The Edessan Origin of the Shroud of Turin

The Edessan Origin of the Shroud of Turin

Since the end of the 3rd and the beginning of the 4th centuries, the Christians of the East have been spreading information about the existence of the true representation of Jesus in Edessa. The Shroud of Turin or Image of Edessa? Wilson* suggested that the disciples of Jesus, having saved the Shroud of Turin from …

Map of Armenia in The 1919 Paris Peace Conference

Map of Armenia in The 1919 Paris Peace Conference

These maps of the First Armenian Republic were demonstrated during the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. According to the maps, the area and population of Armenia would be 350,000 square kilometers and 4.3 million people respectively. The population of the state would include 2,500,000 (58.1%) Armenians; 500,000 (11.6%) Greeks, Russians, and other Christians; 500,000 (11.6%) …

Two Armenian Words for Carpets

Two Armenian Words for Carpets

In Armenian, there are two words for “carpet” – “karpet” (Armenian: կարպետ) and “gorg” (Armenian: գորգ). Although these two words in the Armenian language are synonyms, “karpet” is more often used with lint-free carpets while fluffy carpets are called “gorg”. In Armenian medieval manuscripts, the word “carpet” in the form of “kapert” was for the …

The Last Action of Crassus

The Last Action of Crassus

All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players. William Shakespeare The comparison of the world with a stage is as old as the world itself. King Artavazd II, the first Armenian playwright and the founder of the Armenian theatrical art, was also a skillful director. An interesting incident has occurred during …

The Famous Cave Complex of Azokh

The Famous Cave Complex of Azokh

In the world, there are not so many caves like Azokh. It is unique by its location on the pathway of ancient migrants. The Azokh cave is one of the most famous sites of the Near East from Stone Age. It was mentioned more than once by ancient Armenian historians. During the Mongol-Tatar invasions here, …

Arevvordiner in Ancient Armenia

Arevvordiner in Ancient Armenia

Arevvordiner (Children of the Sun) are mentioned by a medieval scholar Grigor Magistros (990-1058) in a letter written to the Syrian Jacobite patriarch. In the Arab sources, Arevvordiner are referred to as Shamsiya, which literally means “the people of the Sun”. Arevvordiner are described in detail by Catholicos Nerses IV the Gracious (1102-1173) in his …

A Paleolithic Monument in Armenia

A Paleolithic Monument in Armenia

During the archaeological excavations in the Aghavnatun area of the Armavir province in Armenia, an Armenian expeditionary group found a very interesting Stone Age monument. The head of the archaeological expedition and a researcher of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia Boris Gasparyan thinks that the monument …

Ancient Hillfort of Lchashen – Armenia

Ancient Hillfort of Lchashen – Armenia

The village of Lchashen is located on the northern steep slope of the Geghama Mountains, towering above the surrounding territory. In the eastern part of the village, there is a historical place, which is one of the most important archaeological monuments found in the territory of modern Armenia. In the 1950s, as a result of …

The First Printed Map of the World

The First Printed Map of the World

In the second half of the 17th century, Armenian printing was experiencing rapid development in Europe. In 1695 in Amsterdam, the Armenian printing house headed by Tovmas Vanandetsi published a unique work, the first printed map of the world “Hamatarats Ashkharhatsuyts” (“Geographic Map of the World”). The first large-scale map of the both hemispheres in …

The Oldest Human Brain – Areni Cave, Armenia

The Oldest Human Brain – Areni Cave, Armenia

The oldest known human brain was found in Armenia. The unique find was discovered by Armenian archaeologists during excavations in the cave Areni-1 or, as it is also called, the “Bird Cave” in the southwest Armenia. It is a perfectly preserved human brain, perhaps the most ancient one ever found. According to the preliminary visual …

A 1599 Bible With a Map of Greater Armenia

A 1599 Bible With a Map of Greater Armenia

Sam Bussan, an inquisitive student from the city of Portland (Oregon, United States), found a 1599 Geneva Bible in the basement archive of the library of the Lewis & Clark College. The Bible has belonged to Queen Elizabeth I and William Shakespeare. This rare edition of the Bible made the scriptures accessible through many elaborate …

Turkish Documents on the Armenian Genocide

Turkish Documents on the Armenian Genocide

The contents of the documents published below are the classified instructions of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Ottoman Empire Talaat Pasha and the order of the Minister of War Enver Pasha on the extermination of Armenians residing in Turkey. Besides, you will see two letters addressed to the representative of the Young Turks …

Concealment of the Origins of Armenian Artifacts

Concealment of the Origins of Armenian Artifacts

Undoubtedly, Armenia and the Armenian Highlands are the most interesting historical places on earth. This makes Armenians happy and proud even though some of their valuable artifacts are found during excavations on the territories of the Armenian Highlands that are not a part of the modern Republic of Armenia. That’s because all these finds are …

Marco Polo and Armenia

Marco Polo (1254-1324) was a Venetian merchant and traveler who introduced the history and research of his journeys in the famous work “Book of the Marvels of the World.” The book serves as a valuable source of geographical, ethnographical, and historical knowledge about Armenia, China, Kazakhstan, Iran, and other countries. According to Marco Polo, Armenia …

Lord Byron and the Armenian Language

On December 2, 1816, Lord Byron arrived at the Monastery of Mekhitarists in Venice to study the Armenian language. With the help of the abbots from the monastery of the island of San Lazzaro degli Armeni (Saint Lazarus of the Armenians), the poet got actively acquainted with the Armenian manuscripts and later would speak about …

A Stone Book in Kharberd – Historical Armenia

A Stone Book in Kharberd – Historical Armenia

In historical Western Armenia on the territory of ancient Kharberd, an ancient stone book with Armenian engravings was discovered. It was found during archaeological excavations in the city of Elazığ (historical Kharberd) located in the territory of modern Turkey near the Armenian church of Surb Karapet (Սուրբ Կարապետ, the Turkish name – Kizil-Kilise). The stone …

Armenian Monastery’s Aid for Napoleon

The Armenian monastery located in the old Jaffa (Tel Aviv) keeps a lot of stories. At one time, it served as a haven for sailors. And another time, the outstanding French statesman Napoleon Bonaparte asked its Armenian patriarch for help. The monastery of St. Nicholas is located in one of the old ports of Tel …