Category «History»

Turkish Documents on the Armenian Genocide

Turkish Documents on the Armenian Genocide

The contents of the documents published below are the classified instructions of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Ottoman Empire Talaat Pasha and the order of the Minister of War Enver Pasha on the extermination of Armenians residing in Turkey. Besides, you will see two letters addressed to the representative of the Young Turks …

Marco Polo and Armenia

Marco Polo (1254-1324) was a Venetian merchant and traveler who introduced the history and research of his journeys in the famous work “Book of the Marvels of the World.” The book serves as a valuable source of geographical, ethnographical, and historical knowledge about Armenia, China, Kazakhstan, Iran, and other countries. According to Marco Polo, Armenia …

Armenian Monastery’s Aid for Napoleon

The Armenian monastery located in the old Jaffa (Tel Aviv) keeps a lot of stories. At one time, it served as a haven for sailors. And another time, the outstanding French statesman Napoleon Bonaparte asked its Armenian patriarch for help. The monastery of St. Nicholas is located in one of the old ports of Tel …

Fridtjof Nansen – A Friend of Armenians

Fridtjof Nansen – A Friend of Armenians

Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930) was a Norwegian scientist, polar researcher, oceanographer, social activist, and humanist. At the end of the 19th century, he was already known to the whole world as an oceanographer and explorer of the Arctic. After the end of the World War I, Nansen was appointed the High Commissioner for Refugees of the …

Parandzem – Queen of Armenia

Parandzem – Queen of Armenia

The siege laid by the Persian army to the impregnable Armenian fortress Artagers had already lasted for fourteen months, but it seemed that neither losses nor the generous promises or threats of the enemy and not even the extremely harsh winter of 367 could break the spirit of its defenders, the Queen Parandzem and her …

Separation of Georgian and Armenian Churches

Separation of Georgian and Armenian Churches

Note: The Kingdom of Georgia, the first state associated with Georgians, appeared in the 11th century. Georgians have nothing to do with the Iberians by themselves. Therefore, anything about Georgian identity before that period probably should not be trusted entirely. Initially, the Georgian Church recognized the supremacy of the Armenian Church partly for political reasons …

King Argishti I, the Founder of Yerevan

King Argishti I, the Founder of Yerevan

A King of Kingdom of Van Argishti I, the son of Menua II, succeeded his brother and king Inushpa. During the years of his reign, the Kingdom of Van reached the zenith of its military-political power. Fighting against Assyria, Argishti got an upper hand and pushed back Assyria’s influence beyond the borders of Northern Mesopotamia, …

The Mystery of Portasar

The Mystery of Portasar

Turkey continues to distort history and appropriate the Armenian historical and cultural heritage. As the chief scientific adviser of the expedition of the Oxford University’s program “Stones and Stars” and Candidate of Biological Sciences Vachagan Vagradyan stated at a press conference in Yerevan, Turkey presents the temple complex Portasar located in Western Armenia as the Turkish …

Queen Erato of Armenia

Queen Erato of Armenia

The last monarch of the great Artashesian dynasty was Erato, the daughter of Tigranes III, the half-sister, and wife of Tigranes IV. Her date of birth is unknown.  She died after 12. Erato was the second child of the family of Tigranes III. She was born and raised in Rome (where her father lived and …

Jean-Paul Belmondo Among Armenians

Jean-Paul Belmondo Among Armenians

A few days before his 80th birthday, Jean-Paul Belmondo visited St. Petersburg where he led his creative evening. He arrived with his crony of 65 years, the French actor of Armenian origin Charles Gérard. During the meeting of friends with Petersburgers, all attention was focused on Belmondo. Meanwhile, Gérard is a famous artist, a favorite …

The Kingdom of Sophene – Ancient Armenia

The Kingdom of Sophene – Ancient Armenia

The Kingdom of Sophene was an ancient Armenian state which existed from the 3rd century BC to 94 BC. It has lost its status after the King of the Kingdom of Armenia Tigranes II the Great put it under Greater Armenia’s control. Sophene was the first Armenian kingdom to have its own mint. The Armenian Kingdom …

Rusahinili, the Ancient Capital of the Kingdom of Van

Rusahinili, the Ancient Capital of the Kingdom of Van

Rusahinili was the capital of the Kingdom of Van located on the fortified rock “Toprakkale” (modern name of the city as well) east of the city of Van. Rusahinili was built by King Rusa I (Armenian: Հրաչյա, Hrachya, according to the notes of Movses Khorenatsi. The distorted name Rusa is much more known today) after …

Tosp, the Ancient Capital of the Kingdom of Van

Tushpa, the Ancient Capital of the Kingdom of Van

Tosp (Armenian: Տոսպ ) is an ancient city, the capital of the Kingdom of Van (Urartu) in its heyday. Tosp was located on the shore of Lake Van, on the western outskirts of the modern city of Van. The main element of the architecture of Tosp was the Van rock, the residence of the kings. …

The Progressive Judiciary of Mkhitar Gosh

The Progressive Judiciary of Mkhitar Gosh

Mkhitar Gosh’s judiciary was quite progressive for its time. The progressivity of a product determines its ability to adapt to a developing society. This condition implies a constant dynamic development of the product in time. In other words, if the product is progressive at some point, then it is progressive for all times. One needs …