Category «Antiquities»

Monastery of Bardzrakash St. Gregory in Armenia Was One of “Europe’s Most Threatened Heritage” in 2014

Monastery of Bardzrakash St. Gregory in Armenia

The Monastery of Bardzrakash St. Gregory in Dsegh, Armenia, is one of the 11 monuments and sites that have been shortlisted for “The 7 Most Endangered” 2014 program. This program was produced by Europa Nostra, a leading European heritage organization, and the European Investment Bank. Built between the 10th and 13th centuries, this monastic complex …

Ancient Coins of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Ancient Coins of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Cilician Armenian coins were minted from copper, bronze, silver, and rarely gold. Their styles have been completely unique and included images of stylized busts, Armenian texts, and sometimes the Crusaders’ crosses and iconography. The tradition of Cilician coin minting was established by the first King of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Leo I and was …

Glkho Monastery – Talish, Artsakh

Glkho Monastery – Talish, Artsakh

Glkho Monastery (otherwise known as Orek, also referred to as Urekavank or Orekavank in ancient accounts) is located on the slopes of one of the mounts beyond the village of Talish in Martakert District of the Republic of Artsakh. Historian Movses Khorenatsi writes that the monastery was established in the 5th century. Over the centuries …

Nakhichevan Province – Where Noah Descended

Nakhichevan Province – Where Noah Descended

Nakhichevan Province is believed to have been the land where Noah descended to from the peak of Mount Ararat after the Great Flood. The city of Nakhichevan is one of the oldest settlements of historic Armenia, occupying the site of a prehistoric settlement Kültəpə. “Nakhichevan” means “the pre-shelter” in Armenian. According to a tradition, Noah …

The Armenian Wheel of Eternity

The Armenian Wheel of Eternity

All kinds of crosses and many other symbols are abundant in the ancient Armenian art of petroglyphs. Those symbols would be adopted by many nations around the world. Thanks to the Armenian petroglyphs, we can trace the genealogy of the swastika and the six-point star, which is now more commonly known as Star of David. …

Vahanavank – Syunik, Armenia

Vahanavank – Syunik, Armenia

The monastic complex Vanavank is located in the vicinity of the town of Kapan, Syunik Province, Armenia. According to Stepanos Orbelian, the monastery was founded by prince Vahan in 911, in honor of whom it would also be named. The first structure of the monastery was the Church of Saint Gregory the Illuminator. After the …

Reign of Khosrov III Kotak – Short Chronology

Reign of Khosrov III Kotak – Short Chronology

The passing of Armenian King Trdat III (reigned 298 – 330) was followed by clashes between several nakharar (an Armenian hereditary title of the highest order) families, in the scopes of which, groups of rebellious feudal lords intruded state lands. King Khosrov Kotak (Khosrov III the Small), the successor of Trdat III, followed the policy …

Roman Invasion into Armenia – 69 – 68 BC

Roman Invasion into Armenia – 69 – 68 BC

In summer 69 BC, Roman legions under the command of Lucullus invaded Armenia and rapidly advanced towards the heart of the country. At the time being in the southern regions of Armenia, Tigran II the Great sent a 3,000 cavalry under the command of Meruzhan to stop the Romans. Having covered a large distance, the …

Aparank Monastery – Western Armenia

Aparank Monastery – Western Armenia

Aparank Monastery’s name derives from the Armenian word “aparank”, meaning “fortress”. While it is unknown what the purpose of the monastery had been initially, it is known that in the 19th century, it was the episcopal center of the Terkan district, which included 34 Armenian villages. In fact, most of the monastery’s buildings belong to …

7 Marvelous Stones in Armenia

7 Marvelous Stones in Armenia

Stones are like people in some sense. Some of them stand shoulder to shoulder in masonry, their main feature being the absence of any individual features. Other stones are unique and even exceptional. One could long argue which is more important, but most will probably want to see something new and unique. Stone with the …

Ancient Armenian “Kokh” Wrestling

Ancient Armenian “Kokh” Wrestling

The Armenian wrestling style “Kokh” is regarded as one of the oldest forms of wrestling. The ancient history of this national combat sport is confirmed and attested by numerous travelers to Armenia. First of all, the Persians “touched” the style in the early years of their contact with Armenians. Armenian wrestling was famed in the …

Ancient Armenian Fortress of Kars

Ancient Armenian Fortress of Kars

Like many medieval Armenian towns, Kars had originally been a fortress. In fact, many historians refer to it as “fortress of Kars”. Over the course of the 9th-13th centuries, city quarters spread around the fortress, the latter at some point being turned into a citadel.  In the years of the Turkish-Persian domination, the fortress of …

Marmashen Monastery – Shirak Province, Armenia

Marmashen Monastery – Shirak Province, Armenia

Marmashen Monastery is lying on the right bank of Akhuryan River 2km southwest of the village of Vahramaberd in Shirak Province, Armenia. Marmashen is a striking example of medieval Armenian architectonics, in particular, architectonics of the 10th century. The design of Marmashen shares some of its features with the Ani Cathedral. Marmashen Monastery consists of …