Category «History»

Rusahinili, the Ancient Capital of the Kingdom of Van

Rusahinili, the Ancient Capital of the Kingdom of Van

Rusahinili was the capital of the Kingdom of Van located on the fortified rock “Toprakkale” (modern name of the city as well) east of the city of Van. Rusahinili was built by King Rusa I (Armenian: Հրաչյա, Hrachya, according to the notes of Movses Khorenatsi. The distorted name Rusa is much more known today) after …

Tosp, the Ancient Capital of the Kingdom of Van

Tushpa, the Ancient Capital of the Kingdom of Van

Tosp (Armenian: Տոսպ ) is an ancient city, the capital of the Kingdom of Van (Urartu) in its heyday. Tosp was located on the shore of Lake Van, on the western outskirts of the modern city of Van. The main element of the architecture of Tosp was the Van rock, the residence of the kings. …

The Progressive Judiciary of Mkhitar Gosh

The Progressive Judiciary of Mkhitar Gosh

Mkhitar Gosh’s judiciary was quite progressive for its time. The progressivity of a product determines its ability to adapt to a developing society. This condition implies a constant dynamic development of the product in time. In other words, if the product is progressive at some point, then it is progressive for all times. One needs …

Armenians in China

Armenians in China

The Armenian and Chinese people knew about each other’s existence from immemorial times. The word “Armenia” in Chinese sounds “Ya-mei-ni-ya,” hieroglyphs of which mean “the beautiful maid of Asia.” In Armenian sources, legends, and fairy tales, China is called a country of chenes, Chinumachin, or Chinastan. According to the preserved thousands-years-old information, Armenians visited China …

King Levon VI – Buried Not in Armenia

The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia fell with the overthrow of Levon VI in 1375. For almost three centuries, Cilicia has served as a stronghold of Christianity in the Middle East working with the crusaders, while trying to maintain a balanced relationship with the strengthening Muslim neighbors. Levon VI, who was the last king of Cilicia …

Platon Zubov About the Armenians

The Armenians, whose kingdom once reached the Euphrates and Tigris, both the Black and Caspian Seas, and had their northern border at Tiflis, lost their sovereign identity in 428. It is possible to decisively connect the era of the decline of the Armenian Kingdom with the fall of the Arsacid dynasty. The power of the …

King Zarmayr Haykazuni – Ancient Armenia

Zarmayr Haykazuni (Armenian: Զարմայր Հայկազունի) was the 29th king of Ancient Armenia from the Haykazuni dynasty. He ruled in 1192-1180 BC. During his reign, Zarmayr brought his army to Troy to help the king of Troy Priam to defend it. He died by the walls of Troya. His death caused great unrest in Armenia and …

The Kingdom of Van During The Reign of Hrachya II

The Kingdom of Van During The Reign of Hrachya II

At the beginning of the 7th century BC, Hrachya II (commonly known as Rusa II. The name “Hrachya” instead of “Rusa” was mentioned by Armenian historian Movses Khorenatsi) made a successful attempt to restore the former power and prestige of the Kingdom of Van (Urartu), which had been in a state of decline due to …

Kingdom of Van And Assyria

Kingdom of Van And Assyria

In 745 BC, the king of Assyria Tiglath-Pileser III gave a beginning to a conflict between his state and Kingdom of Van. It was a part of his policy of reforming Assyria and strengthening its positions in Western Asia. In 735 BC, Tiglath-Pileser III assaulted the capital of Kingdom of VanTosp, but was unable to …

Dvin, The Ancient Capital of Armenia

Dvin, The Ancient Capital of Armenia

The map featured in the video below was drawn by Roman historians almost two thousand years ago. It depicts the whole world known to Romans and the Great Silk Road in particular. The Great Silk Road was a network of trade routes established during the rule of Han Dynasty of China, which at that time …

Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus About Armenia

A Gallo-Roman historian Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus described Armenia in this way: “You cannot ignore such a large kingdom, since its territory, after Parthia, is larger than the territory of all other kingdoms. Greater Armenia stretches from Cappadocia to the Caspian Sea for eleven hundred thousand steps and is seven hundred thousand steps from north to …

Yerevan, a Capital Older Than Rome

Yerevan, a City Older Than Rome

“Many once great cities have become insignificant, and those that in my time have been powerful had been void before. And since I know that human happiness is changeable, I will equally mention every of them.” Thus one of the fathers of world historiography Herodotus has spoken of great cities. It’s hard to disagree with …

Armenian Massacres and the Beginning of the Armenian Revolutionary Movement

After the appearance of the Armenian question in the international diplomatic and political arenas, there has been a sharp rise in national-patriotic movements among the Western Armenian population. That has been the time when the first parties (Armenakan Party, Social Democrat Hunchakian Party, Armenian Revolutionary Federation) have been founded. New schools, newspaper and magazine publishers …

Historians’ Remarks on Armenia’s Role in the Development of Civilization

Historians’ Remarks on Armenia’s Role

1. “No doubt, Armenians are physically more similar to the ancient inhabitants of Asia Minor depicted in Hittite and Urartian sculptural friezes than Scythians or other Indo-European nomads of Southern Russia” (David Marshall Lang, “Armenia: Cradle of Civilization”, 1970). 2. “The Armenoids are similar to the Sumerians, the inhabitants of ancient Mesopotamia” (V. A. Ketkovich, …