Category «History»

Armenia in 1918-1920 – Short Resume

Armenia in 1918-1920 – Short Resume

After the singing of the Bolshevik “decree on peace”, the front disintegrated, the soldiers left their positions, and hurried home to share the lands. The Armenians were left alone against their enemy. Turkey didn’t wait long to start an offense. Despite the heroic resistance of the scattered Armenian detachments, the offensive of Turkey was successful. …

Bolsheviks and Turks Against Armenia

Bolsheviks and Turks Against Armenia

After the Sovietization of Transcaucasia, the Bolsheviks divided the spheres of influence in the South Caucasus together with the Turkish Kemalists. Armenia was divided between Turkey and Bolshevik Russia. The Kars and Ardahan regions moved to Turkey while the territories eastward entered the sphere of influence of Russia once again. After another Armenian-Turkish war, in …

Deportations of Armenians in USSR

Deportations of Armenians in USSR

The night from June 13 to June 14, 1949, became “black” for the representatives of the Armenian people. The soldiers surrounded their houses from all sides, not allowing relatives or neighbors to approach. In the first half of 1949, the top leadership of the USSR had a plan to deport some of the Armenian people …

Armenians of Kievan Rus’ and Ukraine

Armenians of Kievan Rus’ and Ukraine

The Grand Duke of Kiev Vladimir the Great (978-1015) married Princess Anna with the aim of increasing prestige and strengthening his power. Many Armenian soldiers, scientists, architects, and Chalcedonians accompanied their compatriot Princess Anna to Kievan Rus’. Vladimir ordered the Armenian architect, who had arrived from Byzantium, to build the Church of the Holy Mother …

The Demography of Ancient and Greater Armenia

The Demography of Ancient and Greater Armenia

In the 5th-century “History of Armenia”, an Armenian historian Agatangeghos described the baptism of 4 million Armenians in Greater Armenia in 301 AD. This number may be surprising, given the prevailing opinion about the population of the planet back then. However, after 17 centuries, even more surprising is the fact that in today’s Armenia, the …

The Invasion of Alans – Artashes and Satinik

The Invasion of Alans – Artashes and Satinik

In the mid-180s BC, a powerful horde of Sarmatians crossed the Volga river and defeated the Scythians, who until then had reigned in the near Caucasian and Black Sea steppes. The leaders of the Scythians were destroyed or assimilated. Mostly, they merged with the Sarmatian ranks, further strengthening the latter. In the pre-Caucasian and Black …

Ireland and Armenia: Studies in Language, History and Narrative

Ireland and Armenia: Studies in Language, History and Narrative

The reviewed collection of scientific articles is the 61st volume of the series “Journal of Indo-European Studies”, which is authoritative in academic circles. Editors of the book are Maxim Fomin (Ireland), Alvard Jivanyan (Armenia), and Seamus Mac Mathuna (Ireland). The collection contains scientific articles exploring the historiographic, linguistic, cultural, anthropological, mythological, and other aspects of …

Mark Twain About Armenians After His Visit to Smyrna

Mark Twain About Armenians After His Visit to Smyrna

We presenting excerpts from the famous “Black Book”. In this book of accusations, famous foreigners talk about the Turkish crimes of the late 19th century and the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire in 1915. Mark Twain was one of the most famous and popular American writers. In one of his early travel books, “The …

The State of Aratta in Sumerian Sources – Artak Movsisyan

The State of Aratta in Sumerian Sources – Artak Movsisyan

The ancient Sumerian and Akkadian written monuments in Mesopotamia provide us with invaluable information on the history of Armenia in 3rd-2nd millennia BC. The Sumerians, the creators of one of the first civilizations in the world in the period prior to the establishment of Southern Mesopotamia, inhabited the regions of the northern Mesopotamia and the …

Ptolemy on the Location of the Armenia

Ptolemy on the Location of the Armenia

Greater Armenia was bordered from the north by Colchis, Iberia, and Albania along the line passing through the river Kir. From the west, it was bordered by Cappadocia along the above-mentioned part of the Euphrates and the line of the Cappadocian Pontus to Colchis via the Moshian mountains. From the east, it was bordered by …

How Armenians Freed Jerusalem, WWI

In London on October 27, 1916, halfway through World War I, a tripartite agreement was signed to establish the Armenian and Arab legions (Eastern Legion) as a part of the French army. The legions would participate in the military campaign on the Syrian-Palestinian front against Turkey. Since November 17, 1917, the legionaries began to advance …