Category «Antiquities»

The Armenian-Georgian Union – 12th Century

The Armenian-Georgian Union

In the second half of the 12th century, the decline of the Seljuks allowed the Georgian Kingdom to strengthen, which extended its influence south towards the Armenian territories. By the end of the 12th century, the Armenian princely Zakarian (Zakarid) dynasty, which became the de facto ruler of united Georgia under the legendary queen Tamar …

David Bek – “The Naive Armenian”

David Bek – "The Naive Armenian"

“And the Armenian, the naive Armenian, always remained faithful, was always devoted and sacrificed himself for the sake of others. Without worrying about his house, forgetting about his own troubles, he lived by other people’s interests. He left the ruins of his country to build other palaces. This is our disease. We do not know …

The Cilician School of Miniature

The Cilician School of Miniature

Armenian miniature and book art reached the peak of their development in Cilicia in the 13th century. The Cilician school was formed in the 12th century and existed until the 1480s. During this period, talented artists like Grigor Mlitsi, Kostandin, Vardan, Kirakos, Hovhannes, Toros Roslin, Grigor Pitsak, Sargis Pitsak, and Hovhannes Arkayeghbayr worked in the …

King Artavazd II – Poet, Prose Writer, And Historian

King Artavazd II – Poet

On the pediment of the Armenian Drama Theater in Yerevan, a bas-relief of King Artavazd II was carved in recognition of his achievements in the development of Armenian theatrical art. A son of Tigran II, Artavazd, according to Plutarch, wrote tragedies, odes, and historical narratives in Greek. In fact, Artavazd was the first Armenian playwright. …

Ancient Sources About Artsakh as Part of Armenia

Ancient Sources About Artsakh

Strabo (c. 64/63 BC – c. 24 AD). “Cyrus (Kur River) originates in Armenia, immediately enters the indicated plain, and, taking into itself Aragon (Aragvi) flowing from the Caucasus and other tributaries, pours into Albania along a narrow river valley. The abounding river runs between it [Albania] and Armenia through the rich pastures of the …

Kostandin IV – King of Cilicia

Kostandin IV – King of Cilicia

“…After two unsuccessful reigns, the Armenians recognized the son of their commander Baldwin, one of the descendants of the Rubenid dynasty, as the King of Cilicia. The new king, Kostandin IV, with all his great talents and with all the desire in the world, could not avoid the struggle with the Muslims who hated Christian …

Armenia in The 11th-14th Centuries – Seljuk Turks

Armenia in The 11th-14th Centuries

In the 1040s, Armenia, as we have seen, fell under the rule of Byzantium. However, the Byzantine rule turned out to be short-lived. Soon, the Seljuk Turks from the Central Asian nomadic tribes appeared in Armenia, who in a short time took possession of its vast territories and created a major power. The Seljuk Turks …

Urartu, The First Armenian State – David Marshall Lang

Urartu, The First Armenian State

The past existence of the Kingdom of Van was discovered thanks to Armenian historian Khorenatsi’s manuscripts, in which he referred to the kingdom as an Armenian state. An excerpt from “Armenia: Cradle of Civilization” by late oriental scholar David Marshall Lang, which was renamed (censored) “Armenia: Creator People” by Georgian editors and published in the …

Ancient Armenian Traditions of Woodcarving

Ancient Armenian Traditions of Woodcarving

Artistic woodworking is art with millennium-old traditions. It is said that in the country of khachkars, Armenia, the melody of the stone song is heard everywhere. Not only stones sing in Armenia but everything that the hands of true masters have touched. In addition to skilled stonecutters, for centuries, masterpieces have been created by other …

The Mongol Invasion of Armenia

The Mongol Invasion of Armenia

After the establishment of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century by Genghis Khan, the nomadic Tatar-Mongolian tribes inhabiting Central Asia undertook invasive campaigns against neighboring and distant countries. After several reconnaissance attacks, the 30,000-strong army of Mongols under the command of Chormagan was split into separate groups in the Mugan Plain. These groups attacked …

The Fortress of Meghri – Syunik, Armenia

The Fortress of Meghri – Syunik, Armenia

The Armenian town of Meghri is known for its old-fashioned hotels, vodka, as well as its wonderful fruits and vegetables, especially Meghri figs and yellow pomegranates. Atop the rocky Mount Meghri in the vicinity of the town are the ruins of the 10th-century fortress of Meghri. The fortress of Meghri was first mentioned in 1083. …

Tigran the Great’s Foreign Policy

Tigran the Great’s Foreign Policy

King Mithridates VI of Pontus, who conflicted with Rome and sought to oust it from Asia Minor, sent ambassadors to Tigran II with a proposal to conclude an alliance. The union with the powerful Kingdom of Pontus, which was enforced by the marriage between Tigran II and Mithridates VI Eupator’s daughter Cleopatra, was beneficial to …