The traditional attire of Armenian women from Artsakh is a testament to the rich cultural tapestry of the region. The image shows a woman adorned in an elaborate costume, highlighting the intricate craftsmanship and the vibrant history of Artsakh.
Artsakh, known in ancient texts as Small Syunik or Orkhistene, is a significant historical region located within the Armenian Highlands. It was the 10th province of the Greater Armenia. In 387 AD, following the division of Armenia between Iran and the Roman Empire, the Armenian provinces of Artsakh and Utik were, for a brief period, overseen by the Sassanians of Iran in collaboration with their vassal state, Caucasian Albania. This encompassed the territories of present-day Nagorno-Karabakh and its surrounding regions.
The 9th century saw the rise of the Armenian principality of Khachen, centered in Artsakh. By the turn of the first millennium, it had evolved into the Kingdom of Artsakh. This kingdom stands out as one of the final medieval eastern Armenian sovereignties to retain its autonomy, especially during the onslaught of Turkic invasions spanning from the 11th to the 14th centuries.
Historical inscriptions from the era of the Armenian Kingdom of Van (also referred to as Ararat, Urartu, or Armaniya) have mentioned this region using various names including “Ardakh”, “Urdekhe”, and “Atakhuni”.
The attire, as seen in the image, offers a glimpse into the rich traditions of Artsakh. The elaborate headdress, accentuated with silver ornaments and coins, symbolizes the wealth and status of the wearer. The vibrant reds and deep greens in the costume represent vitality and life, while the intricate jewelry showcases the exquisite craftsmanship typical of the region. Every piece, from the cascading necklaces to the ornate belt, tells a story of the land’s history, its people, and their undying spirit.
Image source: Bijoutex Bijoutex