The Story of the Catalan Day of the Armenian Gift

The Story of the Catalan Day of the Armenian Gift

In the Catalonian city of Tarragona every year in September, Santa Tecla, one of the largest and brightest holidays of the city, is celebrated. It is also called the day of the Armenian gift. The history of the holiday has its roots in the distant past. When Paul the Apostle preached Christianity in Spain, he …

The Mysterious Monument Gavazan – Tatev, Armenia

The Mysterious Monument Gavazan – Tatev, Armenia

Gavazan (Գավազան), one of the most unique Armenian architectural monuments of the Middle Ages, is located in the courtyard of Tatev Monastery. The monument was built in 904-905. It is an octagonal tower with eight meters of height and is crowned with a khachkar of the Holy Trinity at the top. The main feature of …

Kayan Berd – Lori, Armenia

Kayan Berd fortress is located between the Haghpat (Հաղպատավանք) and Sanahin (Սանահին) monasteries (Lori Province), on the promontory between two canyons. Judging by the wall inscriptions, it was built by the rector of the Haghpat monastery Bishop Hovhannes in 1233.t was called the fortress “Haghpat Surb Nshan” (the names Kayan berd and Dsevank have been …

The Connection of Karahunj with The Pyramids of Giza

The megalithic complex in southern Armenia called Karahunj (Zorats Karer) is not only the most interesting structure in Armenia but also one of the most mysterious stone compositions in the world. How is it different from other megaliths? Firstly, almost all of them date back at the 4th-3rd millennium BC while the age of Karahunj …

The State of Aratta in Sumerian Sources – Artak Movsisyan

The State of Aratta in Sumerian Sources – Artak Movsisyan

The ancient Sumerian and Akkadian written monuments in Mesopotamia provide us with invaluable information on the history of Armenia in 3rd-2nd millennia BC. The Sumerians, the creators of one of the first civilizations in the world in the period prior to the establishment of Southern Mesopotamia, inhabited the regions of the northern Mesopotamia and the …

The Gndevank Monastery – Arpa Canyon, Armenia

The Gndevank Monastery – Arpa Canyon, Armenia

The Gndevank Monastery is located near the village of Gndevaz in the canyon of the Arpa River, the walls of which were formed of basalt hexagons. Along with the canyon of the Azat river, over which the fortress of Garni stands, the canyon of Arpa is the most beautiful “symphony in stone” in the territory …

Edessa and the Origins of Armenian Letters

Edessa and the Origins of Armenian Letters

The city of Edessa (Urfa) has a sacral significance. Firstly, in its museum, there is a seal with the image of King Scorpio with hieroglyphic inscriptions. It depicts drawings reminiscent of the Narmer’s pallet images and the pommel of King Scorpio’s maces. When reading the Urfan hieroglyphic inscriptions, one should use the archaic grabar (“gir” …

Ptolemy on the Location of the Armenia

Ptolemy on the Location of the Armenia

Greater Armenia was bordered from the north by Colchis, Iberia, and Albania along the line passing through the river Kir. From the west, it was bordered by Cappadocia along the above-mentioned part of the Euphrates and the line of the Cappadocian Pontus to Colchis via the Moshian mountains. From the east, it was bordered by …

Baghaberd – Kapani Berd – Armenia

Baghaberd – Kapani Berd - Armenia

Baghaberd (Բաղաբերդ, otherwise known as Kapani berd) is a fortress located in the Syunik province, Armenia, between the cities of Kapan (Կապան) and Kajaran (Քաջարան), near the confluence of the rivers Geghi (Գեղի) and Voghji (Ողջի). The fortress is located at an altitude of 200 meters above the rivers. The controversial issue in the history …

How Armenians Freed Jerusalem, WWI

In London on October 27, 1916, halfway through World War I, a tripartite agreement was signed to establish the Armenian and Arab legions (Eastern Legion) as a part of the French army. The legions would participate in the military campaign on the Syrian-Palestinian front against Turkey. Since November 17, 1917, the legionaries began to advance …