Category «History»

Why Was Garegin Nzhdeh Victorious in Syunik in 1921?

Why Was Garegin Nzhdeh Victorious

Why was Garegin Nzhdeh victorious in Syunik in 1921? Because he chose the right tactics and only relied on his army. By creating a cohesive and combat-ready national military structure and not expecting any support from anyone, he successfully repelled all the attacks of the enemy. And, most importantly, he did not believe anyone and …

How Guillaume de Lusignan Became King of Armenia

How Guillaume de Lusignan Became King of Armenia

We present to your attention one French miniature. It is part of the famous French manuscript collection created in 1401–1405 and called “Le Roman de Mélusine.” It is now stored in Paris in the National Library of France. The miniature depicts the founding of the Lusignan dynasty in Cilician Armenia in 1343 when Guy (Guillaume) …

How the Kremlin Renounced its Territorial Claims on Turkey at the Expense of Armenia and Georgia – 1953

How the Kremlin Renounced its Territorial Claims

On March 19, 1945, the Soviet Union declared that it intended to abandon the Soviet-Turkish Treaty of Friendship and Neutrality of 1925 since it “no longer corresponded to the international situation and there was a need for its serious improvement.” During WWII, Turkey led a pro-German foreign policy. In 1940, Ankara concluded a trade agreement …

The Last Days of Israel Ori

The Last Days of Israel Ori

At the beginning of the 18th century, the Russians were struggling to strengthen their positions on the shores of the Baltic, Black, and Caspian Seas. In 1701, Israel Ori arrived in Russia and presented to the Russian Tsar Peter I his program for the liberation of Armenia with the support of Russia. Peter I was …

Ani, the City of 1001 Churches

Ani, the City of 1001 Churches

The ruins of Armenian cathedrals, churches, and temples are still standing in the lost city of Ani. Currently, the city is located in Eastern Turkey, in the territory that has been once called Western Armenia. Located near the modern Russian-Turkish border, the city is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Adventurer Jeremy Curl visited …

Viceroy Nerses Haykazn, Liberator of Italy

Viceroy Nerses Haykazn, Liberator of Italy

In 550, the emperor of Byzantium Justinian I (527–565) appointed Armenian commander Nerses commander-in-chief of the Byzantine army in Italy. In 552 near Capua (city and fortress in southern Italy), Nerses Haykazn defeated the army of the Gothic King Totila (541-552), captured Rome, and conquered the Franks and Alemanni (ancient Germanic tribal alliance). In 555, …

Letter from the Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of Azerbaijan to the Bolsheviks of Goris – The Period of Occupation of Artsakh by the Russians, 1920

Letter from the Chairman

In May 1920, the Russians without declaring war invaded the First Republic of Armenia and occupied Artsakh. Soviet Azerbaijan made decisive actions to subjugate the Armenian region. To this end, the chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of Azerbaijan Nariman Narimanov appointed Asad Karayev as chairman of the Karabakh Revolution Committee. Karayev was tasked to coordinate …

The Anti-Armenian Statement of the USSR Government in 1953 After the Death of Stalin

The Anti-Armenian Statement of the USSR Government

After Stalin’s death on May 30, 1953, the Soviet government, neglecting the expectations and aspirations of the Armenian people, stated that “in order to maintain good neighborly relations and strengthen peace and security, the governments of Armenia and Georgia found it possible to abandon their territorial claims on Turkey. Thus, the Soviet government declared that …

Russian Assistance to Turkey in 1920-1922 – Chronology of the Supply of Gold and Weapons

Russian Assistance to Turkey in 1920-1922

In 1920-1922, Bolshevik Russia supported and armed Kemalist Turkey, just as Putin’s Russia today is arming and supporting Azerbaijan which had been established by the Bolsheviks. In both cases, it has been done against Armenia and Armenians. On August 16-18, 1920, Russia granted the warships “Zhutkiy” (“Eerie”) and “Zhivoy” (“Living”) to Turkey for the purpose …

The Pages of the Turkish-Bolshevik Novel

The Pages of the Turkish-Bolshevik Novel

We present to your attention a few pages from a Turkish-Bolshevik novel. Karl Marx, the founder of the communist idea “A pious deed for Christian states would be the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.” Anastas Mikoyan, Armenian Bolshevik “Armenian chauvinists, relying on imperialist allies, are promoting a chimerical idea of creating ‘Greater Armenia’ on historical …

Fraternal Gifts for the Anniversary of the Criminal Contract

Fraternal Gifts for the Anniversary

On March 16, 2011, on the 90th anniversary of the signing of the Russian-Turkish Moscow Treaty, the then Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan presented Russian President Dmitry Medvedev with a copy of the 1921 Moscow Treaty. Dmitry Medvedev, in his turn, gifted the Turkish prime minister one photo depicting the process of signing the …

Events and Facts from the Russo-Turkish Moscow Treaty of 1921

Events and Facts

On March 16, 1921, the Moscow Treaty was concluded between the nationalist government of Turkey and Bolshevik Russia. One of the results of this treaty would become the division of Armenia between Russia and Turkey. American politician, US ambassador to Germany in 1913-1917, and Democrat James Gerald (1867-1951) wrote: “On March 16, 1921, the Bolsheviks …

Lessons of History – Memoirs of Alexander Khatisian

Lessons of History – Memoirs

Below, we present the memoirs of the Prime Minister of the First Republic of Armenia Alexander Khatisian on the difficult situation in which Armenians ended up as a result of the Russian-Turkish war. He also covered the lack of prudence of the Russian side towards Armenians and the justified caution of the Georgians. “In 1915, …

Rıza Nur on the 1920 Russo-Turkish Negotiations

Rıza Nur on the 1920 Russo-Turkish Negotiations

We present to your attention an excerpt from the memoirs of Turkish political scientist, writer, and surgeon Rıza Nur. This excerpt covers the Russo-Turkish negotiations held in 1920 in Moscow. “We didn’t have the necessary weapons for the war for independence, and due to this, we considered it beneficial that I leave for Russia together …