Category «History»

Maxim Gorky – Trip to Armenia

Maxim Gorky – Trip to Armenia

Memory resurrects the tragic history of Armenia of the late 19th – early 20th centuries, the massacre in Constantinople, the Sasun massacre, the “great murderer”, and the vile indifference of the Christians of “cultural” Europe which they expressed towards the extermination of their “brothers in Christ”. The shameful act of the plunder of the church …

About Hostile Actions Against Armenia – 1920

About Hostile Actions Against Armenia – 1920

When it comes to hostile actions against the Republic of Armenia in 1920 and the demolition of Armenian statehood, it must be remembered that the first military encroachment on Armenia was made not by the Kemalists but by Azerbaijan and, after the country’s Sovietization, by Soviet Russia. The Armenian-Turkish war began in September 1920. It …

The Foundation of A.I. Mantashev and Co. – 1899

The Foundation of A.I. Mantashev and Co.

So, on June 11, 1899, the articles of association of the A.I. Mantashev and Co. joint-stock oil industry and trading company were approved, according to which the founders of the company were the Tiflis 1st guild merchant Al. Mantashiants and the Baku 1st guild merchant M. Aramiants. The fixed capital of the company was 22 …

To The Day of The Liberation of Karvachar

To The Day of The Liberation of Karvachar

April 2, 2019, marks the 26th anniversary of the liberation of Karvachar (Kelbajar). On March 27, 1993, Armenian troops launched an operation to liberate Karvachar. By March 29, the city has been surrounded. Within 3 days, the Armenian forces occupied the regional center. The population of the city had been evacuated by helicopters or had …

English Travelers in Karakilisa – 1812-1817

English Travelers in Karakilisa

English diplomat James Morier in 1812, on the way from Tiflis to Tehran, made a stop in Karakilisa (present-day Vanadzor). Morier writes in his notes: “The houses in Karakilisa, like all the houses in this country, are underground. Karakilisa is a small village that, except for being an outpost for the Russian army, is of …

Negotiations of Oil Owners and The Business Development of Mantashiants – Baku, 1892

Negotiations of Oil Owners

In November-March 1892, negotiations were held in Rostov-on-Don, in which 7 major companies producing kerosene participated: “Nobel Brothers”, “S.M. Shibaev and KO”, as well as members of the Baku Standard Al. Mantashiants, G. Lianosian, Budaghian, and… Tagiyev. In total, these firms annually produced over 700 thousand tons of kerosene, of which about 272 thousand tons …

Orphanages in Armenia in 1920

Orphanages in Armenia in 1920

At the orphanages established by the Near East Relief in 1920, there were large production centers which were organized and headed by Byrtene Anderson. One of the orphanages was located in Alexandropol (Gyumri). For its four thousand orphans, the first half of the day was a working time. They were trained in crafts and performed …

The Last Mohican of Historical Yerevan

The Last Mohican of Historical Yerevan

This majestic building of old Yerevan today resides in an unkempt and disappointing condition. The building at 38 Pushkin Street is almost the only surviving building in this historic district of Yerevan. This is a two-story mansion that used to belong to Arakel Afrikian. It was built of black tuff at the beginning of the …

The German-Armenian Society of Johannes Lepsius – 1914

The German-Armenian Society of Johannes Lepsius

In the summer of 1914, at the initiative of German public figure and doctor of theology Johannes Lepsius, the public organization German-Armenian Society was founded. For many years engaged in the Armenian issue, Johannes Lepsius has been collecting funds for the construction of shelters, schools, hospitals, and industrial enterprises for Armenians of Asia Minor and …

Manufacture of Fabrics in Old Sebastia

Manufacture of Fabrics in Old Sebastia

We present to your attention a photo from the collection of Armen Marsoobian. This photo was taken by the photo studio “Dildilian” in 1910 in Western Armenia in the city of Marzavan or Merzifon located in Sebastia in the province of Amasia. The photo shows a normal business day in the fabric manufacturing workshop belonging …