The Artsakh Province – Ancient Armenia

The Artsakh Province – Ancient Armenia

The 10th province of Greater Armenia Artsakh (Արցախ), Tsavdeits province, Minor Syunik, included the eastern part of the reservoir of Lake Sevan (Tsavdek or Sodk) before the 4th century. The lands of Artsakh mainly belonged to the Kur river’s reservoir while its south was a part of the Araks’ (Eraskh) reservoir, except for the eastern …

Urha, One of the Most Ancient Cities

Urha, One of the Most Ancient Cities

Today, we will make another trip to the sources of our history, to a city the importance of which is difficult to overestimate in Armenia. It’s about one of the oldest cities in the world, the famous Urha or Edessa. It was one of the first centers of the Armenian Northern Mesopotamia founded in the …

The Creation of Israel and Plans on Armenia – London, Versailles, and San Remo Conferences

The Creation of Israel and Plans on Armenia

At the three conferences, the Jews were represented by Theodor Herzel (founder of the World Zionist Organization) and Chaim Weizmann (the first president of Israel and the World Zionist Organization). Armenians were represented by Boghos Nubar (Պօղոս Նուպար) and Avetis Aharonian (Ավետիս Ահարոնեան). The London conference was convened in October 1918 for the discussion of …

Smbataberd Fortress – Vardenis, Armenia

Smbataberd Fortress – Vardenis, Armenia

The ruins of the Smbataberd fortress are located in the southwestern part of the Vardenis mountain range at a height of 200 meters above sea level, in the eastern part of Artabuynk village (Vayots Dzor province), surrounded by inaccessible rocks steeply breaking into the canyons, where Artabun (Արտաբուն) and Eghegis (Եղեգիս) rivers flow. The high …

The Tapi Fortress – Armenia

The Tapi Fortress - Armenia

The fortress of Tapi was also called “Gevorg Marzpetuni” in honor of sparapet (Սպարապետ – a title of a supreme commander of the armed forces in ancient and medieval Armenia) Marzpetuni. The complex is located on the right bank of the Khosrov River near the entrance to the Khosrov Reserve, on the northwestern outskirts of …

Daroynk – Arhsakavan Near the Foot of Mount Ararat

Daroynk – Arhsakavan Near the Foot of Mount Ararat

Daroynk (Դարոյնք) or Arshakavan (Արշակավան) is a city-citadel at the southern foot of Mount Ararat at an altitude of 2000 meters above sea level. It was built in the 1st-4th centuries under the kings of the Arshakuni (Arsacid) dynasty. During the existence of the Kingdom of Van and presumably in the 8th century BC, the …

The Horomayr Monastery – Lori Province, Armenia

The Horomayr Monastery – Lori Province, Armenia

The Horomayr monastery is located to the southeast of Odzun (Օձուն) village in Lori province. The monastery was one of the most important spiritual centers of medieval Armenia and was founded in the 7th century. The monastic complex includes two one-nave vaulted churches and a vestibule located between them. The main church was built in …

Ardahan, a Fortress of the Kingdom of Van

Ardahan, a Fortress of the Kingdom of Van

Local residents (Turks and Kurds) call the Ardahan (Արդահան) fortress “Shaitan Kale” or “Castle of the Devil”. The exact name and date of its construction are unknown. A clue to it could be the traces of ancient settlements around the castle which, like the fortress, have architectural features of the Kingdom of Van’s architectonics. Unfortunately, …

The Surb Astvatsatsin Chapel – Dzordzor Monastery, Iran

The Surb Astvatsatsin Chapel – Dzordzor Monastery, Iran

An Armenian monastery of the 7th century Dzordzor (Ծոր Ծորի) is located in the territory of modern Iran in the province of Artaz. The Dzordzor chapel has been at its peak during the 14th-17th centuries when Shah Abbas forcibly moved Armenians to the center of Iran. The Surb Astvatsatsin chapel is the only surviving structure …

The Surb Karapet Monastery in Mush

The Surb Karapet Monastery in Mush

Mush, 1903. Saint Karapet Church. Celebrating the Day of the Monastery. According to a legend, Gregory the Illuminator buried the relics of John the Baptist under the chapel of the monastery. Here are located the graves of many princes and military chiefs of the Mamikonyan family, including Musheg Mamikonyan, Gayl Vahan, Smbat Mamikonyan, and others. …

The Spirit of an Armenian Mother

The Spirit of an Armenian Mother

This photo shows the powerful spirit of an Armenian mother! The photo, which depicts an armed Armenian woman with her son from Shatah, was taken in Van. During the massacres in Armenia, all her relatives have been killed. She had to take her only son and flee to the mountains. They were being chased by …

Hovhannes Lazarian’s Ideas of an Armenian Kingdom

Hovhannes Lazarian’s Ideas of an Armenian Kingdom

It should be noted that Hovhannes Lazarian (Ivan Lazarev) mainly had no relation to the resettlement of Armenians in the Crimea. In Crimea, Armenians lived in a small community long before the fall of Ani, but the resettlement mainly occurred during the decline. To the settlement of Azov and its coastal areas, Hovhannes Lazarian seems …

Khardberd – Cities of Western Armenia

Khardberd – Cities of Western Armenia

Kharberd (Խարբերդ) is a city in Western Armenia (modern Turkey). Next to it is a Turkish city founded in 1834 under the name of Mamuretü’l-Aziz (El-Aziz), which is now called Elazığ and is the capital of the Elazığ province. The city has many different names. The Armenian and Byzantine authors called it Kharberd or Karberd …

The War of the Russo-Turkish Tandem Against Armenia

The War of the Russo-Turkish Tandem Against Armenia

It would be great to show this video (more specifically, the segment after the 39th minute) to everyone who tries to argue that Russia saved Armenians from the Turks. The fact that the archives of the SPD (State Political Directorate of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) and the KGB (also known as Committee for State …

Dutch Engravings of the Armenian Alphabet

A talented Dutch illustrator, engraver, and poet of the late 17th century and early 18th century Jan Luyken lived and worked in Amsterdam. His engravings created for the cartographic 5-volume atlas “The New Marine Torch” published in 1681 as well as illustrations for the books “The Mirror of the Martyrs or the Bloody Theater” (1685) …

Previously Unseen Images of Ani

Previously Unseen Images of Ani

In Armenia, it is forbidden (by the Russian border troops) to take photographs of Ani from the Armenian side of the border. It is also prohibited to photograph two 3D models of Ani in Yerevan – the three-dimensional model of the ruins of Ani, which is on display at the History Museum of Armenia, and …

Life in Armenian Cities of Turkey (+Photo)

Life in Armenian Cities of Turkey

In the past, the city of Mush, which is now located in Turkey, was a major Armenian center. At the beginning of the 20th century, more than ten thousand Armenians lived there. By 2015, that is, exactly 100 years after the Armenian Genocide, almost all ancient buildings were demolished as the Turkish government have been …