Category «History»

Indo-European Tribes, the Descendants of Heracles?

Indo-European Tribes, the Descendants of Heracles?

Here is one interesting fact which occurs in ancient written sources and refers to the tribes involved in migration. In ancient written sources, some tribes-participants of migration (Etruscans, Celts, Germans, Slavs) are considered the descendants of Heracles. Those tribes lived around the time of the Trojan War (about the middle of the 13th century BC). …

The Armenian Army in the Battle of Gaugamela

At the time of Ervandunis, the Armenian army has indeed been powerful. In the 1st century BC, a Roman author Quintos Curcios Rupos reported that in the famous Battle of Gaugamela in 331 BC, the right wing of the allied forces led by the Persian king Darius III comprised of a 40,000 infantry and 7,000 …

The History of the Kerakhach, the Armenian Swastika

The History of the Kerakhach, the Armenian Swastika

A variation of the winged crosses – swastikas is the Armenian Kerakhach. It symbolized the patronage of the dragon fighter, the fearless, courageous, and the victorious hero Vahagn. In the end, Kerakhach became his victorious symbol personifying struggle and victory. In the Armenian epic “Sasuntsi David”, Kerakhach is denoted “paterazma khach” (“pa” – father, “ter” …

Armenians and Etruscans

One of the most ancient people of Europe are the Etruscans (their self-name is Rassena, Rasna), the oldest settlers of the Apennine peninsula. In the 1st millennium BC, they already lived in its northwestern part between the Arno and Tiber rivers. In the old days, this territory was called Etruria (now Tuscany). These ancient people …

Little-Known Details of the Operation Nemesis

Little-Known Details of the Operation Nemesis

Only few people know that the great Armenian poet Avetik Isahakyan participated in the operation Nemesis. Avetik Isahakyan (Ավետիք Իսահակյան) was born in Alexandropol on October 30, 1875. He was a prominent Armenian lyric poet, writer, and public activist. It was he who tracked down Talaat Pasha in Berlin and supplied Soghomon Tehlirian with weapons. …

Sir Khachik Paul Chater, the Father of Hong Kong

Sir Khachik Paul Chater, the Father of Hong Kong

The Armenians and Chinese are the most ancient peoples who managed to build the great civilizations of their time. The word “Armenia” in Chinese sounds “Ya-mei-ni-ya,” which’s hieroglyphs mean “The Beautiful Maid of Asia.” One of the most famous Armenian figures who managed to build his own business empire in Hong Kong was Sir Khachik …

The Most Ancient History of Armenia

The Most Ancient History of Armenia

Today, many great scientists with world-renowned names believe that Armenia is the cradle of creation and civilization. Among other sources, the Bible and the oldest Sumerian legends say about it. Following the work “The Cult of God Ar in Armenia”, a new book named “Armenia – the Cradle of Creation and Civilization” (in Armenian) was …

From the History of the Worldwide Trade Network

What I’m about to tell you, at first glance, may seem strange. When the Portuguese ships under the command of Vasco da Gama for the first time sailed to Mozambique, the natives met them very favorably. In reality, they wanted to kill the team members and seize their ships. And to lure the sailors inland, …

The City-Fortress of Kars

Since ancient times, Kars (Կարս) was considered a key possession of Asia Minor and its fortress was an impregnable stronghold. According to some suggestions, Kars was founded in the 4th century. However, references to the city were found in the Armenian and Byzantine chronicles since the 9th century. By this time, Kars was a major …

From Mitanni to the Kingdom of Van

From Mitanni to the Kingdom of Van

In 15th-14th centuries BC, the leaders of Hurrian (Armenian) tribes living in the south of the Armenian Highlands between the Lake Van and mountains of Zagros managed to unite a number of Hurrian (Armenian) tribes as well as their small formations and create the state of Mitanni. Hurrian people and the people of Mitanni were closely …

Garegin Nzhdeh, a Nationalist Who Loved the Whole World

Garegin Nzhdeh, a Nationalist Who Loved the Whole World

It is very difficult to write anything about such a person as Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan (Գարեգին Տէր-Յարութիւնեան) or, as he is more commonly known, Garegin Nzhdeh (Գարեգին Նժդեհ). An exceptional individual like Garegin Nzhdeh should be listened to, and one should try to feel his every single word. Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan was born on January 1, 1886. …

What Made Us Forget the Treaty of Sevres?

Did you know that Woodrow Wilson’s Arbitral Award of territorial integrity of Armenia was mandatory for all parties regardless of their approval? Moreover, the statute of limitations is inapplicable to it. But how would it be executed now? -The present Republic of Armenia (since 1991) is the legal successor of the First Republic of Armenia …

Saint Abgar, The First Christian King

Abgar V is considered the first Christian king. In December, the Armenian Apostolic Church commemorates St. Abgar. Abgar (Աբգար) is the dynastic name of a number of rulers of Osroene, a small Hellenistic state in Northern Mesopotamia with its capital in Edessa (modern Şanlıurfa in the southeast Turkey). Abgar V (Armenian Աբգար Ե) nicknamed Ukkāmā, …

The Artsakh Province – Ancient Armenia

The Artsakh Province – Ancient Armenia

The 10th province of Greater Armenia Artsakh (Արցախ), Tsavdeits province, Minor Syunik, included the eastern part of the reservoir of Lake Sevan (Tsavdek or Sodk) before the 4th century. The lands of Artsakh mainly belonged to the Kur river’s reservoir while its south was a part of the Araks’ (Eraskh) reservoir, except for the eastern …

Urha, One of the Most Ancient Cities

Urha, One of the Most Ancient Cities

Today, we will make another trip to the sources of our history, to a city the importance of which is difficult to overestimate in Armenia. It’s about one of the oldest cities in the world, the famous Urha or Edessa. It was one of the first centers of the Armenian Northern Mesopotamia founded in the …

The Creation of Israel and Plans on Armenia – London, Versailles, and San Remo Conferences

The Creation of Israel and Plans on Armenia

At the three conferences, the Jews were represented by Theodor Herzel (founder of the World Zionist Organization) and Chaim Weizmann (the first president of Israel and the World Zionist Organization). Armenians were represented by Boghos Nubar (Պօղոս Նուպար) and Avetis Aharonian (Ավետիս Ահարոնեան). The London conference was convened in October 1918 for the discussion of …