How and where did the great Sumerian civilization come from? Many scientists have been and are still struggling to solve the mystery of the origin of this unique civilization, but riddles still remain, there are a lot of questions the answers to which have not been found yet.
The author of the article published below, cartographer Grigor Beglaryan, shared his versions, which, we think, will interest the readers.
German archeologist Heinrich Schliemann, who is known for his excavations of ancient Troy, wrote in his diary shortly before his death, “The whole European culture considers itself the heir to the Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations, not realizing that both of them, in their turn, originate from the ancient Armenian civilization.”
The axiom is the following – the Armenian civilization was and is one of the first on the Earth, the Armenian language was and is the oldest language among the existing today and probably extinct languages as well. The Armenian nation was and is the initial quintessence of human culture that nourished and continues to feed the whole world in all fields of knowledge and art.
The proofs of this in history are innumerable, but now, it will be a question of another field of science, namely geography, more precisely, toponymy. And here, one can meet the testimonies of historians, both Armenian and foreign, on where and how culture and civilization originated. The Armenian Highlands are unique in toponymic terms.
Since the 6th-5th millennia BC, the Armenian nation has been developing, the Armenian language has existed, tens of thousands of names have been given and then recorded, reflecting all the diversity and countless impressions and situations of the oldest autochthonous people.
Most Armenian geographical names, which are related to anthropogeny and, especially, geography, are 3-4 thousand years old. All of them eloquently testify to the Armenian-centric structure of the ancient world. Here are just a few examples.
For many years, scientists were unable to decipher the Sumerian cuneiforms. They didn’t manage to come to unambiguous conclusions about where the Sumerian civilization came from and what the Sumerians meant in their legends. All the data, including the very name of Sumer, are perceived by contemporaries indirectly through the Akkadian language.
Opinions only converge in the fact that the Sumerians in Mesopotamia came from the sea, from some mountainous country, and their gods lived on some planet Nibiru, the 12th (?) planet in the Solar System, which passes its perihelion (the point of least distance to the Sun) every 3600 years. The name of the Sumerians is translated from Akkadian as blackheads and the name Nibiru as cross, intersection.
Again, we leave aside the issues of the Sumerian cuneiform script, which can only be read in Armenian, and the issue of the origin of the Sumerians, these mysterious “blackheads” who came from a mountainous country – maybe from the sea, or maybe just by water (Herodotus has mentioned a water passage from the Euphrates River to Lower Mesopotamia).
We are now interested in two names – Sumer and Nibiru. So, the homeland of the former is being looked for in Bahrain-Dilmun while the location of the latter is being stubbornly searched for in the sky. You have already guessed, of course, where exactly it is necessary to look for them – in Armenia, on the Armenian Plateau!
So, it is a well-known fact that one of the gavars (provinces) of the region of Akhdznik of Greater Armenia was Np’rkert with a capital of the same name, on the site (or nearby) of which Tigranes the Great established his capital Tigranakert.
Now, Np’rkert is called Silvan or Farkin and is located in the Diyarbakir province of Turkey. There is no reliable etymology of the Np’rkert toponym in Armenian studies. However, for an unbiased researcher, the conclusion suggests itself unequivocally. We can single out the Armenian suffix kert, which denotes a populated place. But the mysterious Np’r still remains.
The analogy with Nibiru is obvious for two reasons:
The first is the well-known and frequent dropout of vowels in many languages.
Secondly (and this is perhaps the main reason), in the ancient Armenian toponymic system, endings “u” have been used quite a lot, denoting the feature of this or that toponym.
This feature is often found in the period of Kingdom of Van (Urartu). Moreover, in the western part of the gavar of Np’rkert, in the system of the Sasun mountains, there is the Niribu or Nirbu ridge. An obvious alternation of syllables! At the foot of the ridge are the villages of Niribu-Alianz, Niribu-Melikyants, Niribu-Tsovants, and Niribazan. All of them were based around the ancient city of Nirbu to the northwest of Ayni (Haini).
Finally, south of the ridge and the villages of Nirbu-Niribu, in the upper reaches of the river Ambar flowing to the left into Tigris is the village of Nipirtash (without alternating syllables) near the ruins of the same name. Nipirtash is the Turkic word for the Armenian Nibirkar – that is, the Nibir stone. In its turn, stone (Armenian: քար, kar) in Armenian toponymy is a synonym for avan, shen (Armenian: ավան, շեն), that is, a fortified settlement.
On the basis of all that has been said, one can, we think, conclude that the ancestral home of the Sumerians, which they wrote legends about after they moved to Mesopotamia, was Armenia, which was called by them Nibiru.
What does this name mean in Armenian? The primary form of the toponym should be considered the option of Naver or Naveru, which denoted graves, burial grounds with the graves of their ancestors. There are dozens of such names (in its original meaning) in the Armenian Highlands, and above all are the famous necropolises of Verin and Nerkin (Upper and Lower) Naver near the village of Parpi, which have been studied for many years. The leader of the research group Hakob Simonyan discovered evidence of Armenia being the home of the whole Indo-European civilization.
Thus, the Sumerian Nibiru, the planet of the gods which gave a rise to their culture, is nothing but Armenia, a mountainous country from which the black-headed people moved to Mesopotamia and established their own state.
And what about the very name of Sumer? What is the connection with Armenia? The most direct! Judge yourself – on the Armenian Plateau, there are several dozens of toponyms derived from Dzmar, Zmar, or Zmer.
The most famous among them is the ancient city of Zimara or Zimarra in the west of Greater Armenia near the famous Binkan as well as the village of Dzmarakhach south of the ruins of the ancient Parthava in Utica. And all these “Dzmara” and “Zmara” are written with a soft “r” (Armenian: Զմարա or Ձմարա), so the names have nothing to do with the Armenian word for “winter” (ձմեռ, dzmer̄.).
And if you remember the affix “z” in the front of some consonants widely used in grabar (Classical Armenian), it would be very easy to restore the original version of the toponym of Sumer – Z-mer (Armenian: մեր or զմեր, (z)mer, English: our, most likely meant our people). It turns out that Sumer is our civilization, and Nibiru-Armenia is their Olympus!
There are hundreds of similar examples of the preservation of the toponyms of neighboring cultures in Armenia! In the future, we hope to acquaint our readers with other ancient “civilizational” toponyms of Armenia, but for now, let us present you with one small clarification about the next “riddle” of history.
So, let’s recall one more ongoing dispute of the scientific elite on the “mysterious” Hyksos. And again, let us note that the name is consonant with Hayk, hayksos, and hayots.
We will just introduce a single but significant Armenian toponym. In Lesser Armenia, in Malatia, there is a village called Hyskos!
15 thoughts on “Armenia, The Homeland of the Sumerians?”
” Armenian word for “winter” (ձմեռ, dzmer̄.).”
Probably in winter cold seasons Armenians used lower Land of ”Sumer” as Agricultural Fertile Land .
Your comment makes sense. My grandfather told me the whole town of Sis used to go to the mountain in summer, leaving the town and carrying the cattle and all the needs.
Grigor jan 1000 thank you to you for clarifying the words of Sumer & Nibiru.
I was searching a girls name in Armenian that started with the word Haya but Google search brought me to a site I believe it’s called thewordmeaning.com not 100% sure I lost the page. The definition showed the Word Haya as a Hebrew word and origins were Hebrew and Swahili… I left them a Hint to do research before
they incorrectly display a hijacked word.
I would love to read and see more of your postings and work and do my part in educating the public about the true history of mankind as I believe our Gods and ancestors did not give us the knowledge and wisdom for us to call ourselves “gods chosen people” but to spread it all over the world just like our creator spread the seeds of life throughout the earth.
Came to a realization that Armenian historical facts, ancient artifacts, and writings got lost in translation that confirms an advanced civilization became something other than what they were, written books by many authors written with nothing but incorrect interpretations, in case of many compound words that only translate correctly in one Language.
This is funny! How people are trying to prove themselves as Gods! So sorry for the author, I don’t really mean to laugh at his belief. But I can certainly tell a different story, from a HUNgarian point of view. Here it is:
Our legends goes back to the times of Nimrod, who was a big hunter of his time. He had twin sons, Hunor and Magor, who later became the forefathers of the Huns and Magyars (Hungarians, name given by Romans, not knowing to make a difference between the 2 brother nation).
The legend continues that when Nimrod’s sons went hunting, they found a beautiful stag, which they followed, and so, they arrived in a foreign land with turkik appearance. Then they stole two of their daughters and married them (hence my motherly ancestral H2a1 haplogroup). When those people (Armenians?) found out, they went on war with them. Of course, Hunor and Magor being princes, they had their army troops with them. Obviously, they won the battle, and continued searching for the beautiful stang, until they reached the Pannonia basin (today encompasses Hungary and the Carpathian mountains). They then sent a messenger to their father, telling him they found a perfect place for the horses to graze, and that they want to settle there. That caused several waves of northerly migration to the “land of grasses” of Nimrod’s people (Sumerians, Assirians. Elamites?), some of which wandered up to the Ural mountains, then eastward to China, causing the Chinese to build their famous wall, and to Siberia (I have an hg A line in my DNA), from where they divided. Some went back to the Pannonia, which we all know the story of Attila and his “hordes”; others continued eastward to N. America, Japan and Korea. After Atilla’s death, most huns either went back to Mongolia or assimilated with the neighboring people, except 3,000 people, who today calls themselves Székely. Bela, one of Atilla’s son, remained there as their leader. They are my ancestors. They settled in the high hills of the Carpathian mountains, who continued their warrior lifestyle, as border guards, for the newly arrived brother nation, the Magyars.
Now, let’s go back to the Sumerian/Armenian story from above! The author mentions a few names and settlements. Let’s start with Urartu.
I believe the letter “u”, in most cases, is the wrongly latinized translation of the hungarian “a”, which is short, and sounds like the English “o” from “mommy” or the “u” or “ou” from “plought”. This happened, because the Latin alphabet doesn’t have a letter that sounds like the hungarian “a”. When we read Urartu using the hungarian “a”, we get Ararta or Aratta, which means “has been plought”. Did they referred to the land? Due to its mountainous lands, I don’t think so. But it could be that they had lands used for agriculture, and Urartu was known for it. It could also refer to it’s people that had been massacred or “plought” down. Hence, for the other town mentioned above, Nipirtash.
Nipirtash could easily mean népírtás (the hungarian s = sh in English), literally meaning “massacre”. And the stone at that site, called Nibir, wich Armenians translated it Nibirkar, “kar” being “stone”, and referring to a cemetery-like place. It all adds up!
Now, the word Np’rkert.
“Kert” is translated in Armenian as “a populated place”. But they have no idea about the Np’r! Viewing it in Hungarian, the Np, may mean the “nap”, meaning both “sun” and “day”. “Kert” means “garden”.
Going back to the original Urartu or Ararta/Aratta, as being a “plought” land, with its city meaning “sun bathed garden” (Np’rkert = “a populated place in Armenian) locality, it makes totally sense! But, the mentioned “Kingdom of Van”, referring to Urartu, doesn’t! Why?
Well, phonetically, it doesn’t match. But the name Van came much later, from the city name of Tushpa.
Armenian is an Indo-European language, where the word “wan” and later “van”, ment “water”. Looking back one last time to Urartu, as the land that has been plought and having sun bathed garden cities, we can easily see the connection to water. The city of Van could have had major irrigation systems, because it is located at the edge of Van lake. It has absolutely nothing to do with the name Urartu!
I also seen another word, “a locality called Verin. I believe it was referenced to the cemetery. This is interesting! In Hungarian, “vér” means “blood”, and “in” means “artery”. This may have lots to do with our legend.
When Hunor and Magor stole the 2 daughters to marry them, the then Armenian? people started a war. It could have been exactly that place where the battle, and so, the massacre (Nipirtash or “Népírtás”) occurred, and where the Nibir stone was erected in the memory of those lost people.
It also could be that Armenian? people begged for mercy, and they did a pact with blood. And/or, by the marriages taken place (I assume that many soldiers have taken women for themselves, as well); thus, this place called Verin or Vérin (blood flown in the vein/artery), could have been a symbol of their pact for peace, by mixing the 2 nations blood.
Hence, many of today’s Hungarians, just like most Armenians, have an mtDNA haplogroup of H2a1, based on their MATHERNAL lineage.
I took the time to write this, because now the outsiders can see that in different people’s views, those ancient words can mean different things. The only difference is that:
1. There absolutely NO mtDNA of H2a1, the DNA of most Armenians, was found in lower Mesopotamia/Sumer!
2. The Armenian language is an Indo-European language. Sumerian language was a language isolate, meaning is unrelated to any modern language. But it was also an agglutinative language, similarly to the Hungarian, Elamite, Mongolian Turkik, and many others, but NOT the Armenian!
3. Armenians don’t have a well defined myth or legend, connecting them to the Sumerians. Hungarians, however, do. Not only! Nimrod, the father of Hunor and Magor, who became the fathers of the Huns and Magyars, is mentioned in Bible, in history and in the Gilgamesh’s poems.
4. Until this very day, Hungarians still use those same ancient names, as they were written. No other nation is known for that!
Now is up to the reader to decide, which history is true!