Category «Antiquities»

Ancient Armenian Fortress of Kars

Ancient Armenian Fortress of Kars

Like many medieval Armenian towns, Kars had originally been a fortress. In fact, many historians refer to it as “fortress of Kars”. Over the course of the 9th-13th centuries, city quarters spread around the fortress, the latter at some point being turned into a citadel.  In the years of the Turkish-Persian domination, the fortress of …

Marmashen Monastery – Shirak Province, Armenia

Marmashen Monastery – Shirak Province, Armenia

Marmashen Monastery is lying on the right bank of Akhuryan River 2km southwest of the village of Vahramaberd in Shirak Province, Armenia. Marmashen is a striking example of medieval Armenian architectonics, in particular, architectonics of the 10th century. The design of Marmashen shares some of its features with the Ani Cathedral. Marmashen Monastery consists of …

The Armenian Skevr Reliquary – 1293 AD

The Armenian Skevr Reliquary – 1293 AD

This marvelous folding reliquary icon, the work of a medieval Armenian craftsman, has been once kept in one of the Cilician monasteries. The icon was commissioned by Bishop Constantine in commemoration of the defenders of the fortress of Romkla, a national sacred site, which had been ruined by the Egyptian Mamelukes in 1292. The themes …

Geghard Monastery – Armenia

Geghard Monastery – Armenia

Geghard Monastery is a unique piece of architecture located in Kotayk Province of Armenia. This remarkable site has been partially carved out in the adjacent mountain. Now, it is one of the most known architectural structures of Armenia, and it has even been inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Surrounded by the cliffs at …

Surb Marine Church – Ashtarak, Armenia

Surb Marine Church – Ashtarak, Armenia

The 1281 Church of Surb Marine is located in Ashtarak, Armenia. This remarkable piece of Armenian architectonics was built in the cross-in-square style from hewn brown tuff. The layout of the Surb Marine Church has many features that are characteristic to the Armenian architectonics of the 13th century. In the 13th-14th centuries, the church played …

Ancient Olympic Champions from Armenia

Ancient Olympic Champions from Armenia

Long before Baron Pierre de Coubertin resumed the tradition of the Olympics in 1896 after an almost 1200-year hiatus, Ancient Olympics have been carried out since 776 BC. This grand event has been held every four years, and among the athletes participating were renowned Armenians. One of them was Prince Varazdat Arshakuni (Latinized as “Varasdates”), …

Dadivank Monastery – Armenia

Dadivank Monastery – Armenia

Dadivank Monastery is a unique place. Is it gorgeous? Absolutely! Is it sacred? Ancient? Undoubtedly, since traditionally, Dadi has been the disciple of Thaddeus, one of Jesus’ Apostles who preached Christianity in Armenia back in the 1st century AD. Mkhitar Gosh, a writer, thinker, and a representative of the Armenian Renaissance, called Dadivank Monastery “Arakelagir”, …