Fifty years ago it was impossible to analyze DNA. Few decades later there was some progress, but such an analysis was still more close to fantasy than reality. More recently the ghostly possibility of this kind of analysis cost a very large amount of money while today it is quite common.
The ease of DNA analysis gives us various opportunities. For instance, it helps Armenians nullify pathetic attempts of their neighbors to appropriate the historic territories of Armenian Highlands.
Science is developing so rapidly that it might be possible to take an air sample from the Armenian Highland in order to determine all the falsity and senselessness of the propaganda which neighboring states are spending huge sums of money on.
So far, numerous analyses have been performed:
1. According to the study of the Department of Evolutionary Biology of Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Tartu, Estonia, conducted in 2004, the ancestors of Armenians lived in different parts of Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey, which shows that historical Armenia was much larger territory than the present Republic of Armenia.
2. Study of DAT1 VNTR alleles and genotypes among old ethnic groups of Mesopotamia conducted in 2007 by Banoi, Chalesti, Sanyati, Shariati, Hauschman, Majidzade, Soltani and Goliapur concluded, that Armenians are an ethnic group of native people of Caucasus and eastern Anatolia where there is a great concentration of this community, especially in Armenia.
3. Movsesian and Kochar, 2000, “The skull similarity between modern Armenians and Armenians of 1600 – 700 BC points out the continuity of the genetic connection with the ancient population.”
4. “Armenians are a separate ethnic group that emerged from the Neolithic tribes of the Armenian Highlands,” S. Litvinov, A. Kutuev, V. Yunusbaev, R. Khusainova, R. Valiev, E. Khusnutdinova.
5. “40% of Armenian genes date back to the Paleolithic era,” Levon Yepiskoposyan said.
6. Armenians belong to 13 different genetic groups, ages of which are tens of thousands of years old. At the same time, in the last 4000 years there are no traces of any invaders or foreigners in the DNA of the Armenians which makes them “homogeneous in all their diversity.”
As a result of testing of more than 300 samples it was found out that the Armenian DNA branches are the basis of many branches of Europe.
Armenians without a doubt have always found the strength and the ability to renew throughout time, continuing to live. Different nations at different time periods named Armenia and Armenians differently.
The Sumerians called Armenia Aratta, the Akkadians who succeeded the Sumerians in the second half of the third millennium BC called them Armani or Armanum.
The Hittites, who established an empire in the second millennium BC, used the name Hayas, and the Assyrians, who arose in the second half of the second millennium BC called them Uruatri or Urartu (Ararat in the Bible).
Now those people no longer exist in their original form, and the names of Armenia they used perished with them.
Aratta is considered the first Armenian state mentioned in ancient texts. Records about Armenia can be found in the old Sumerian Epos about Gilgamesh. It is believed that these texts are approximately 4800 years old but this does not mean that the state of Aratta did not exist even before that.
Potbelly Hill (Turkish: Göbekli Tepe, Armenian: Պորտասար or Պորտաբլուր) temple complex was built about 12000 years ago in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of modern-day Turkey, indicating the existence of a high level of organization of society (Armenian state?) back then which is undoubtedly necessary for such a grandiose work.
Quentin Atkinson and Russell Gray have proven that the Armenian language has already been isolated from the common mainland in the Armenian Highlands, the theorized ancestral homeland of Indo-Europeans, about 8500 years ago.