King Tigranes the Great In Opera

King Tigranes the Great In Opera

Who is the king who has the most number of operas dedicated to him? Curiously enough, that king is Tigranes the Great, King of the Kingdom of Armenia in 95-55 BC. There are 23 operas about him in total, written by known European composers. This might be good news for lovers of music and opera …

Millennial Gospel of Tsughrut Has Been Repaired

Millennial Gospel of Tsughrut Has Been Repaired

The Gospel of Tsughrut (Akhaltsikhe region, Georgia), which is one of the most valuable artifacts of medieval Armenian miniature, has received new life. Locals considered the Gospel the guardian of the village, attributed miracles to it, and didn’t wish to part with it even temporarily. The employees of the Restoration department of Matenadaran were compelled …

Peculiarities of Armenian Language

Armenian language and its alphabet are unbelievably diverse. You can often see how Armenian names lose their simplicity after being translated to other languages because some letters of the alphabet need to be replaced with multiple characters for the transliteration to represent the characters of the original as closely as possible. For comparison, English alphabet, …

Alexander The Great And Armenia

Surprisingly, today the most powerful tool of propaganda is cinematography. Promotion of an idea, be it false or true, good or evil, is very easy, and that easiness impresses and frightens everyone, including historians and people familiar with history. That is the reason for the high value of films made by specialists to tell information …

Athleticism in Armenia

Athleticism in Armenia

Armenians have been worshiping physical strength from ancient times. Vahagn, god of fire and war of Armenian mythology, possessed enormous power both physically and spiritually. Vahagn fought and conquered dragons, hence his title Vishabakagh, “dragon reaper”, where dragons in Armenian lore are identified as “Vishaps”. Many of Vahagn’s acts resemble the ones of Heracles. Hayk …

Pyramid of Ararat Plain

For several years archaeologists of Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of National Academy of Sciences of Republic of Armenia have conducted excavations near the settlements of the Ararat plain in collaboration with American research group. Their searches have resulted in the discovery of unusual building, dated back to III-II millenniums BC. The construction resembles the …

Armenian Mountain Horses

Armenians have been one of the first nations to tame and breed horses. Armenian horse is one of the most ancient strains of horses in the world. Numerous notes and literature sources contain evidence about the significance of horses to Armenian people. Horses have been used in cavalry, hunting, and as means of transportation. In …

Khosrov Forest State Reserve – Armenia

Khosrov Forest State Reserve - Armenia

In 5th century Armenian historian Movses Khorenatsi mentioned the Khosrov Reserve which was founded by King Khosrov III of the Kingdom of Armenia, whom the reserve is named after. Nature of the reserve has remained untouched for 17 centuries. The reserve has an area of 29196 hectares of which 9000 hectares are forested. The flora …

Makaravank Monastery – Armenia

Makaravank Monastery - Armenia

10th to 13th century church complex Makaravank is located in Tavush province, Armenia, 3 km southeast of village Achajur, on the slope of Paitatap Mountain. The main temple, according to inscriptions on a khachkar south of it, was completed in 1205. It was built of carefully cut andesite stones, and includes two sacristies with an …

Monastic Complex Shkhmuradi, Armenia

Shkhmuradi monastery has been built during 12th-13th centuries in valley of Varagadzhur river, and now is located in 6 km from village Tsaghkavan (also known as Melikgyugh) in Tavush province, Armenia. Monastic complex includes a church, a chapel, and two vestibules. The monastery probably received its name after nearby commune Shkhmurad (Shkhmuradi meaning of Shkhmurad). …

The Secret of Longevity of Armenian Nation

Mesrop Mashtots - Armenian Alphabet and the Secret

Falsification of Armenia’s history isn’t something new. In different times for different reasons it has been falsified, but lately the range of the alteration of facts has quite expanded. The process of falsification of Armenian historical facts has been commenced by United Kingdom which had had rich experience with it in regard to its colonies. …

We Are All Armenians

We Are All Armenians

With or without “yan” in the end of our surnames. People who are either 100% or 1% Armenian. Children who were adopted and accepted into Armenian families, or wives and husbands who married representatives of our community. People who are in Armenia and who are scattered throughout the globe. Immigrants in the fifth-generation and even …

Avarayr’s lessons – For the Armenian elite

In the video below the author, candidate of historical sciences Artak Movsisyan tells about the period of the history of Armenia covering the coming to power of Parthian dynasty Arshakuni as well as its fall. Particular attention is given to the period that preceded the Avarayr battle. According to the author, the study of history …

Armenian Writings of Leonardo da Vinci

Armenian Writings of Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 1452 – 2 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of …

Exhibition “Armenia, A Legend of Being”

Exhibition “Armenia, A Legend of Being”

About a year ago the Russian audience was given an opportunity to witness more than 160 unique Armenian showpieces in the State Historical Museum of Russia. The exhibits had been transferred to the museum from the History Museum of Armenia, Etchmiadzin Cathedral Museum, and the Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts (Matenadaran). Introduced exhibits have …

Map of The Empire of Tigranes II The Great

Map of The Empire of Tigranes II The Great

The area of the territory under rule of the King of Armenian Kingdom Tigranes the Great exceeded three million square kilometers. For comparison, the territory of Soviet Armenia with its 30,000 square kilometers was only 1% of that vast territory. Together with Artsakh the area of modern Armenia is estimated to be about 42 thousand …

Armenian-American Inventor Oscar Banker – Asatour Sarafian

Armenian-American Inventor Oscar Banker

Armenian-American inventor Oscar H. Banker (born Asatour Sarafian; 1895 – January 1979) developed and patented many devices, including an automatic transmission for automobiles, the needleless inoculation gun, the primary controls of the first Sikorsky helicopter, and power steering. He is considered by some people as the “father of automatic transmission.” Asatour Sarafian was born in …