Category «History»

From Mitanni to the Kingdom of Van

From Mitanni to the Kingdom of Van

In 15th-14th centuries BC, the leaders of Hurrian (Armenian) tribes living in the south of the Armenian Highlands between the Lake Van and mountains of Zagros managed to unite a number of Hurrian (Armenian) tribes as well as their small formations and create the state of Mitanni. Hurrian people and the people of Mitanni were closely …

Garegin Nzhdeh, a Nationalist Who Loved the Whole World

Garegin Nzhdeh, a Nationalist Who Loved the Whole World

It is very difficult to write anything about such a person as Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan (Գարեգին Տէր-Յարութիւնեան) or, as he is more commonly known, Garegin Nzhdeh (Գարեգին Նժդեհ). An exceptional individual like Garegin Nzhdeh should be listened to, and one should try to feel his every single word. Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan was born on January 1, 1886. …

What Made Us Forget the Treaty of Sevres?

Did you know that Woodrow Wilson’s Arbitral Award of territorial integrity of Armenia was mandatory for all parties regardless of their approval? Moreover, the statute of limitations is inapplicable to it. But how would it be executed now? -The present Republic of Armenia (since 1991) is the legal successor of the First Republic of Armenia …

Saint Abgar, The First Christian King

Abgar V is considered the first Christian king. In December, the Armenian Apostolic Church commemorates St. Abgar. Abgar (Աբգար) is the dynastic name of a number of rulers of Osroene, a small Hellenistic state in Northern Mesopotamia with its capital in Edessa (modern Şanlıurfa in the southeast Turkey). Abgar V (Armenian Աբգար Ե) nicknamed Ukkāmā, …

The Artsakh Province – Ancient Armenia

The Artsakh Province – Ancient Armenia

The 10th province of Greater Armenia Artsakh (Արցախ), Tsavdeits province, Minor Syunik, included the eastern part of the reservoir of Lake Sevan (Tsavdek or Sodk) before the 4th century. The lands of Artsakh mainly belonged to the Kur river’s reservoir while its south was a part of the Araks’ (Eraskh) reservoir, except for the eastern …

Urha, One of the Most Ancient Cities

Urha, One of the Most Ancient Cities

Today, we will make another trip to the sources of our history, to a city the importance of which is difficult to overestimate in Armenia. It’s about one of the oldest cities in the world, the famous Urha or Edessa. It was one of the first centers of the Armenian Northern Mesopotamia founded in the …

The Creation of Israel and Plans on Armenia – London, Versailles, and San Remo Conferences

The Creation of Israel and Plans on Armenia

At the three conferences, the Jews were represented by Theodor Herzel (founder of the World Zionist Organization) and Chaim Weizmann (the first president of Israel and the World Zionist Organization). Armenians were represented by Boghos Nubar (Պօղոս Նուպար) and Avetis Aharonian (Ավետիս Ահարոնեան). The London conference was convened in October 1918 for the discussion of …

The Surb Karapet Monastery in Mush

The Surb Karapet Monastery in Mush

Mush, 1903. Saint Karapet Church. Celebrating the Day of the Monastery. According to a legend, Gregory the Illuminator buried the relics of John the Baptist under the chapel of the monastery. Here are located the graves of many princes and military chiefs of the Mamikonyan family, including Musheg Mamikonyan, Gayl Vahan, Smbat Mamikonyan, and others. …

The Spirit of an Armenian Mother

The Spirit of an Armenian Mother

This photo shows the powerful spirit of an Armenian mother! The photo, which depicts an armed Armenian woman with her son from Shatah, was taken in Van. During the massacres in Armenia, all her relatives have been killed. She had to take her only son and flee to the mountains. They were being chased by …

Hovhannes Lazarian’s Ideas of an Armenian Kingdom

Hovhannes Lazarian’s Ideas of an Armenian Kingdom

It should be noted that Hovhannes Lazarian (Ivan Lazarev) mainly had no relation to the resettlement of Armenians in the Crimea. In Crimea, Armenians lived in a small community long before the fall of Ani, but the resettlement mainly occurred during the decline. To the settlement of Azov and its coastal areas, Hovhannes Lazarian seems …

Khardberd – Cities of Western Armenia

Khardberd – Cities of Western Armenia

Kharberd (Խարբերդ) is a city in Western Armenia (modern Turkey). Next to it is a Turkish city founded in 1834 under the name of Mamuretü’l-Aziz (El-Aziz), which is now called Elazığ and is the capital of the Elazığ province. The city has many different names. The Armenian and Byzantine authors called it Kharberd or Karberd …

The War of the Russo-Turkish Tandem Against Armenia

The War of the Russo-Turkish Tandem Against Armenia

It would be great to show this video (more specifically, the segment after the 39th minute) to everyone who tries to argue that Russia saved Armenians from the Turks. The fact that the archives of the SPD (State Political Directorate of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) and the KGB (also known as Committee for State …

Samuel S. Cox About Armenians

Samuel S. Cox About Armenians

Samuel S. Cox, an American diplomat stationed in Constantinople at the end of the 19th century, published his memoirs about the Ottoman Empire under the title of “Diversions of a diplomat in Turkey” in 1887. In one section (pages 181-182) on various ethnic groups (Arabs, Armenians, Greeks, Israelis, Kurds, Turks, etc.) of the Ottoman Empire, …

Army of Ancient Armenia

The Army of the Ancient Armenia

The history of mankind is primarily bound with wars. The armies of the world march through pages of history textbooks, fighting against each other and constantly improving their armament and combat tactics. We know a lot about the Greek, Roman military art, but the history of the Armenian army’s past is still covered. The archers …

The Edessan Origin of the Shroud of Turin

The Edessan Origin of the Shroud of Turin

Since the end of the 3rd and the beginning of the 4th centuries, the Christians of the East have been spreading information about the existence of the true representation of Jesus in Edessa. The Shroud of Turin or Image of Edessa? Wilson* suggested that the disciples of Jesus, having saved the Shroud of Turin from …

Map of Armenia in The 1919 Paris Peace Conference

Map of Armenia in The 1919 Paris Peace Conference

These maps of the First Armenian Republic were demonstrated during the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. According to the maps, the area and population of Armenia would be 350,000 square kilometers and 4.3 million people respectively. The population of the state would include 2,500,000 (58.1%) Armenians; 500,000 (11.6%) Greeks, Russians, and other Christians; 500,000 (11.6%) …

The Last Action of Crassus

The Last Action of Crassus

All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players. William Shakespeare The comparison of the world with a stage is as old as the world itself. King Artavazd II, the first Armenian playwright and the founder of the Armenian theatrical art, was also a skillful director. An interesting incident has occurred during …

Arevvordiner in Ancient Armenia

Arevvordiner in Ancient Armenia

Arevvordiner (Children of the Sun) are mentioned by a medieval scholar Grigor Magistros (990-1058) in a letter written to the Syrian Jacobite patriarch. In the Arab sources, Arevvordiner are referred to as Shamsiya, which literally means “the people of the Sun”. Arevvordiner are described in detail by Catholicos Nerses IV the Gracious (1102-1173) in his …