armenia

Mashtots Hayrapet Church – Garni, Armenia

Mashtots Hayrapet church (Մաշտոց Հայրապետ եկեղեցի) was built of a red tuff on the site of a pagan shrine located in the village of Garni, Kotayk Province, in the 12th century. To the right of the entrance is a stone with carved images of birds, which is inextricably linked to the past pagan sanctuary standing …

The Karmiravan Monastery – Artsakh – Armenia

The Karmiravan Monastery – Artsakh - Armenia

Historical monuments of Artsakh testify to the presence of early Christians in this region of Armenia. Those are the remains of monastic buildings in the now deserted forest areas. One of them is the forest monastery of Karmiravan (Կարմիրավան) located near the town of Vaghuhas (Վաղուհաս) in the Martakert Region (Մարտակերտի շրջան). It was founded …

The Sarvandikar Fortress – Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

The Sarvandikar Fortress – Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Sarvandikar (Սարվանդիքար) fortress of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was located in the mountains of the Amanus Pass. It belonged to the Armenian royal dynasty of Hethumids (Հեթումյաններ). Today, the fortress is located on the territory of Turkey, in the province of Osmaniye. The unapproachable Amanus Pass located in the east of the Armenian kingdom …

The Church of John the Baptist – Byurakan, Armenia

The Church of John the Baptist – Byurakan, Armenia

The church of John the Baptist (Armenian: Սուրբ Հովհաննես Մկրտիչ) is located in the village of Byurakan, Aragatsotn Province, Armenia. It is widely considered that the church was built in 10th century, but there is a lot of data indicating its much greater age, including the décor of the windows of the church and traces …

Kayan Berd – Lori, Armenia

Kayan Berd fortress is located between the Haghpat (Հաղպատավանք) and Sanahin (Սանահին) monasteries (Lori Province), on the promontory between two canyons. Judging by the wall inscriptions, it was built by the rector of the Haghpat monastery Bishop Hovhannes in 1233.t was called the fortress “Haghpat Surb Nshan” (the names Kayan berd and Dsevank have been …

The Gndevank Monastery – Arpa Canyon, Armenia

The Gndevank Monastery – Arpa Canyon, Armenia

The Gndevank Monastery is located near the village of Gndevaz in the canyon of the Arpa River, the walls of which were formed of basalt hexagons. Along with the canyon of the Azat river, over which the fortress of Garni stands, the canyon of Arpa is the most beautiful “symphony in stone” in the territory …

Baghaberd – Kapani Berd – Armenia

Baghaberd – Kapani Berd - Armenia

Baghaberd (Բաղաբերդ, otherwise known as Kapani berd) is a fortress located in the Syunik province, Armenia, between the cities of Kapan (Կապան) and Kajaran (Քաջարան), near the confluence of the rivers Geghi (Գեղի) and Voghji (Ողջի). The fortress is located at an altitude of 200 meters above the rivers. The controversial issue in the history …

The Aparank Monastery – Armenia

The Aparank Monastery - Armenia

The monastery of Aparank or Apranits’ name comes from the Armenian word aparank (ապարանք), which means “palace”. The origins of the monastery are unknown. But in the 19th century, it was the episcopal center of the Terkan region (which included 34 Armenian villages). Most of the local buildings preserved today belong to that period. The …

The Tatev Monastery – Armenia

The Tatev Monastery – Armenia

Tatev Monastery (Armenian: Տաթեւի վանք) is a monastic complex of the 9th-13th centuries located in the Syunik province, Armenia, in 20 km from the town of Goris. Over its existence, it has been the spiritual center of Syunik since the 9th century. The complex also includes the hermitage of Tatevi Anapat. In 1995, the Tatev …

Smbataberd Fortress – Vardenis, Armenia

Smbataberd Fortress – Vardenis, Armenia

The ruins of the Smbataberd fortress are located in the southwestern part of the Vardenis mountain range at a height of 200 meters above sea level, in the eastern part of Artabuynk village (Vayots Dzor province), surrounded by inaccessible rocks steeply breaking into the canyons, where Artabun (Արտաբուն) and Eghegis (Եղեգիս) rivers flow. The high …