The Avedis Zildjian, One of the Oldest Companies

At the very beginning of the 17th century, an alchemist named Avedis created a special alloy of metals that produced noises, which were then not only used in creation of excellent music, but, for example, frightened enemies in battles. The Ottoman Sultan Osman II christened Avedis the surname “Zildjian” (from the Turkish word zil – …

Mysterious Disappearance of Serkisof Demiryolu’s Founder

Mysterious Disappearance of Serkisof Demiryolu’s Founder

Watches of Turkish watch manufacturer Serkisof Demiryolu were quite popular in the Ottoman Empire between the end of 19th century and the beginning of 20th century. The founder of the company was Armenian-Turkish jeweler Serkisof (Armenian: Սարգիսով), who established Serkisof Demiryolu in 1880. Customers of his company were high-ranked officials and statesmen of the Ottoman …

Ancient Armenia, the Homeland of Strong Beer

According to Xenophon, the inhabitants of the Van Kingdom have been the first to brew strong beer. Only many centuries later, the tradition of strong beer-making has been brought to life by northern people of Europe. Brewing is closely related to farming and has existed ever since people had learned to make bread of grain. …

Hidden Khachkars Near the Tmbkaberd Fortress, Georgia

Tmbkaberd was a Medieval Armenian fortress in Gugark province of the Greater Armenia. Now it is located in Georgia, on the left shore of the Kura river (Turkish: Kura, Armenian: Կուր, Kur). Under the rule of prince Tatul, who has been famous for his bravery and incorruptibility, it has been one of the most powerful …

Tombs of Armenian Kings – Aghdzk, Armenia

Archaeologist Hakob Simonyan presented the results of unique excavations conducted in village of Aghdzk, Aragatsotn province, Armenia, during which remains of Armenian kings were discovered. According to Simonyan, the remains, which have been found not in the Arshakid Kings Mausoleum and Basilica, but under the adjacent church’s pavement, belong to the kings of Artaxiad and …

Ancient Tomb in Gavar, Armenia

In Hatsarat, town of Gavar, Gegharkunik province, Armenia, a tomb of Kingdom of Van’s period has been discovered. According to Doctor of Historical Sciences and head of the scientific research division of Service for The Protection of Historical Environment of Ministry of Culture of Republic of Armenia Ashot Piliposyan’s, the finds dated at 7th century …

Armenians of The Byzantine Empire – Charles Diehl

Armenians of The Byzantine Empire - Charles Diehl

The origin of many best generals and excellent administrators of Byzantine Empire is Armenia. Even some emperors came from Armenia, like Heraclius in 7th century, Leo V the Armenian and Romanos I Lekapenos in 9th century, and John I Tzimiskes in 10th century. Total number of rulers of Armenian origin of Byzantine Empire, according to …

Fortress of Bjni, The “Unapproachable Abode of Gods”

Fortress of Bjni, The “Unapproachable Abode of Gods”

Chroniclers named the fortress of Bjni the “unapproachable abode of gods”. For the first time the village of Bjni was mentioned in History of Armenia of Armenian historian and chronicler Ghazar Parpetsi in 5th century, while the fortress itself has been spoken of since 10th century, when it began to gain political significance. In 11th …

Natural Caves of Lastiver – Armenia

Natural Caves of Lastiver - Armenia

The Lastiver caves are located in the gorge of the Khachaghpyur River, 3 km from the village of Yenokavan, Tavush province, Armenia. The local population sheltered in these natural caves during the Tatar-Mongol invasion of the 13th-14th centuries. On the walls of the caves unknown artists left bas-reliefs of astonishing beauty, perfectly preserved to the …

Eleven Shots of Gourgen Yanikian

On January 27, 1973, shots of a 77 years old American-Armenian Armenian Genocide survivor Gourgen Yanikian gave rise to the struggle for the recognition of the Armenian Genocide. Gourgen Yanikian (Armenian: Գուրգեն Յանիկյան) was born on December 24, 1895 in Erzurum (Armenian: Կարին, Karin), eastern Ottoman Empire (now Turkey). It was the time of the …

2 Million Years Old Monument In Armenia

2 Million Years Old Monument In Armenia

A monument of ancient culture has been discovered during an expedition of youth movement “Trans-Baikal Geoarchaeology” of Russian Geographical Society. Near town of Stepanavan, Lori province, Armenia, archaeologists have discovered a structure of approximately 2 million years of age. The find has been named Yagdan (Russian: Ягдан). It resembles archaic tools and weapons such as …

Underground Temple In Arinj, Armenia (+Video)

Underground Temple In Arinj, Armenia

A resident of the village Arinj built an underground temple under his own house, height of which reaches one of 7-storey buildings. “Amazing! Terrific! Incredible! ” – in different languages foreign tourists exclaim. “How could we not know about this before?” Armenians and their compatriots express their amazement. Every time the same words of astonishment …

Gigantic Anthropomorphic Steles In The Republic of Artsakh

Gigantic Anthropomorphic Steles In The Republic of Artsakh

Near the village Nor Karmiravan, Martakert province, Republic of Artsakh, 3 thousand years old anthropomorphic steles have been discovered. They are considered one of the most significant finds belonging to the pre-Christian Armenian culture. According to archaeologists, stone sculptures similar to these steles can be found only in Artsakh’s region. The steles are separated into three …

Mysterious Finds In Armenia – Giants of Nairi

Mysterious Finds In Armenia – Giants of Nairi

Anthropologists, scientists and independent researchers have been discovering remains of tall people in the mountains of Armenia for many years. Today, residents of many villages of Armenia are convinced that there have been entire cities of giants in the distant past. Numerous tombs found in Gyumri, Lchashen, Khot, Yeghvard, Goshavank, Ohanavan, and other settlements might …

The Khanasor Expedition By Armenian Fedayees

The Khanasor Expedition, organized at the end of 19th century, was one of the most expansive offensives by Armenian fedayees. It was conducted against the Kurdish Mazrik tribe and its chief Sharaf Bey in particular. The Mazrik tribe were camped in the fields of Khanasor, near Avarayr and the Turkish-Persian border. Sharaf Bey has actively …

The Lesson For Armenians From The 1878 Congress of Berlin

The Lesson For Armenians From The 1878 Congress of Berlin

The term “Armenian Question” refers to the efforts of Western Armenia directed to the protection of the Armenian nation’s self-determination and their freedom of neighboring communities’ oppressions, and revolutionary movements inside the Ottoman Turkey aimed at regaining the territorial and national individuality of Armenia. The term used in European history became commonplace among diplomatic circles …