Category «History»

Khardberd – Cities of Western Armenia

Khardberd – Cities of Western Armenia

Kharberd (Խարբերդ) is a city in Western Armenia (modern Turkey). Next to it is a Turkish city founded in 1834 under the name of Mamuretü’l-Aziz (El-Aziz), which is now called Elazığ and is the capital of the Elazığ province. The city has many different names. The Armenian and Byzantine authors called it Kharberd or Karberd …

The War of the Russo-Turkish Tandem Against Armenia

The War of the Russo-Turkish Tandem Against Armenia

It would be great to show this video (more specifically, the segment after the 39th minute) to everyone who tries to argue that Russia saved Armenians from the Turks. The fact that the archives of the SPD (State Political Directorate of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) and the KGB (also known as Committee for State …

Samuel S. Cox About Armenians

Samuel S. Cox About Armenians

Samuel S. Cox, an American diplomat stationed in Constantinople at the end of the 19th century, published his memoirs about the Ottoman Empire under the title of “Diversions of a diplomat in Turkey” in 1887. In one section (pages 181-182) on various ethnic groups (Arabs, Armenians, Greeks, Israelis, Kurds, Turks, etc.) of the Ottoman Empire, …

Army of Ancient Armenia

The Army of the Ancient Armenia

The history of mankind is primarily bound with wars. The armies of the world march through pages of history textbooks, fighting against each other and constantly improving their armament and combat tactics. We know a lot about the Greek, Roman military art, but the history of the Armenian army’s past is still covered. The archers …

The Edessan Origin of the Shroud of Turin

The Edessan Origin of the Shroud of Turin

Since the end of the 3rd and the beginning of the 4th centuries, the Christians of the East have been spreading information about the existence of the true representation of Jesus in Edessa. The Shroud of Turin or Image of Edessa? Wilson* suggested that the disciples of Jesus, having saved the Shroud of Turin from …

Map of Armenia in The 1919 Paris Peace Conference

Map of Armenia in The 1919 Paris Peace Conference

These maps of the First Armenian Republic were demonstrated during the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. According to the maps, the area and population of Armenia would be 350,000 square kilometers and 4.3 million people respectively. The population of the state would include 2,500,000 (58.1%) Armenians; 500,000 (11.6%) Greeks, Russians, and other Christians; 500,000 (11.6%) …

The Last Action of Crassus

The Last Action of Crassus

All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players. William Shakespeare The comparison of the world with a stage is as old as the world itself. King Artavazd II, the first Armenian playwright and the founder of the Armenian theatrical art, was also a skillful director. An interesting incident has occurred during …

Arevvordiner in Ancient Armenia

Arevvordiner in Ancient Armenia

Arevvordiner (Children of the Sun) are mentioned by a medieval scholar Grigor Magistros (990-1058) in a letter written to the Syrian Jacobite patriarch. In the Arab sources, Arevvordiner are referred to as Shamsiya, which literally means “the people of the Sun”. Arevvordiner are described in detail by Catholicos Nerses IV the Gracious (1102-1173) in his …

Turkish Documents on the Armenian Genocide

Turkish Documents on the Armenian Genocide

The contents of the documents published below are the classified instructions of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Ottoman Empire Talaat Pasha and the order of the Minister of War Enver Pasha on the extermination of Armenians residing in Turkey. Besides, you will see two letters addressed to the representative of the Young Turks …

Marco Polo and Armenia

Marco Polo (1254-1324) was a Venetian merchant and traveler who introduced the history and research of his journeys in the famous work “Book of the Marvels of the World.” The book serves as a valuable source of geographical, ethnographical, and historical knowledge about Armenia, China, Kazakhstan, Iran, and other countries. According to Marco Polo, Armenia …

Armenian Monastery’s Aid for Napoleon

The Armenian monastery located in the old Jaffa (Tel Aviv) keeps a lot of stories. At one time, it served as a haven for sailors. And another time, the outstanding French statesman Napoleon Bonaparte asked its Armenian patriarch for help. The monastery of St. Nicholas is located in one of the old ports of Tel …

Fridtjof Nansen – A Friend of Armenians

Fridtjof Nansen – A Friend of Armenians

Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930) was a Norwegian scientist, polar researcher, oceanographer, social activist, and humanist. At the end of the 19th century, he was already known to the whole world as an oceanographer and explorer of the Arctic. After the end of the World War I, Nansen was appointed the High Commissioner for Refugees of the …

Parandzem – Queen of Armenia

Parandzem – Queen of Armenia

The siege laid by the Persian army to the impregnable Armenian fortress Artagers had already lasted for fourteen months, but it seemed that neither losses nor the generous promises or threats of the enemy and not even the extremely harsh winter of 367 could break the spirit of its defenders, the Queen Parandzem and her …

Separation of Georgian and Armenian Churches

Separation of Georgian and Armenian Churches

Note: The Kingdom of Georgia, the first state associated with Georgians, appeared in the 11th century. Georgians have nothing to do with the Iberians by themselves. Therefore, anything about Georgian identity before that period probably should not be trusted entirely. Initially, the Georgian Church recognized the supremacy of the Armenian Church partly for political reasons …

King Argishti I, the Founder of Yerevan

King Argishti I, the Founder of Yerevan

A King of Kingdom of Van Argishti I, the son of Menua II, succeeded his brother and king Inushpa. During the years of his reign, the Kingdom of Van reached the zenith of its military-political power. Fighting against Assyria, Argishti got an upper hand and pushed back Assyria’s influence beyond the borders of Northern Mesopotamia, …

The Mystery of Portasar

The Mystery of Portasar

Turkey continues to distort history and appropriate the Armenian historical and cultural heritage. As the chief scientific adviser of the expedition of the Oxford University’s program “Stones and Stars” and Candidate of Biological Sciences Vachagan Vagradyan stated at a press conference in Yerevan, Turkey presents the temple complex Portasar located in Western Armenia as the Turkish …

Queen Erato of Armenia

Queen Erato of Armenia

The last monarch of the great Artashesian dynasty was Erato, the daughter of Tigranes III, the half-sister, and wife of Tigranes IV. Her date of birth is unknown.  She died after 12. Erato was the second child of the family of Tigranes III. She was born and raised in Rome (where her father lived and …