Category «Culture»

Edessa and the Origins of Armenian Letters

Edessa and the Origins of Armenian Letters

The city of Edessa (Urfa) has a sacral significance. Firstly, in its museum, there is a seal with the image of King Scorpio with hieroglyphic inscriptions. It depicts drawings reminiscent of the Narmer’s pallet images and the pommel of King Scorpio’s maces. When reading the Urfan hieroglyphic inscriptions, one should use the archaic grabar (“gir” …

Armenia, a Country Without Slavery

Armenia, a Country Without Slavery

While describing slave-owning in the world history, some historians mistakenly attribute the existence of a slave system to Armenia. But even these historians speak about slavery in Armenia reservedly. Some point to the short duration of the slave period as a result of the rapid transition from generic government to feudalism while others indicate the …

The San Gregorio Armeno Monastery in Naples

The San Gregorio Armeno Monastery in Naples

The history of this monastery goes back to the 8th century. At this time, the Byzantine emperors of the Isaurian dynasty were preoccupied with the increasing number of monasteries that absorbed human, land, and financial resources and also brought a rather ambiguous veneration of icons. Since 726, the era of iconoclasm began, which had several …

Armenia in the Bible

Armenia in the Bible

The information about Armenia in the Bible has exceptional value because it relates to the most fateful events of mankind, the creation of the world and the rebirth of mankind after the Great Flood. It tells how the Lord created mankind in Eden, the Paradise, from which the four rivers, Euphrates, Tigris, Pishon, and Geon, …

Saint Abgar, The First Christian King

Abgar V is considered the first Christian king. In December, the Armenian Apostolic Church commemorates St. Abgar. Abgar (Աբգար) is the dynastic name of a number of rulers of Osroene, a small Hellenistic state in Northern Mesopotamia with its capital in Edessa (modern Şanlıurfa in the southeast Turkey). Abgar V (Armenian Աբգար Ե) nicknamed Ukkāmā, …

Dutch Engravings of the Armenian Alphabet

A talented Dutch illustrator, engraver, and poet of the late 17th century and early 18th century Jan Luyken lived and worked in Amsterdam. His engravings created for the cartographic 5-volume atlas “The New Marine Torch” published in 1681 as well as illustrations for the books “The Mirror of the Martyrs or the Bloody Theater” (1685) …

Previously Unseen Images of Ani

Previously Unseen Images of Ani

In Armenia, it is forbidden (by the Russian border troops) to take photographs of Ani from the Armenian side of the border. It is also prohibited to photograph two 3D models of Ani in Yerevan – the three-dimensional model of the ruins of Ani, which is on display at the History Museum of Armenia, and …

The Edessan Origin of the Shroud of Turin

The Edessan Origin of the Shroud of Turin

Since the end of the 3rd and the beginning of the 4th centuries, the Christians of the East have been spreading information about the existence of the true representation of Jesus in Edessa. The Shroud of Turin or Image of Edessa? Wilson* suggested that the disciples of Jesus, having saved the Shroud of Turin from …

Two Armenian Words for Carpets

Two Armenian Words for Carpets

In Armenian, there are two words for “carpet” – “karpet” (Armenian: կարպետ) and “gorg” (Armenian: գորգ). Although these two words in the Armenian language are synonyms, “karpet” is more often used with lint-free carpets while fluffy carpets are called “gorg”. In Armenian medieval manuscripts, the word “carpet” in the form of “kapert” was for the …

Arevvordiner in Ancient Armenia

Arevvordiner in Ancient Armenia

Arevvordiner (Children of the Sun) are mentioned by a medieval scholar Grigor Magistros (990-1058) in a letter written to the Syrian Jacobite patriarch. In the Arab sources, Arevvordiner are referred to as Shamsiya, which literally means “the people of the Sun”. Arevvordiner are described in detail by Catholicos Nerses IV the Gracious (1102-1173) in his …

A 1599 Bible With a Map of Greater Armenia

A 1599 Bible With a Map of Greater Armenia

Sam Bussan, an inquisitive student from the city of Portland (Oregon, United States), found a 1599 Geneva Bible in the basement archive of the library of the Lewis & Clark College. The Bible has belonged to Queen Elizabeth I and William Shakespeare. This rare edition of the Bible made the scriptures accessible through many elaborate …

Ancient Armenia – Land of Gold

Ancient Armenia – Land of Gold

With the fall of central power in the Akkadian Empire, northern Babylonia was occupied by mountaineers called the Gutians. Those ferocious people are described as disgusting and frightening in various notes. However, Gutians probably did not have much influence in southern Babylonia, which predominantly remained Sumerian both in terms of population and culture. Moreover, the …

Our Roots Are Our Histories

The need for national unity as the main formula for the successful historical development of an independent Armenian state and statehood is quite significant. Why is a Day of National Identity a thing now? It should have not only gained state status long ago but also be the primary Armenian national holiday. After all, one …