Category «Culture»

The Armenian Apostolic Church and Its Centuries-Old Struggle

The Armenian Apostolic Church

The relentless struggle waged by the Armenians for centuries in the name of the cross has given their church a strictly national character. The church hymns of the Armenians included sacred hymns – sharakans, sincere outpourings of spiritual writers and poets created in the difficult moments of domestic calamities. Most Armenians know and sing these …

Why Troy Died – Muratsan’s “Gevorg Marzpetuni”

Why Troy Died

“Then you know why Troy died and why many Greek generals with their troops were killed under its walls.” “I know. Because of the woman, because of Helen’s infidelity.” “No, you’re wrong. It was because of the traitor Paris.” “My perception of Homer is different.” “But the ancient Greeks perceived him that way. ‘Helen is …

Myths of Iran and Armenia Are Similar

Myths of Iran and Armenia Are Similar

The book of Maria Evazyan (Terezyan) published in 2013 in Iran tells about the similarity of the beliefs and myths of Iran and Armenia. The book assesses the common sides in the mythological literature of Iran and Armenia. According to the Iranian agency IBNA, the book presents a comparative analysis of myths in Iranian and …

Armenian Printing Is Over 500 Years Old

Armenian Printing Is Over 500 Years Old

More than five hundred years ago, monk Hakob Meghapart pulled out from a printing press the first copies of a book called Urbatagirk (Friday Book). Printed in Amsterdam, Urbatagirk was a medical compilation, to which the compiler added one of the chapters of the Book of Lamentations authored by 10th-century Armenian mystic philosopher, theologian, and …

Marcello Mastroianni’s Visit to Paradzhanov

Marcello Mastroianni’s Visit to Paradzhanov

Marcello Mastroianni has been in Georgia for three days when news came from Los Angeles that his nomination for an Oscar failed. (Mastroianni had been nominated for the best male role in the film “Dark Eyes” by director Nikita Mikhalkov). The same night, Mastroianni visited Sergei Paradzhanov. That night was unforgettable for everyone. A lot …

New Discoveries In the Main Cathedral of St. Etchmiadzin

New Discoveries

Restoration works continue in the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, during which experts have made several remarkable discoveries. According to the architects-restorers of the oldest Christian cathedral in the world, over the course of the restoration, the point of view that the shrine had been originally built in a quadrangular or rectangular layout – that …

Church of Patriarch Mashtots in Garni, Armenia

Church of Patriarch Mashtots

The Mashtots Hayrapet Church (Mashtots Patriarch’s Church) is located in the village of Garni. It was built over the grave of the Catholicos of All Armenians Mashtots I of Yeghvard, who had moved the treasures of the Etchmiadzin Cathedral to Garni during the Arab invasion in 876. Catholicos Mashtots died and was buried here in …

Martiros Saryan – Church of Karmravor

Martiros Saryan – Church of Karmravor

In the city of Ashtarak, Aragatsotn Province, there is the small and beautiful Church of the Holy Mother of God (Surb Astvatsatsin). It was constructed in the 7th century by the priests Manas and Grigor. The church is colloquially known as Karmravor Church, with “karmravor” meaning “reddish” in Armenian. The cross-domed Church of Karmravor is …

From the History of Armenian Communities

From the History of Armenian Communities

Many national cultural centers — centers of social thought, education, science, art, and printing — have been formed far outside the borders of the historical homeland of the Armenian people. So has been its fate. Nor Jugha, Istanbul, Calcutta, Madras, Venice, Vienna, Marseille, Paris, Lviv, Astrakhan, Grigoriopol, and Nakhichevan-on-Don – this is not a complete …

Alain Delon in the Films of Henri Verneuil

Alain Delon in the Films of Henri Verneuil

“You are too handsome, you won’t have a brilliant career,” producers told Alain Delon at the very beginning of his film path. However, refusals did not plunge the future artist into despondency. Once, Delon met famous director Yves Allégret. In 1957, Delon made his debut film, which was Allégret’s “Send a Woman When the Devil …

Architecture of Vaspurakan – Armenian Renaissance

Architecture of Vaspurakan

The beginning of the epoch which we call the Armenian Renaissance dates back to the 10th-11th centuries – the period of the “centenary peace” and well-being of Armenia, when the country experienced a spiritual revival, giving free rein to the accumulated thirst for creativity. Freeing itself from the grip of the church and social dogma, …

From Gyumri to Ani – City of a Thousand and One Church

From Gyumri to Ani

From Alexandropol (Gyumri) to Ani, a city of a thousand and one churches… Once, this was the route of travelers and historians to the ruins of the ancient city, the capital of the Armenian Kingdom of Bagratids. Now, this trip is almost impossible. Russian hydrographer and writer Alexander Petrovich Andreev (1820–1882) once traveled to Western …

Old Quarters of Yerevan

Old Quarters of Yerevan

Before the reunification of Eastern Armenia with Russia, the territory of Yerevan was approximately thirty square kilometers, most of which were gardens and other green areas. At that time, Yerevan was divided into three main parts – Shahar (main city), Demir-Bulagh (Karhanq), and Kond. Cut off from the city, Nork spread on an eastern hill. …

Oleg Shestinsky On the Contribution of Armenians to World History

Oleg Shestinsky On the Contribution

Many national cultural centers — centers of social thought, education, science, art, and printing — were formed far beyond the borders of the historical homeland of the Armenian people. Nor Jugha, Istanbul, Calcutta, Madras, Moscow, Venice, Vienna, Marseille, Paris, Lviv, Astrakhan, Grigoriopol, and Nakhichevan-on-Don. This is not a complete list, but it also includes the …

Hakobavank Monastery – Artsakh, Armenia

Hakobavank Monastery – Artsakh, Armenia

The monastery of Hakobavank (literally “monastery of Hakob”) or Metsaranits is located in the Martakert district of Artsakh in 1.5 km from the village of Kolatak (the historic province of Mets Hayk, the province of Metsarank, later renamed to Lower Khachen). In historical chronicles, there is no information on the specific date of the establishment …