Category «History»

Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus About Armenia

A Gallo-Roman historian Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus described Armenia in this way: “You cannot ignore such a large kingdom, since its territory, after Parthia, is larger than the territory of all other kingdoms. Greater Armenia stretches from Cappadocia to the Caspian Sea for eleven hundred thousand steps and is seven hundred thousand steps from north to …

Yerevan, a Capital Older Than Rome

Yerevan, a City Older Than Rome

“Many once great cities have become insignificant, and those that in my time have been powerful had been void before. And since I know that human happiness is changeable, I will equally mention every of them.” Thus one of the fathers of world historiography Herodotus has spoken of great cities. It’s hard to disagree with …

Armenian Massacres and the Beginning of the Armenian Revolutionary Movement

After the appearance of the Armenian question in the international diplomatic and political arenas, there has been a sharp rise in national-patriotic movements among the Western Armenian population. That has been the time when the first parties (Armenakan Party, Social Democrat Hunchakian Party, Armenian Revolutionary Federation) have been founded. New schools, newspaper and magazine publishers …

Historians’ Remarks on Armenia’s Role in the Development of Civilization

Historians’ Remarks on Armenia’s Role

1. “No doubt, Armenians are physically more similar to the ancient inhabitants of Asia Minor depicted in Hittite and Urartian sculptural friezes than Scythians or other Indo-European nomads of Southern Russia” (David Marshall Lang, “Armenia: Cradle of Civilization”, 1970). 2. “The Armenoids are similar to the Sumerians, the inhabitants of ancient Mesopotamia” (V. A. Ketkovich, …

Ancient Armenia, the Homeland of Strong Beer

According to Xenophon, the inhabitants of the Van Kingdom have been the first to brew strong beer. Only many centuries later, the tradition of strong beer-making has been brought to life by northern people of Europe. Brewing is closely related to farming and has existed ever since people had learned to make bread of grain. …

Armenians of The Byzantine Empire – Charles Diehl

Armenians of The Byzantine Empire - Charles Diehl

The origin of many best generals and excellent administrators of Byzantine Empire is Armenia. Even some emperors came from Armenia, like Heraclius in 7th century, Leo V the Armenian and Romanos I Lekapenos in 9th century, and John I Tzimiskes in 10th century. Total number of rulers of Armenian origin of Byzantine Empire, according to …

Eleven Shots of Gourgen Yanikian

On January 27, 1973, shots of a 77 years old American-Armenian Armenian Genocide survivor Gourgen Yanikian gave rise to the struggle for the recognition of the Armenian Genocide. Gourgen Yanikian (Armenian: Գուրգեն Յանիկյան) was born on December 24, 1895 in Erzurum (Armenian: Կարին, Karin), eastern Ottoman Empire (now Turkey). It was the time of the …

The Khanasor Expedition By Armenian Fedayees

The Khanasor Expedition, organized at the end of 19th century, was one of the most expansive offensives by Armenian fedayees. It was conducted against the Kurdish Mazrik tribe and its chief Sharaf Bey in particular. The Mazrik tribe were camped in the fields of Khanasor, near Avarayr and the Turkish-Persian border. Sharaf Bey has actively …

The Lesson For Armenians From The 1878 Congress of Berlin

The Lesson For Armenians From The 1878 Congress of Berlin

The term “Armenian Question” refers to the efforts of Western Armenia directed to the protection of the Armenian nation’s self-determination and their freedom of neighboring communities’ oppressions, and revolutionary movements inside the Ottoman Turkey aimed at regaining the territorial and national individuality of Armenia. The term used in European history became commonplace among diplomatic circles …

The Reality of Western Armenia

The Reality of Western Armenia

It would be a mistake to believe that the government of Turkey avoids adapting territories of Western Armenia to their policies, fearing the probable reclamation of the region by Armenia and possible expenses. At the initiative of Turkish government, intensive construction works are taking place on the territory of Western Armenia (now Eastern Anatolia Region, …

Alexander The Great And Armenia

Surprisingly, today the most powerful tool of propaganda is cinematography. Promotion of an idea, be it false or true, good or evil, is very easy, and that easiness impresses and frightens everyone, including historians and people familiar with history. That is the reason for the high value of films made by specialists to tell information …

Athleticism in Armenia

Athleticism in Armenia

Armenians have been worshiping physical strength from ancient times. Vahagn, god of fire and war of Armenian mythology, possessed enormous power both physically and spiritually. Vahagn fought and conquered dragons, hence his title Vishabakagh, “dragon reaper”, where dragons in Armenian lore are identified as “Vishaps”. Many of Vahagn’s acts resemble the ones of Heracles. Hayk …

The Secret of Longevity of Armenian Nation

Mesrop Mashtots - Armenian Alphabet and the Secret

Falsification of Armenia’s history isn’t something new. In different times for different reasons it has been falsified, but lately the range of the alteration of facts has quite expanded. The process of falsification of Armenian historical facts has been commenced by United Kingdom which had had rich experience with it in regard to its colonies. …

Avarayr’s lessons – For the Armenian elite

In the video below the author, candidate of historical sciences Artak Movsisyan tells about the period of the history of Armenia covering the coming to power of Parthian dynasty Arshakuni as well as its fall. Particular attention is given to the period that preceded the Avarayr battle. According to the author, the study of history …

Map of The Empire of Tigranes II The Great

Map of The Empire of Tigranes II The Great

The area of the territory under rule of the King of Armenian Kingdom Tigranes the Great exceeded three million square kilometers. For comparison, the territory of Soviet Armenia with its 30,000 square kilometers was only 1% of that vast territory. Together with Artsakh the area of modern Armenia is estimated to be about 42 thousand …

Ancient Armenian Deities

Ancient Armenian Deities

Mythology of Armenian tribes and later the Armenian nation itself represents pantheons belonging to different periods of history of Armenia. Originally Urartian in nature, the pantheon was similar to religions of Near East’s states. There are signs which indicate that the ancient Armenians were initially nature worshipers and that this faith in time was transformed …