The Most Ancient History of Armenia

The Most Ancient History of Armenia

Today, many great scientists with world-renowned names believe that Armenia is the cradle of creation and civilization. Among other sources, the Bible and the oldest Sumerian legends say about it. Following the work “The Cult of God Ar in Armenia”, a new book named “Armenia – the Cradle of Creation and Civilization” (in Armenian) was …

The San Gregorio Armeno Monastery in Naples

The San Gregorio Armeno Monastery in Naples

The history of this monastery goes back to the 8th century. At this time, the Byzantine emperors of the Isaurian dynasty were preoccupied with the increasing number of monasteries that absorbed human, land, and financial resources and also brought a rather ambiguous veneration of icons. Since 726, the era of iconoclasm began, which had several …

From the History of the Worldwide Trade Network

What I’m about to tell you, at first glance, may seem strange. When the Portuguese ships under the command of Vasco da Gama for the first time sailed to Mozambique, the natives met them very favorably. In reality, they wanted to kill the team members and seize their ships. And to lure the sailors inland, …

The Tatev Monastery – Armenia

The Tatev Monastery – Armenia

Tatev Monastery (Armenian: Տաթեւի վանք) is a monastic complex of the 9th-13th centuries located in the Syunik province, Armenia, in 20 km from the town of Goris. Over its existence, it has been the spiritual center of Syunik since the 9th century. The complex also includes the hermitage of Tatevi Anapat. In 1995, the Tatev …

Armenia, The Homeland of the Sumerians?

Armenia, The Homeland of the Sumerians?

How and where did the great Sumerian civilization come from? Many scientists have been and are still struggling to solve the mystery of the origin of this unique civilization, but riddles still remain, there are a lot of questions the answers to which have not been found yet. The author of the article published below, …

The City-Fortress of Kars

Since ancient times, Kars (Կարս) was considered a key possession of Asia Minor and its fortress was an impregnable stronghold. According to some suggestions, Kars was founded in the 4th century. However, references to the city were found in the Armenian and Byzantine chronicles since the 9th century. By this time, Kars was a major …

Old Pre-Sumerian Rock Carvings – Ukhtasar, Armenia

Old Sumerian Rock Carvings – Ukhtasar, Armenia

Rock carvings dating at the 5th-9th millennia BC were discovered in Armenia. The unencrypted petroglyphs are considered Pre-Sumerian. In the opinion of an English astronomer Olcott, people who invented the ancient constellation figures lived between 36 ° and 42 ° northern latitudes, presumably in the area near Mount Ararat and in the Euphrates River valley. …

From Mitanni to the Kingdom of Van

From Mitanni to the Kingdom of Van

In 15th-14th centuries BC, the leaders of Hurrian (Armenian) tribes living in the south of the Armenian Highlands between the Lake Van and mountains of Zagros managed to unite a number of Hurrian (Armenian) tribes as well as their small formations and create the state of Mitanni. Hurrian people and the people of Mitanni were closely …

Armenia in the Bible

Armenia in the Bible

The information about Armenia in the Bible has exceptional value because it relates to the most fateful events of mankind, the creation of the world and the rebirth of mankind after the Great Flood. It tells how the Lord created mankind in Eden, the Paradise, from which the four rivers, Euphrates, Tigris, Pishon, and Geon, …

Garegin Nzhdeh, a Nationalist Who Loved the Whole World

Garegin Nzhdeh, a Nationalist Who Loved the Whole World

It is very difficult to write anything about such a person as Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan (Գարեգին Տէր-Յարութիւնեան) or, as he is more commonly known, Garegin Nzhdeh (Գարեգին Նժդեհ). An exceptional individual like Garegin Nzhdeh should be listened to, and one should try to feel his every single word. Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan was born on January 1, 1886. …

What Made Us Forget the Treaty of Sevres?

Did you know that Woodrow Wilson’s Arbitral Award of territorial integrity of Armenia was mandatory for all parties regardless of their approval? Moreover, the statute of limitations is inapplicable to it. But how would it be executed now? -The present Republic of Armenia (since 1991) is the legal successor of the First Republic of Armenia …

Saint Abgar, The First Christian King

Abgar V is considered the first Christian king. In December, the Armenian Apostolic Church commemorates St. Abgar. Abgar (Աբգար) is the dynastic name of a number of rulers of Osroene, a small Hellenistic state in Northern Mesopotamia with its capital in Edessa (modern Şanlıurfa in the southeast Turkey). Abgar V (Armenian Աբգար Ե) nicknamed Ukkāmā, …

The Artsakh Province – Ancient Armenia

The Artsakh Province – Ancient Armenia

The 10th province of Greater Armenia Artsakh (Արցախ), Tsavdeits province, Minor Syunik, included the eastern part of the reservoir of Lake Sevan (Tsavdek or Sodk) before the 4th century. The lands of Artsakh mainly belonged to the Kur river’s reservoir while its south was a part of the Araks’ (Eraskh) reservoir, except for the eastern …

Urha, One of the Most Ancient Cities

Urha, One of the Most Ancient Cities

Today, we will make another trip to the sources of our history, to a city the importance of which is difficult to overestimate in Armenia. It’s about one of the oldest cities in the world, the famous Urha or Edessa. It was one of the first centers of the Armenian Northern Mesopotamia founded in the …

The Creation of Israel and Plans on Armenia – London, Versailles, and San Remo Conferences

The Creation of Israel and Plans on Armenia

At the three conferences, the Jews were represented by Theodor Herzel (founder of the World Zionist Organization) and Chaim Weizmann (the first president of Israel and the World Zionist Organization). Armenians were represented by Boghos Nubar (Պօղոս Նուպար) and Avetis Aharonian (Ավետիս Ահարոնեան). The London conference was convened in October 1918 for the discussion of …

Smbataberd Fortress – Vardenis, Armenia

Smbataberd Fortress – Vardenis, Armenia

The ruins of the Smbataberd fortress are located in the southwestern part of the Vardenis mountain range at a height of 200 meters above sea level, in the eastern part of Artabuynk village (Vayots Dzor province), surrounded by inaccessible rocks steeply breaking into the canyons, where Artabun (Արտաբուն) and Eghegis (Եղեգիս) rivers flow. The high …

The Tapi Fortress – Armenia

The Tapi Fortress - Armenia

The fortress of Tapi was also called “Gevorg Marzpetuni” in honor of sparapet (Սպարապետ – a title of a supreme commander of the armed forces in ancient and medieval Armenia) Marzpetuni. The complex is located on the right bank of the Khosrov River near the entrance to the Khosrov Reserve, on the northwestern outskirts of …