Category «Antiquities»

The Battle Between Hayk and Bel

The Battle Between Hayk and Bel

On August 11, 2492 BC, on the eastern shore of Lake Van, Vayots dzor, the battle between Hayk and Bel took place. The tyrant of Mesopotamia and Elam Mesilim Bel demanded from the priests of the state of Armenia (Aratta) to accept his dominion. He received a refusal. The combined army of Mesopotamia and Elam, …

Armenia, An Ancient Center of Metallurgy

Armenia, An Ancient Center of Metallurgy

In the territory of the Armenian Highlands from the 5th to the 4th millennia BC, locals have processed and exported almost all types of minerals. Among them have been copper, tin, gold, silver, iron, lead, zinc, magnesium, antimony, arsenic, quartz, salt, and much more. Metal casting and the manufacture of various products from weapons and …

Quintus Curtius on Armenia and the Armenian Highlands

Quintus Curtius on Armenia

“The route to there goes through a steppe. The area between the Euphrates and Tigris is so fat and abundant that it is said that cattle are driven away from there not to die from over-satiety. The reason for such fertility is irrigation: the moisture from the rivers through water-bearing veins is spread throughout the …

The Ancient Armenian State of Nairi

The Ancient Armenian State of Nairi

Nairi was an Armenian state which formed after the unification of Armenian tribes in the struggle against Assyria. In the ancient cuneiform tablets of that time, the king of Nairi was also often called the king of the Ararat kingdom. Thus, the term “Ararat kingdom” – or the Kingdom of Van (Urartu) – has been …

The Ancient City of Artashat – Armenia

The Ancient City of Artashat - Armenia

A contemporary of Artashes, Greek historian Polybius called Artashes the “Lord of the greatest part of Armenia. Strabo confirmed: “Armenia has grown through the efforts of Artashes, and everyone in his state was monolingual, that is, Armenian-speaking.” This valuable information from Strabo indicates that Artashes managed to unite all the Armenian-speaking territories in one state. …

Brief Chronology of the Sunset of Cilicia

Brief Chronology of the Sunset of Cilicia

The reign of the grandson of Hethum I and Queen Zabel Hethum II was one of the most dramatic periods in the history of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. The Armenian state at that time was in the thick of internal and external shocks. The main reason for the internal strife was the policy of …

The Armenian Dynasties of Byzantine Rulers

The Armenian Dynasties of Byzantine Rulers

The Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantine Empire was marked on the political map as the successor of the Roman Empire in 395, when the sons of Emperor Theodosius I Arcadius and Honorius divided Rome between themselves. The name “Byzantine” received by the eastern part of the former empire was first used by German historian Hieronymus …

Mushegh Mamikonyan and King Pap Celebrate Victory in the Battle of Dzirav – 16th-Century Miniature

Mushegh Mamikonyan and King Pap

In this 16th-century miniature are portrayed Sparapet (commander) Mushegh Mamikonyan, King Pap, and the soldiers of the Armenian cavalry detachment. This miniature illustrates the great victory of the Armenians over the Persian army of Shapur II in the Battle of Dzirav in 371 AD. Thanks to this victory, Pap returned the marginal territories that had …

Objective idealist David the Invincible – Armenian Philosophy

Objective idealist David the Invincible

Objective idealist David Anhakht or David the Invincible (6th century) was a great representative of Neo-Platonism in Armenia. His writings combine the teachings of classical Platonism with the teachings of Pythagoras and Aristotle. In his works “Analysis of the Introduction of Porphyry” and “Definitions of Philosophy”, many questions are raised about the nature of philosophical …

The Ancient Arsacid Dynasty

The Ancient Arsacid Dynasty

The ancient Arsacid royal dynasty was founded by Parthian King Arsaces I in 250 BC. The Arsacid dynasty ruled in Armenia, Persia, Atropatene, Iberia, and Caucasian Albania. The Parthian branch of the Arsacids (250 BC – 224 AD), having liberated Persia from the Greco-Macedonian dynasty of the Seleucids, proclaimed its connection with the legendary kings …