Armenian of Artsakh in WWII

Image Source: Armenia and Armenian People in the World War II

The history of Artsakh, a region steeped in cultural and historical significance, reveals a remarkable chapter during the tumultuous times of World War II. In 1939, the population of Artsakh stood at 150,838, with Armenians making up 90% of its inhabitants. This demographic composition set the stage for an extraordinary event during the war – a level of mobilization that surpassed even that of Germany, a principal belligerent in the conflict.

The Context of 1939 Artsakh

Before delving into the events of World War II, it’s crucial to understand the demographic landscape of Artsakh in 1939. The region, predominantly Armenian, was home to a tight-knit community whose roots in the area stretched back centuries. Armenians constituted 90% of the population, reflecting a strong ethnic and cultural identity. This demographic detail is pivotal when considering the subsequent mobilization efforts during the war.

Mobilization During World War II

As the war escalated, Artsakh faced a significant call to arms. Over 45,000 people, equating to 32% of the Armenian population in the region, were drafted into military service. This figure is staggering, particularly when put into perspective: in terms of percentage, more individuals were mobilized from Artsakh than in Germany, a nation at the forefront of the war.

This high level of mobilization from Artsakh underscores the immense commitment and sacrifice of its people during a global crisis. It’s a testament to the sense of duty and resilience that the Armenians of Artsakh exhibited, as they contributed significantly to the war effort despite their small population.

The Impact of Mobilization

The mobilization in Artsakh had profound implications both during and after the war. On a personal level, it meant that almost every family in Artsakh was directly affected by the war, with many losing loved ones or facing long separations. The social fabric of the region underwent a dramatic transformation, as the war brought both suffering and a deepened sense of community and national pride.

Economically and demographically, the mobilization led to a significant shift. With a large proportion of the population engaged in the war, those left behind faced the challenge of maintaining the region’s economic stability and social structure. It was a period that tested the resilience and resourcefulness of the Artsakh Armenians.

This chapter in the history of Artsakh offers invaluable insights into the character and resilience of the region. It is a poignant reminder of the sacrifices made by small communities in the larger tapestry of global events like World War II. As we remember the conflicts of the past, the story of Artsakh and its people during this era stands as a powerful testament to the human capacity for courage and unity in the face of adversity.


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