Category «Culture»

Saint Abgar, The First Christian King

Abgar V is considered the first Christian king. In December, the Armenian Apostolic Church commemorates St. Abgar. Abgar (Աբգար) is the dynastic name of a number of rulers of Osroene, a small Hellenistic state in Northern Mesopotamia with its capital in Edessa (modern Şanlıurfa in the southeast Turkey). Abgar V (Armenian Աբգար Ե) nicknamed Ukkāmā, …

Dutch Engravings of the Armenian Alphabet

A talented Dutch illustrator, engraver, and poet of the late 17th century and early 18th century Jan Luyken lived and worked in Amsterdam. His engravings created for the cartographic 5-volume atlas “The New Marine Torch” published in 1681 as well as illustrations for the books “The Mirror of the Martyrs or the Bloody Theater” (1685) …

Previously Unseen Images of Ani

Previously Unseen Images of Ani

In Armenia, it is forbidden (by the Russian border troops) to take photographs of Ani from the Armenian side of the border. It is also prohibited to photograph two 3D models of Ani in Yerevan – the three-dimensional model of the ruins of Ani, which is on display at the History Museum of Armenia, and …

The Edessan Origin of the Shroud of Turin

The Edessan Origin of the Shroud of Turin

Since the end of the 3rd and the beginning of the 4th centuries, the Christians of the East have been spreading information about the existence of the true representation of Jesus in Edessa. The Shroud of Turin or Image of Edessa? Wilson* suggested that the disciples of Jesus, having saved the Shroud of Turin from …

Two Armenian Words for Carpets

Two Armenian Words for Carpets

In Armenian, there are two words for “carpet” – “karpet” (Armenian: կարպետ) and “gorg” (Armenian: գորգ). Although these two words in the Armenian language are synonyms, “karpet” is more often used with lint-free carpets while fluffy carpets are called “gorg”. In Armenian medieval manuscripts, the word “carpet” in the form of “kapert” was for the …

Arevvordiner in Ancient Armenia

Arevvordiner in Ancient Armenia

Arevvordiner (Children of the Sun) are mentioned by a medieval scholar Grigor Magistros (990-1058) in a letter written to the Syrian Jacobite patriarch. In the Arab sources, Arevvordiner are referred to as Shamsiya, which literally means “the people of the Sun”. Arevvordiner are described in detail by Catholicos Nerses IV the Gracious (1102-1173) in his …

A 1599 Bible With a Map of Greater Armenia

A 1599 Bible With a Map of Greater Armenia

Sam Bussan, an inquisitive student from the city of Portland (Oregon, United States), found a 1599 Geneva Bible in the basement archive of the library of the Lewis & Clark College. The Bible has belonged to Queen Elizabeth I and William Shakespeare. This rare edition of the Bible made the scriptures accessible through many elaborate …

Ancient Armenia – Land of Gold

Ancient Armenia – Land of Gold

With the fall of central power in the Akkadian Empire, northern Babylonia was occupied by mountaineers called the Gutians. Those ferocious people are described as disgusting and frightening in various notes. However, Gutians probably did not have much influence in southern Babylonia, which predominantly remained Sumerian both in terms of population and culture. Moreover, the …

Our Roots Are Our Histories

The need for national unity as the main formula for the successful historical development of an independent Armenian state and statehood is quite significant. Why is a Day of National Identity a thing now? It should have not only gained state status long ago but also be the primary Armenian national holiday. After all, one …

Arevakhach, the Armenian Swastika

Arevakhach, the Armenian Swastika

The Armenian swastika is one of the Armenian symbols of eternity and rebirth. The traditional swastika was the embodiment of light (in the broadest theological sense), hence its name Arevakhach (translated from Armenian – “solar cross”). Besides, during the sun worship period in Armenia, this sign was a symbol of the sun. The word “swastika” …

The Largest Manuscript – “Homiliarium of Mush”

The Largest Manuscript - “Homiliarium of Mush”

The largest ancient handwritten book is the Armenian “Homiliarium of Mush” kept at Institute of Ancient Manuscripts Matenadaran in Yerevan, Armenia. The manuscript weighs around 32 kilograms (70.5 lbs., without the cover). It is a copy rewritten by Vardan Karnetsi in the Monastery of Surb Karapet of Mush in 1200-1202. For the production of the …

Fashion of Armenian Rulers

Fashion of Armenian Rulers

An unprecedented display of Armenian royal costumes from artist-designer Lilit Melikyan was held in Yerevan. The Megerian carpet making museum and factory hosted the most diverse audience. Lilit Melikyan’s collection attracted not only fashion and design lovers but admirers of art in general as well as those who are interested in the history of Armenia. …

Armenian Numismatics

Armenian Numismatics

Today, the subject of the Armenian numismatics affects many people, and it is worthy of consideration.  As soon as a ruler stepped onto the throne in antiquity, he or she first initiated coinage to create money with his or her image. Taking into account the possibilities of communications of this period, coinage played an important …

Armenian Highlands as the Base of Society and Knowledge

Modern Armenia… A small state that connects Europe with Asia. Two millennia ago, it was considered one of the most powerful states in the Middle East commensurate with the Roman and Parthian Empires. Scientific research, archaeological excavations, manuscripts, ancient maps, and even the Bible contain evidence that Armenia is the cradle of civilization. In ancient …

Ancient Armenian Calendar

Ancient Armenian Calendar

Who needs simple numbers to determine time spans? After a while, the repetition of the names of the days of the week might become rather boring. The ancient Armenian calendar had a name for every hour, day, and month of the year. Along with the fact that the concept of “thirty days in a month” …

Art of Kingdom of Van

5th-4th century BC artistic metal products are noteworthy for their reflection of the influence of the culture of the Kingdom of Van (Urartu) on the culture of Achaemenid Empire. Vessels with handles in shape of winged ibex, bulls, lions, horses, rhytons with images of the same animals and riders, and pectorals (chestplates in the shape …