Recent revelations made by Armenian archaeologists may lead to the complete rewriting of the history of the Ancient World in the near future.
It should be noted that Armenia often stayed out of the study of ancient civilizations and was “not involved” in the main events of the general historical turnover. Almost always the interest of researchers was limited to the territory of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Of course, it was impossible to completely exclude Armenia from the issue of the formation of ancient civilizations. For this, the scientists had sufficient evidence.
However, one way or another, Armenia dropped out of the list of “leaders”. But the latest data collected by Armenian archaeologists turned everything upside down and changed the situation.
In 1975, ancient necropolises were found on the southern slopes of the Armenian mountain Aragats. This discovery immediately attracted the attention of many archaeologists. Soon, the origins of the name of the location, Naver, became clear as well.
In most ancient European languages, “nev” or “nav” means “ship” or “grave”. It also had a sacred meaning “the souls of the dead on ships carried to the afterlife.” Researchers were stunned by the abundance of unknown facts that showed the world a number of such “ships”.
The burial mounds are dated at 3 000 – 2 000 BC. This was confirmed by radiocarbon analyses of artifacts, which were conducted in laboratories in the US and Germany. So it turns as out that the discovered burial sites bearing information about Aryan culture are currently the oldest in the world.
Surprisingly, the dating is confirmed by written sources of historians of ancient Armenia. For example, Movses Khorenatsi in his “History” states that the son of Hayk, the progenitor of the Armenian people, settled with his family on the southern slopes of Aragats. According to the calendar of an Armenian historian Ghevond Alishan, it happened around 2492 BC.
Nerkin Naver has mostly graves of high-ranking people, while Verin Naver features peasants. In the Lower Graves, archaeologists found 8 princely burial mounds, and in the Upper Graves, about 70 mounds of common people were unearthed.
The material collected during the excavations makes it possible to confidently assert that Armenia is the homeland of the Indo-European civilization.
Additionally, here, researchers found evidence of production technology unique for its time. All these amazing findings lead to a completely new level of interpretation of the development of civilizations.
At the burial site, researchers found a huge number of bones of revered animals, weapons, gold ornaments, beautifully ornamented red and black polished jugs.
All these findings can be considered a “classic” set as it is characteristic of the burials of that time. However, this burial place stands out among the others thanks to some sensational findings. They give a fairly clear idea of the significance and role of the ancient Armenian civilization.
These burial sites in all respects correspond to the Aryan notions. Like other complex-nature Aryan burial rituals, here, women were buried on their left sides, while men on their right. Each royal burial ground featured bones of 2 sacrificial horses.
But the most striking finding is iron bits. The chemical analysis data showed that they are identical in composition with the most ancient metal products known from Aladzha-Uyuk and Dorak. In fact, this is the third such find in the world, dating from the 23rd century BC.
Additionally, an unusual statue, the only one of its kind, was discovered. According to the archaeologists, this is one of the most ancient tombstones of the pre-Christian period. This is the most valuable exhibit, like no other in the whole world.
Another black mound had a black jug with 6 pairs of 4-spoke chariot wheels on each side. This is specific only to the oldest chariot wheels.
Yet another striking find is a red glazed jug, which depicts a herd of domesticated thoroughbred horses. Their pedigree is evidenced by their braided tails and cropped manes. This circumstance is a weighty argument in favor of the fact that Armenia is the birthplace of horse breeding.
The overall scene is complemented by beads of colored glass, elegant golden jewelry, and quartz ware. The latter’s discovery is quite amazing. Quartz only melts at a temperature of about 1700C, so the ancient people already had the technology for it.
The production of similar-quality glass wasn’t developed in the Ancient East in the 3rd millennium BC. At least, it seemed that way. Even older (to be precise, about 1 thousand years older) glass beads were also found in the city of Shengavit.
Another find is an unusual medallion with a carved image of a pagan god on its surface. Despite its antiquity, the medallion is perfectly preserved. This is the only medallion of such kind that was found in the region, which substantially increases its value.
The last discovery, a 23rd-century BC rapier, occupies a special place with its importance. This is the first fully professional military weapon discovered. As shown by spectral analysis, the rapier was made of bronze. Isotopic analysis revealed the Armenian origins of the copper ore.
All these finds intersect with the artifacts found in the ancient city of Shengavit, which also testifies to the rapid development of technology and crafts in the region.
Archaeologist and professor of Pennsylvania University Michel Rottman, a participant of the Shengavit excavations, said that all the data suggest that the culture of ancient Armenia began to spread around the world around the 3rd millennium BC.
According to Rottman, Armenia is an absent fragment in the general mosaic of the history of ancient civilizations. Naver and Shengavit supplement the missing “elements” that scientists encountered while studying the ancient culture of Mesopotamia.
The words of the scientist echo the ancient Mesopotamian sources, which say that knowledge from such fields as gardening, construction, bread making, metallurgy, winemaking, and many other crafts spread to Mesopotamia from Armenia.
At present, archaeologists and scientists from all over the world continue to work in Armenia. Data from archaeological excavations is constantly being updated thanks to their research. The discovered evidence is invaluable as it allows to fill in the gaps in the history of both Armenia and the whole world.