Category: History

Photo of Armenians of Van at a Bakery – 1915

This photograph of Armenians surrounded by Turkish soldiers gathered at Van’s public bakery in the hope of getting bread was published in the first edition of the memoirs of former US Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire Henry Sr. Morgenthau. The caption for the photograph states: “Without warning, these people were evicted from their homes and

Brief Chronology of the Pogroms of Armenians 1904-1914

June 12, 1903. By the decree of the governor of the Transcaucasia Prince Grigory Golitsyn began the confiscation of the property of the Armenian Church in Russia. The decree caused a sharp rise in anti-government sentiments among Armenians and contributed to the strengthening of the influence and authority of Armenian national parties (in particular, the

Nagorno-Karabakh Officially Was a Part of Armenia in 1921

An exceptional fact. In the first half of 1921, Nagorno-Karabakh officially was a part of Soviet Armenia. This is evidenced by the official statement of the People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs of Soviet Armenia on the status of Nagorno-Karabakh, which is dated back to June 1921. The noteworthy document is kept in the collections of

Objective idealist David the Invincible – Armenian Philosophy

Objective idealist David Anhakht or David the Invincible (6th century) was a great representative of Neo-Platonism in Armenia. His writings combine the teachings of classical Platonism with the teachings of Pythagoras and Aristotle. In his works “Analysis of the Introduction of Porphyry” and “Definitions of Philosophy”, many questions are raised about the nature of philosophical

Buzand Yeghiaian – Witness to the Three Periods of the Armenian Genocide

Buzand Yeghiaian (1900 – 1995) was an Armenian intellectual, teacher, historian, editor, and an outstanding public figure who had a great contribution in the field of education and culture of Armenia. Yeghiaian authored numerous historiographic, pedagogical, theological, and religious books, as well as plays, poems, and standalone articles. Being a renowned teacher, he gave lectures

The Budget of the Armenian Army in 1919

We present to your attention an interesting historical document. It introduces preliminary costs for the Armenian National Army. The document was prepared in 1919 by the Government of the First Republic of Armenia and approved on January 10 at the 59th assembly of the Armenian Parliament. “Issues of the agenda. The first paragraph of the

Moritz Wagner on Vasily Behbutov – Books Don’t Talk About This

Famous German traveler, biologist, and geographer Moritz Wagner during his trip to the South Caucasus visited Armenia and spent some time in Yerevan in 1843. In his books “Journey to Ararat and Armenian Highlands” and “Journey to Persia and Kurdistan”, he described his impressions about Armenia. “During my three-year wanderings in Asia, I received and

Garegin Nzhdeh – Excerpts from an Open Letter to the Commanders of the Red Army

“It was you who by deception doomed the disobedient and freedom-loving people of Karabakh, Syunik, and Vayots Dzor to robbery and massacres. Along with social devastation, you ungodly campaigned to decapitate the people inhabiting this mountainous region. You, consciously ignoring the most minimal requirements of revolutionary ethics, became the allies of the completely reactionary, inhuman,

Self-Defense of Urfa – 1915

The self-defense of the city of Urfa (Edessa) by the Armenian population occurred in September-October 1915. Before WWI, about 35 thousand Armenians lived in Urfa. Since the beginning of the war, 1.500 Armenians from Urfa, mostly young people, were drafted into the Turkish army where they would be all killed off. In the middle of

Self-Defense of Mush – 1915

The struggle of the Armenian population of the city and district of Mush against the Turkish pogroms occurred in June-July 1915. The Armenian population of Mush (Bitlis vilayet) and the surrounding villages numbered 94 thousand people. In the years of WWI, carrying out their extermination policy, the Turks first of all wanted to get it

The Ancient Arsacid Dynasty

The ancient Arsacid royal dynasty was founded by Parthian King Arsaces I in 250 BC. The Arsacid dynasty ruled in Armenia, Persia, Atropatene, Iberia, and Caucasian Albania. The Parthian branch of the Arsacids (250 BC – 224 AD), having liberated Persia from the Greco-Macedonian dynasty of the Seleucids, proclaimed its connection with the legendary kings

Zeytun Uprisings – 1877-1878, 1895

The Zeytun uprisings in 1877-78 and 1895 marked the struggle of the Armenians of the Zeytun district against Turkish despotism. Since the second half of the 19th century, the Turkish government has resorted to drastic measures to eliminate the semi-independent position of Zeytun located in Western Armenia. In as early as 1862, these actions provoked